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A Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine Administered in Combination With Other Antiretroviral Agents in Antiretroviral Treatment-Experienced HIV-1 Infected Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01422330
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 23, 2011
Last Update Posted : October 13, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen R&D Ireland

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to learn more about the safety and tolerability of etravirine. Etravirine is a type of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) which has shown high activity against wild-type human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), and HIV strains resistant to other non-nucleotide agents.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection Drug: Etravirine Phase 4

Detailed Description:
This is an open-label (all people involved know the identity of the intervention), single arm, multicenter Phase IV study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of etravirine (ETR) in combination with antiretroviral (ARV) therapy other than darunavir (DRV) + ritonavir (rtv). In addition, the antiviral activity and the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile, and safety of ETR will be assessed. The study will consist of a screening period of maximum 6 weeks, a baseline visit, and a 48-week treatment period. After the end of the treatment period, patients with ongoing adverse events (AEs) will be followed for an additional 4 weeks. At least 200 ARV treatment-experienced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infected patients will be enrolled in this study. Patients will be considered ARV treatment-experienced if they have been on their current stable highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen for at least 8 weeks prior to screening. The study population will consist of patients who need to change their current HAART regimen due to any of the following reasons: (1) patients experiencing virologic failure (with a screening viral load value >=500 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL), or (2) patients switching due to simplification of their current regimen or due to AEs and/or tolerability reasons (with a screening viral load value <50 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL). Patients will receive ETR 200 mg twice daily in combination with an investigator-selected background regimen. In addition to ETR, which needs to be active based on resistance testing, the background regimen should consist of at least 1 active ARV resulting in a treatment regimen with at least 2 active ARVs. The following exceptions to this are: (1) if raltegravir (RAL) or atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/rtv) are part of the background regimen, the number of active ARVs in this background regimen should be at least 2; (2) low-dose ritonavir should not be counted as an active ARV. DRV/rtv will not be allowed in the background regimen in order to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of ETR in combination with ARVs other than DRV/rtv. Furthermore, a background regimen consisting of nucleoside transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) only will not be allowed. The background regimen cannot be modified until the end of the treatment period with the following exception: switches within the ARV class will be allowed for well documented tolerability/toxicity reasons. For patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are deriving clinical benefit from ETR, and to whom ETR is not commercially available in his/her country, is not reimbursed or cannot be accessed from another source (e.g., access program, government program) in the region the patient is living in, the possibility to extend their ETR treatment period will be provided. The ETR tablets are to be taken orally twice daily after a meal. A total daily dose of 400 mg is to be taken for 48 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 211 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine (ETR) in Combination With Other Antiretrovirals (ARVs) in Antiretroviral Treatment-Experienced HIV-1 Infected Subjects
Study Start Date : September 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS
Drug Information available for: Etravirine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Etravirine Drug: Etravirine
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=100, form=tablet, route=oral use, 2 tablets. Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=200, form=tablet, route=oral use, 1 tablet. The drug is taken twice a day, after meals.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Participants with an Adverse Event (AEs) [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Participants with Virologic Suppression [Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-1 Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) less than (<) 50 copies/Milliliter (mL)] at Week 48 [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Snapshot analysis is based on the last observed viral load (VL) data within the Week 48 window: virologic response is defined as HIV-1 RNA<50 copies/mL (observed case); missing HIV-1 RNA is considered as non-response.

  2. Changes in CD4 Cell Count at Week 48 [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
  3. Changes in Viral Genotype/Phenotype Over Time [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented HIV-1 infection
  • Treatment with current stable HAART for at least 8 weeks prior to screening
  • Currently experiencing virologic failure (screening viral load value >=500 HIV-1 RNA copies /mL), or switching due to simplification of their regimen or due to adverse event or tolerability reasons, (screening viral load value <50 HIV-1 RNA copies /mL)
  • Demonstrated sensitivity to etravirine and to at least 1 antiretroviral (ARV) agent in the background regimen, based on the resistance test at screening or resistance history or have previously received treatment with etravirine
  • Patients agree not to have unprotected sex while on the study
  • No currently active AIDS-defining illness
  • Did not take any non-ARV investigational agents within 90 days prior to screening
  • No use of disallowed treatments
  • Adequate liver function

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any currently active illness or toxicity due to HIV infection
  • Any active clinically significant disease or findings during screening of medical history or physical examination that, in the investigator's opinion, would compromise the patient's safety or outcome of the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01422330

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen R&D Ireland
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Study Director: Janssen R&D Ireland Clinical Trial Janssen R&D Ireland

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Janssen R&D Ireland Identifier: NCT01422330     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR017860
TMC125IFD3002 ( Other Identifier: Janssen R&D Ireland )
2010-023532-16 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 23, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 13, 2014
Last Verified: October 2014
Keywords provided by Janssen R&D Ireland:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action