Treatment for the Mental Health Impact of Killing in War

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco Identifier:
First received: July 19, 2011
Last updated: August 14, 2014
Last verified: August 2014

The goal of this project is to test the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of a treatment module addressing the mental health and functional impact of killing in the war zone.

The investigators will enroll between 12-20 Veterans who have killed in war and have been diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for a pilot study assessing the efficacy of the six-session treatment. Veterans will be randomized either to the treatment or to the waitlist control group.

Condition Intervention
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Behavioral: Impact of Killing CBT Treatment

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Treatment for the Mental Health Impact of Killing in War: Augmentation of Existing Evidence-Based Mental Health Interventions

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of California, San Francisco:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in psychological symptoms as measured by the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90-R) [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and study completion (week 7) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A brief multidimensional self-report inventory that screens for nine symptoms of psychopathology and provides three global distress indicators.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in killing-related maladaptive cognitions as measured by the Killing Cognitions Scale (KCS) [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and study completion (week 7) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assesses killing-related maladaptive cognitions

Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: October 2011
Study Completion Date: June 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Behavioral: Impact of Killing CBT Treatment
    Treatment will include six, one hours sessions with a licensed clinical psychologist or an advanced postdoctoral fellow under the close supervision of a licensed psychologist.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Combat veterans


Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of PTSD
  • Veteran will need to endorse having taken another life in a war zone context
  • Have received some prior evidence-based treatment for PTSD

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Meet current or lifetime criteria for a psychotic disorder
  • Participants in current PTSD treatment will not be excluded;however,if receiving medications they will need to be stabilized on current medications for at least one month.
  • If receiving Prolonged Exposure Therapy or Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, individuals will need to wait two weeks after they have completed the treatment to enroll in the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01406834

United States, California
San Francisco VA Medical Center
San Francisco, California, United States, 94121
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Principal Investigator: Shira Maguen, PhD University of California San Francisco/ San Francisco VA Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco Identifier: NCT01406834     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-06004
Study First Received: July 19, 2011
Last Updated: August 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Anxiety Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on August 27, 2015