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Efficacy Study of Recombinant Adenovirus for Non Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (BOND)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01438112
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Change in study design)
First Posted : September 21, 2011
Last Update Posted : April 14, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
CG Oncology, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The use of a designed viral vector that can destroy cancer cells while leaving normal cells largely unharmed. The virus also stimulates an immunological response by producing a special factor (GM-CSF) to attract and promote the development of dendritic and T effector cells. It forms the hypothesis that this regimen may be used for people who have failed current forms of treatment and are recommended for cystectomy. It is with hope that this novel therapy will be able to delay or potentially avoid cystectomy for this patient population. Bladder instillation of this agent causes little long lasting side effects and may drastically improve the stimulation of the immune system for local cancer cell death as well as destroying those tumor cells that may have travelled to regional lymph nodes or distant organs.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Transitional Cell Carcinoma Bladder Cancer Carcinoma in Situ Carcinoma in Situ Concurrent With Papillary Tumors Biological: CG0070 Adenovirus Vector Other: Control Arm: Quadruple Choice Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

After the phase I/II CG0070 trial review, it became apparent that the use of CG0070 oncolytic vaccine as an intravesical agent for oncolytic lysis of tumor cells, together with the transcription of GM-CSF on site, may have distinct advantages. This first study showed excellent tumor response rates of 48-77% depending on the dose schedule administered. All of these patients had residual non-muscle invasive bladder cancer who have previously failed BCG therapy at the time of treatment.

With the addition of a transduction agent such as DDM, the intravesical instillation of CG0070 enabled uniform distribution of viral particles and exposure to the tumor during those 30-60 minutes instillations as contrast to the intra-tumor injection, intra-arterial or intravenous injection of viral particles in other oncolytic viral trials. Some or most of these delivering methodologies have obvious intrinsic imperfections and potential toxicity. This unique opportunity of an relatively easy intravesical tumor exposure is difficult to duplicate in other solid tumor models.

The replication of CG0070 in the majority of patients during the first phase I/II trial indicated tumor lysis with release of tumor specific or tumor associated antigens that have been stably expressed, in abundant quantities during tumor cell death. Release of tumor antigens have been the key elements, together with sufficient on-site GM-CSF, in stimulating strong cross-presentation and confirmation signals to the antigen presenting cells such as dendritic cells interacting with CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. This concept of a "real time" vaccine like regimen is expected to compare favorably with other forms of cancer immunotherapy treatment such as BCG in this patient population.

It is with this thought that CG0070 may find a success in this setting because of a reasonably and proven complete response rate in residual and failed BCG bladder cancer patients in the first phase I/II study (some cases with only one instillation). Of importance as well, is the demonstration in the study data of a strong GM-CSF expression during its replication phase. Those patients with carcinoma in situ disease and those with RB pathway dysfunction were particularly responsive.

It is therefore, desirable to formulate a protocol to encompass the specialty of this oncolytic vaccine and the unique intravesical delivery to prove the efficacy by a randomized controlled study. This opportunity allows a study on the CG0070's beneficial effects, if any, on the standard of care for carcinoma in situ non muscle invasive bladder cancer patients after they failed BCG therapy. The prognosis of this group presently depends mainly on early radical cystectomy, which carries a high morbidity and decrease of quality of life generally viewed as unacceptable for this group of older patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Integrated Phase II/III, Open Label, Randomized and Controlled Study of the Safety and Efficacy of CG0070 Adenovirus Vector Expressing GM-CSF in Patients With NMIBC With Carcinoma In Situ Disease Who Have Failed BCG
Study Start Date : March 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CG0070 oncolytic virus
Interventions: CG0070 oncolytic virus intravesical instillations weekly X6 with each instillation lasting 45 minutes after prior transduction agent of DDM intravesically for 15 minutes
Biological: CG0070 Adenovirus Vector
CG0070 adenoviral vector with GM-CSF expression given intravesically 1x10e12 viral particles for each instillations, weekly times six
Other Names:
  • oncolytic virus
  • CG0070
  • GM-CSF expression
  • adenoviral vector

Active Comparator: Chemotherapy or Interferon

Quadruple Choice as interventions

  1. Mitomycin C
  2. Interferon
  3. Valrubicin
  4. Gemcitabine
Other: Control Arm: Quadruple Choice
Quadruple Choice Treatment Options: (same as listed above)
Other Names:
  • Mitomycin C
  • Interferon
  • Valrubicin
  • Gemcitabine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete Response Proportion (CR) [ Time Frame: 9 months (Phase II) ]
    'CR' Proportion is confirmed by negative biopsy, cystoscopy, cytology weekly times 2 with the first assessment three months after first intravesical treatment and then assessed again at 9 month. Two consecutive positive urine cytologies to confirm a persistent or recurrent disease if visual and biopsy is negative. Random biopsy mandatory at the first assessment in the trigone, bladder dome, right, left , anterior and posterior of the bladder wall.

  2. Durable Complete Response Proportion (DCR) [ Time Frame: 15 months (Phase III) ]
    DCR proportion of DCR lasting 12 months or longer will be conducted after a follow up period of 15 months for each patient. The first complete response assessment will be at 3 month.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression rate to muscle invasive disease [ Time Frame: Throughout the study with expected average of 12 months ]
    The Progression rate to muscle invasive disease rate is based on analysis from comparing disease status at the time of enrollment versus disease status (for those patients with muscle invasion) at the time of cystectomy or TURBT

  2. Complete Response Survival [ Time Frame: 15 months ]
    The Complete Response Survival time to events of patients who have achieved a complete response at the 3 month assessment will be compared with a log rank test.

  3. Safety Events [ Time Frame: Expected average of two years throughout the study ]
    The number and percentage of patients experiencing one or more adverse events will be summarized by relationship to study drug, and severity.

  4. Cystectomy Free Survival [ Time Frame: 15 month ]
    The Cystectomy Free Survival time to events of patients will be compared with a log rank test.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must be considered high risk, with pathologically confirmed high grade disease (HG) WHO 2004
  2. Patients must have pathologically-proven unresectable, primary, secondary or concurrent carcinoma in situ disease, defined by having either Ta and/or T1 with CIS, or CIS
  3. Patients must have no evidence of muscle invasive disease
  4. Patient need to sign a specific informed consent acknowledging that a delay of cystectomy may lead to an increase chance of progression and/or metastasis with serious or sometimes fatal consequences.
  5. Patients must have received at least two or more prior courses of intravesical therapy. BCG must have been one of the prior therapies administered. Patients can have either failed BCG induction therapy within a six month period or have been successfully treated with BCG, but subsequently found to have recurrence. The standard course of intravesical therapy must include six weekly treatments (allowable range of instillations per course is 4-9). The second course of BCG can consist of three weekly treatments
  6. 18 years of age or older
  7. Residual disease at accrual
  8. Pathologically diagnosed transitional cell (urothelial) bladder cancer (further details in 10.) patients where radical cystectomy with curative intent is indicated for superficial bladder cancer that is resistant to treatment.
  9. Patients must be able to enter into the study within five weeks of their most recent diagnostic procedure, which is usually a diagnostic biopsy, a transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) procedure or other diagnostic scanning such as CT and PET procedures.
  10. Histopathologically confirmed, transitional cell (urothelial) carcinoma. Urothelial tumors with mixed histology (but with <50% variant) are eligible.
  11. No evidence of urethral or renal pelvis TCC by upper tract radiological imaging (e.g., intravenous pyelogram, CT urogram, or retrograde pyelogram) within the past 2 years.
  12. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status <2.
  13. Not pregnant or lactating
  14. Patients with child bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception
  15. Agree to study specific informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health information
  16. Adequate baseline CBC, renal and hepatic function. Renal parameters as detailed above. Absolute lymphocyte count ≥ 1,000/μL before all doses of CG0070
  17. Patient to provide a tumor specimen for determination of RB pathway status

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous systemic chemotherapy or radiation for bladder cancer. Note: Prior immunotherapy or intravesical (administered within the bladder) chemotherapy for superficial disease is acceptable
  2. No bladder cancer residual disease, such as patients that are rendered disease free by TURBT
  3. History of anaphylactic reaction following exposure to humanized or human therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, hypersensitivity to GM-CSF or yeast derived products, clinically meaningful allergic reactions or any known hypersensitivity or prior reaction to any of the formulation excipients in the study drugs.
  4. Known infection with HIV, HBV or HCV.
  5. Anticipated use of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or other immunotherapy not specified in the study protocol while on study
  6. Any underlying medical condition that, in the Investigator's opinion, will make the administration of study vaccine hazardous to the patient, would obscure the interpretation of adverse events, or surgical resection. Anticipated use of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or other immunotherapy not specified in the study protocol while on study
  7. Systemic treatment on any investigational clinical trial within 28 days prior to registration.
  8. Concurrent treatment with immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory agents, including any systemic steroid (exception: inhaled or topically applied steroids, and acute and chronic standard dose NSAIDs, are permitted). Use of a short course (i.e., ≤ 1 day) of a glucocorticoid is acceptable to prevent a reaction to the IV contrast used for CT scans.
  9. Immunosuppressive therapy, including: cyclosporine, antithymocyte globulin, or tacrolimus within 3 months of study entry.
  10. History of prior experimental cancer vaccine treatment (e.g., dendritic cell therapy, heat shock vaccine)
  11. History of partial cystectomy in the setting of bladder cancer primary tumor.
  12. History of anaphylactic reaction following exposure to humanized or human therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, hypersensitivity to GM-CSF or yeast derived products, clinically meaningful allergic reactions or any known hypersensitivity or prior reaction to any of the formulation excipients in the study drugs.
  13. History of stage III or greater cancer, excluding urothelial cancer. Basal or squamous cell skin cancers must have been adequately treated and the subject must be disease-free at the time of registration. Subjects with a history of stage I or II cancer, must have been adequately treated and have been disease-free for ≥ 3 years at the time of registration.
  14. Concomitant active autoimmune disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroid disease, uveitis)
  15. Progressive viral or bacterial infection
  16. All infections must be resolved and the patient must remain afebrile for seven days without antibiotics prior to being placed on study
  17. Any underlying medical condition that, in the Investigator's opinion, will make the administration of study vaccine hazardous to the patient, would obscure the interpretation of adverse events, or not permit adequate surgical resection.
  18. Unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol or cooperate fully with the investigator and site personnel

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01438112

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United States, Arizona
BCG Oncology
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85032-2129
United States, California
University of California, San Diego- Moores Cancer Center
La Jolla, California, United States, 92093
UCLA Institute of Urological Oncology
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90024
University of California, Davis- Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago, Department of Surgery, Section of Urology
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
United States, North Carolina
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Medical Center Department of Urologic Surgery
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
CG Oncology, Inc.
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Study Chair: Alex W Yeung, MBBS CG Oncology, Inc.
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Responsible Party: CG Oncology, Inc. Identifier: NCT01438112    
Other Study ID Numbers: 12154
First Posted: September 21, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 14, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Keywords provided by CG Oncology, Inc.:
bladder cancer
transitional cell
gene therapy
oncolytic virus
carcinoma in situ
carcinoma in situ concurrent with papillary tumors
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Adenoviridae Infections
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Carcinoma in Situ
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors