Improving Rates of Repeat Colorectal Cancer Screening
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using fecal occult blood testing (FOBT), sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy in adults, beginning at age 50 and continuing until age 75. However, rates of CRC screening remain inadequate. In 2006, only 60.8% of adults 50 or older reported recent CRC screening. Screening rates are even lower among Black and Hispanic populations and in areas with higher poverty rates. Annual or biennial FOBT testing over many years is essential for FOBT to be effective. Few studies have examined the rate of repeat FOBT testing; to the investigators knowledge, none have been conducted in populations with high prevalence of barriers to screening (e.g., low literacy, varied cultural norms, and transportation difficulties). The assumption that FOBT is an effective CRC screening strategy presumes it will be done at least biennially, and cost-effectiveness studies of CRC screening strategies have found that the results are sensitive to the rate of adherence. The investigators study will provide critical information for providers and policymakers as they consider optimal strategies to increase CRC screening among vulnerable populations.
Overall Study Goal: Improve colorectal cancer screening by increasing rates of repeat fecal occult blood testing (FOBT).
Aim 1: Test if a multifaceted intervention increases repeat FOBT testing adherence over a 30-month period
Hypothesis 1: Compared to usual care, the intervention will increase the proportion of patients who complete a repeat annual FOBT within 6 months of their due date.
Hypothesis 2: Compared to usual care, the intervention will increase the proportion of patients who complete 2 additional FOBTs over the 30-month intervention period.
Aim 2: Explore perceived barriers to screening among patients who received the intervention but did not complete repeat FOBT testing within 18 months
Aim 3: Assess the costs of the intervention and the costs per additional repeat screening compared to patients who received usual care.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Screening
|Official Title:||Center for Advancing Equity in Clinical Preventive Services Project 1: Improving Rates of Repeat Colorectal Cancer Screening|
- Completion of a Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) [ Time Frame: within 6 months of randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]This outcome will be categorized as Completed FOBT if a participant's chart has documentation of a completed FOBT screening test. Outcomes will be assessed by querying the electronic health record (EHR) for all participants.
|Study Start Date:||March 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Reminder and Outreach Intervention
Participants randomized to this arm will receive the Reminder and Outreach intervention.
Behavioral: Reminder and Outreach Intervention
This intervention includes (1) phone calls and text messages to remind participants that they are due for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening (2) mailed fecal occult blood test (FOBT) to participants so they can perform the test conveniently at home and mail them to the clinic, avoiding the need for a visit (3) plain language information and instructions to support understanding of CRC and FOBT use (4) a CRC screening coordinator to contact those still failing to complete testing by telephone or text (5) a feedback loop to patients regarding test results.
No Intervention: Usual Care Control Group
Patients assigned to this arm will receive usual care.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01453894
|United States, Illinois|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611|
|Principal Investigator:||David W Baker, MD MPH||Northwestern University|