Umbilical Cord Transplantation for the Elderly Population

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01484470
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 2, 2011
Last Update Posted : December 18, 2017
Gamida Cell ltd
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Patrick Stiff, Loyola University

Brief Summary:
While cord blood transplants have been performed safely in elderly patients, many still relapse. The investigators propose to intensify the preparative regimen for this patient group in an attempt to decrease relapses, and combine this with an ex vivo expanded Umbilical Cord Blood (UCB) unit.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hematologic Malignancies Biological: StemEx Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is a life saving procedure in selected high-risk or recurrent hematologic malignancies and marrow failure syndromes. However its wide application is limited by availability of suitably HLA matched adult donors. Umbilical Cord Blood (UCB) has been increasingly used as an alternative hematopoietic stem cell source for these patients. To date, over 10,000 UCB transplants have been performed in both children32-38 and adults.35,39-44 Its advantages include easier procurement, decreased risk to donors, reduced risk of transmitting infections, the immediate availability of cryopreserved units, and acceptable HLA mismatches. The transplantation of UCB allows a greater degree of HLA mismatching without an unacceptably high incidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD). Adult patients receiving myeloablative cord blood transplants have a 90% chance of engraftment, but carry a 50% rate of transplant related mortality.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label,Double Arm,Single Center Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Transplantation of Either StemEx, Umbilical Cord Blood Stem and Progenitor Cells Expanded ex Vivo, or an Unmanipulated Cord Blood Unit in the Elderly Population With Hematologic Malignancies Using Reduced Intensity Regimen
Study Start Date : January 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 14, 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Unmanipulated arm
Participants that do not meet criteria for StemEx®, will be registered into the unmanipulated UCB arm and receive the standard conditioning regimen.
Experimental: Stemx Arm
StemEx is a stem/progenitor cell-based product of ex-vivo expanded allogeneic UCB, which is administered to the subject in combination with the non-manipulated portion of the same cord blood unit (CBU). The CBU must be cryopreserved in two portions of which the larger (or equal) CBU portion contains at least 1.5 x 107 total nucleated cells (TNC)/Kg. This portion remains unmanipulated and is transplanted on Day 0. StemEx is derived from the smaller (or equal) CBU portion, which is expanded ex vivo for 21 days starting pre-transplant in the presence of cytokines TPO, IL-6, Flt-3L and SCF at a concentration of 50ng/ml and 5μM tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA)
Biological: StemEx

For patients allocated to StemEx® arm:

  • Day -20: Start small (or equal) portion expansion at processing site. (II) Conditioning Phase
  • Day -6 to -1: Subject receives a RIC regimen containing Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide and Total Body Irradiation (TBI) (III) Transplantation and Follow-up Phase
  • Day 0: CBU unmanipulated portion transplantation (for StemEx® arm) or unmanipulated CBU transplantation.
  • Day 1: StemEx® transplantation.
  • Day 2 to 3 years: Post transplant follow-up.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of StemEx [ Time Frame: 100 days ]
    The primary endpoint is to demonstrate the efficacy of StemEx® vs. unmanipulated UCB transplantation in the elderly population (>55years of age) following RIC regimen by demonstrating engraftment with full donor chimerism (>98%) by Day 100 of more than 60% of the patients who received transplants expanded by the StemEx method.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to engraftment [ Time Frame: 42 days ]
    The day of neutrophil engraftment is defined as the first day of 3 consecutive days of an ANC greater than 500/microliter. The platelet recovery is the first of 3 consecutive measurements tested on different days of a platelet count greater than or equal to 20,000 without requiring platelet transfusions in the previous 7 days. Patients will be monitored for donor cell engraftment as evidenced by neutrophil recovery and donor chimerism in the marrow and/or peripheral blood at serial time points post transplant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   55 Years to 73 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ages 55-73
  • Patients will have one of the following malignancies:

    • Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) deNovo in first CR with adverse cytogenetic abnormalities, M0, M6, M7 subtypes, extramedullary disease in remission or high CD34+ disease (> 50%)
    • AML in early relapse (5-10% blasts on bone marrow aspirate or biopsy), or beyond CR-1 with no circulating blasts
    • AML at any time if resulting from a previous myelodysplasia
    • Acute lymphocytic leukemia or lymphoblastic lymphoma (ALL) in first CR with adverse prognostic features: t (9; 22), extra medullary disease, or mature B cell phenotype
    • Acute lymphoid leukemia or lymphoblastic lymphoma in early relapse (5- 10% blasts on aspirate), or beyond CR-1
    • Acute Undifferentiated Leukemia or biphenotypic leukemia in CR1 or CR2
    • Transfusion dependent myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) or RAEB-in transition, CMMOL, or any myelodysplasia with 7q-, 5q-, 7-, 5- or resulting from prior anti cancer therapy.
    • Relapsed Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), including those that have relapsed after an autologous marrow/blood stem cell transplant
    • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patient who has had fludarabine and either failed or relapsed. Prior autologous transplant patients are eligible.
  • Patients with adequate organ function and performance status criteria
  • Subject must have at least one or the following back-up stem cell sources in case of engraftment failure:

    • Subject is willing to undergo BM harvest or peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) collection for use in case of engraftment failure (when clinically applicable).
    • Subject has a second CBU as a possible back up.
    • Subject's haploidentical family member has been identified and agreed (by signing a written informed consent) to donate hematopoietic stem cells in case of engraftment failure.
  • Evaluation by social service/psychologist
  • Subject signs the written informed consent after being aware of the nature of the subject's disease and willingly consents to the treatment program after being informed of alternative treatments, potential risks, benefits and discomforts.
  • Ability to understand and agree to compliance with strict evaluation, isolation,and medication schedules
  • Designated primary care giver.
  • Dental evaluation/treatment completed.
  • ENT evaluation/treatment completed.
  • All patient who survive to day 90 are eligible for measurement of T and B cell function and lymphocyte subset numbers to determine immune reconstitution post UCB transplantation with or without StemEx®

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient with suitable related donor as defined per institutional guidelines
  • Chemotherapy resistant or active AML, ALL, AUL, biphenotypic leukemia
  • AML evolved from myelofibrosis
  • MDS with 20% or greater bone marrow blasts at pre-transplant workup. Patients may receive therapy and if in remission, are eligible
  • Prior allogeneic hematopoeitic stem cell transplant at any time
  • Less than twenty-one days have elapsed since the subject's last radiation or chemotherapy prior to conditioning (except for hydroxyurea)
  • Uncontrolled bacterial, fungal or viral infection at the time of study enrollment
  • Seropositive or NAT positive for HIV, HTLV-1 and Hepatitis C
  • Subjects with signs and symptoms of active central nervous system (CNS) disease
  • Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Allergy to bovine proteins or to aminoglycoside antibiotics (e.g. gentamicin) or to any product, which may interfere with the treatment.
  • Patient unable to give informed consent or unable to comply with the treatment protocol including appropriate supportive care, follow-up and research tests.
  • Enrolled in another clinical trial or received an investigational treatment during the last 30 days, unless approved by the primary investigator.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01484470

United States, Illinois
Loyola University Medical Center
Maywood, Illinois, United States, 60153
Sponsors and Collaborators
Loyola University
Gamida Cell ltd
Principal Investigator: Patrick Stiff, MD Loyola Universtiy Medical Center

Responsible Party: Patrick Stiff, Professor, Loyola University Identifier: NCT01484470     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 202041
First Posted: December 2, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 18, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017

Keywords provided by Patrick Stiff, Loyola University:
Stem cell transplantation
Stem Cell expansion

Additional relevant MeSH terms: