Real-Time Assessment of Cryoballoon Pulmonary Vein Isolation Using a Novel Circular Mapping Catheter (CRYO-MAP)
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent sustained cardiac arrhythmia, impairs quality of life and increases stroke risk and mortality. Recent clinical experience with the Arctic Front™ cryoballoon ablation catheter system (Medtronic) suggests that it can be used to isolate the pulmonary veins (PVs) safely and effectively in patients with AF, thereby eliminating the recurrence of AF.
Hypothesis: Our hypotheses are (1) that visualization of real-time pulmonary vein conduction during cryoballoon ablation of atrial fibrillation using a novel spiral circumferential mapping catheter (Achieve™) is feasible and safe, and (2) that procedure and fluoroscopy times decrease with experience.
Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess safety, feasibility, and a learning curve associated with cryoballoon catheter ablation using a novel circular mapping catheter (Achieve™, Medtronic) inserted through the lumen of the cryoballoon in patients with symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
The primary goal is to evaluate successful pulmonary vein isolation using the Achieve™ mapping catheter. The reduction of procedure and fluoroscopy times during the first 40 patients treated with this approach will be analyzed to evaluate a potential learning curve upon introduction of the technique.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Real-Time Assessment of Cryoballoon Pulmonary Vein Isolation Using a Novel Circular Mapping Catheter|
- Feasibility, defined as successful pulmonary vein isolation using the novel circular mapping catheter with the cryoballoon. [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of the ablation procedure, an expected average of 1-3 hours. ]
- Time from beginning of the freeze to conduction blockade ("time to effect"). [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of the ablation procedure, an expected average of 1-3 hours. ]
- Treatment-related adverse events. [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of the ablation procedure, an expected average of 1-3 hours. ]
- Procedure time. [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of the ablation procedure, an expected average of 1-3 hours. ]
- Overall fluoroscopy time and dose. [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of the ablation procedure, an expected average of 1-3 hours. ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.||
Procedure: Cryoballoon ablation.
Cryoballoon ablation using a novel circular mapping catheter.
A total of 40 patients scheduled for a first ablation of paroxysmal AF will be included. All study subjects will undergo cryoablation using the 28 mm Arctic Front™ Cryoablation Catheter. A double transseptal approach will be followed in all study patients, allowing for use of regular guide wire and circular mapping catheter, respectively, if required.
Use of the 20 mm Achieve™ circular mapping catheter is preferred. The 15 mm AchieveTM catheter may be used at the physician's discretion. If stable balloon positions cannot be obtained, the Achieve™ catheter will be replaced by a regular guide wire and pulmonary vein isolation will be assessed by a circular mapping catheter (Lasso™; Biosense Webster) introduced through a second transseptal puncture. Cryoablations will be applied for 5 minutes each. Premature terminations will be allowed at the physician's discretion but should be avoided to allow for detection of late pulmonary vein isolation during cryoenergy application. Cryoballoon catheter manipulations (e.g., pull down maneuver) may be performed during energy application. During ablation of septal pulmonary veins, electrical phrenic nerve stimulation will be performed to exclude phrenic nerve palsy. If additional single point ablations are required to achieve electrical isolation of pulmonary veins, a linear cryocatheter (Freezor™ Max; Medtronic) will be used.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01448265
|Department of Cardiology, University of Heidelberg|
|Heidelberg, Germany, 69120|
|Principal Investigator:||Dierk Thomas, MD||Department of Cardiology, University of Heidelberg|