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A Pharmacokinetic Study of a Single-Dose of Diazepam Nasal Spray in Adult Epileptic Patients Experiencing a Seizure Episode

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01417078
First Posted: August 16, 2011
Last Update Posted: March 29, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Acorda Therapeutics
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine the pharmacokinetics of Diazepam Nasal Spray following a single dose in epileptic patients experiencing a seizure episode.

Condition Intervention Phase
Epilepsy Drug: Diazepam Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Study to Determine the Pharmacokinetics of a Single Dose of Diazepam Nasal Spray in Adult Epileptic Patients Experiencing a Seizure Episode for Which Acute Treatment With a Benzodiazepine is Clinically Indicated

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Acorda Therapeutics:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter: Maximum Measure Plasma Concentration (Cmax), [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 10, 15, 30, and 45 mins, and 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 9,and 12 hours ]
    Summary of Dose-Adjusted Diazepam and Nordiazepam PK parameter Cmax. The mean Cmax value was adjusted to a 20 mg dose.

  • Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter: Time to Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 10, 15, 30, and 45 mins, and 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 9,and 12 hours ]

    Summary of Dose-Adjusted Diazepam and Nordiazepam PK parameter Tmax.

    The mean Tmax value was adjusted to a 20 mg dose.


  • Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter: Area Under The Concentration Curve From Time 0 to 12 Hours (AUC(0-12)) and AUC Time to Last Measurable Plasma Concentration [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 10, 15, 30, and 45 mins, and 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 9,and 12 hours ]

    Summary of Dose-Adjusted Diazepam and Nordiazepam PK parameter AUC(0-12) and AUC(last).

    The mean estimate of AUC(0-12) was adjusted to a 20 mg dose. AUC(last) was used for the calculation of AUC for nordiazepam. AUC(0-12) values could not be estimated for nordiazepam given that nordiazepam concentrations were rising between 6 and 12 hours.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose to 48 hours post-dose ]

    TEAEs refer to adverse events with start dates occurring after dosing. Treatment-Related TEAEs refer to those 'possibly' or 'probably' related to study drug.

    Intensity definitions:

    • Mild: Usually transient, required no special treatment, and did not interfere with the patient's daily activities.
    • Moderate: Usually caused a low degree of inconvenience or concern to the patient, and may have interfered with daily activities, but was usually ameliorated by simple therapeutic measures.
    • Severe: Interrupted a patient's usual daily activities, and generally required systemic drug therapy or other treatment.


Enrollment: 31
Study Start Date: September 2011
Study Completion Date: March 2013
Primary Completion Date: February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Diazepam Nasal Spray Drug: Diazepam
single-dose; dosage in mg, based on patient body weight

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Provide signed informed consent for study participation.
  • General good health with no clinically significant unstable abnormalities.
  • Diagnosis of epilepsy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Individuals receiving warfarin (Coumadin®) or dabigatran (Pradaxa®).
  • Use of any investigational drug within 30 days.
  • Blood or plasma donation within 30 days.
  • Not willing or unable to tolerate blood draws.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01417078


Locations
United States, Arizona
Barrow Neurology Clinics at St Joseph's Hospital
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85013
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Pennsylvania
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Acorda Therapeutics
Investigators
Study Director: David P Ward, MD Neuronex, Inc.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Acorda Therapeutics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01417078     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DZNS-ARS-103
First Submitted: August 12, 2011
First Posted: August 16, 2011
Results First Submitted: December 16, 2016
Results First Posted: March 29, 2017
Last Update Posted: March 29, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Seizures
Epilepsy
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Diazepam
Adjuvants, Anesthesia
Anticonvulsants
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Muscle Relaxants, Central
Neuromuscular Agents
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Anesthetics, Intravenous
Anesthetics, General
Anesthetics
GABA Modulators
GABA Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action