Pazopanib in Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01377298
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2011 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : June 21, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 21, 2011
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital

Brief Summary:
Because of the advantageous activity against VEGF-C and FGF pathways and favorable toxicity profile comparing with sunitinib, the investigators plan this phase II trial of pazopanib in cisplatin-refractory recurrent or metastatic HNSCC.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Drug: Pazopanib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Pazopanib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targets VEGFR1/2/3, PDGFR alpha & beta, c-KIT, and FGFR1/3 to inhibit angiogenesis. The phase II trial in advanced RCC (previous cytokine therapy in 25 % of patients) yielded good clinical benefits (response rate 34.6%; disease control 79.8%) with durable activity (progression-free to near 1 year) and acceptable toxicity. The randomized phase III trial in advanced RCC are ongoing and interim analysis revealed prolonged progression-free survival in pazopanib group compared with placebo group. Pazopanib is an active multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor needed to broaden it new indications to treat cancers. VEGF-C and FGF pathways are also important in the angiogenesis, metastasis, invasion, and cancer stem cell renewal in HNSCC. Pazopanib can also inhibit these two pathways and might offer much more suppression on tumor angiogenesis and growth in HNSCC compared with sunitinib. Common side effects of pazopanib are grade I to II diarrhea, hypertension, hair color change, and nausea, which are all manageable. Because of the advantageous activity against VEGF-C and FGF pathways and favorable toxicity profile comparing with sunitinib, we plan this phase II trial of pazopanib in cisplatin-refractory recurrent or metastatic HNSCC.

Serum inflammation markers, like IL-6 (esp. in inflammation- mediated cancers, like virus- related hepatocellular carcinoma and HNSCC), and host/tumor VEGF/VEGFR2 polymorphism attracted much attention in tumor angiogenesis dependence and response prediction of anti-angiogenesis treatments, in addition to previously described sVEGFR2 and circulating endothelial progenitors(CEP) in the phase II trial of RCC. We will study serum IL-6/VEGF/sVEGFR2/CEP and host/tumor VEGF/VEGFR2 polymorphism for prognosis and response correlation.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 45 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Pazopanib in Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Refractory to Platinum-Based Chemotherapy
Study Start Date : June 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Pazopanib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pazopanib
Single arm study, pazopanib
Drug: Pazopanib
200mg/tablet, 800mg/day PO.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Evaluable for response: From the RECIST 1.1 paper,all patients included in the study must be accounted for in the results, even if there are major protocol treatment deviations or if they are not evaluable.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. disease control rate (CR+PR+SD), [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Patients who receive at least 3 days of pazopanib will be included in the baseline, dosing and safety summaries. The primary calculation of complete response rate will be based on all response-evaluable patients.

  2. Tumor Necrosis Ratio [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    Tumor Necrosis Ratio: On contrast enhanced T1WI, (CE-T1WI), manual delineation of the area of necrosis and entire tumor is performed on the central tumor-containing slice with the areas of necrotic center and entire tumor automatically generated. The tumor necrosis ratio is defined as the area of necrotic center over that of the entire tumor.

    (<25%, <50%, <75%, or >75%)

  3. progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  4. overall survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically confirmed HNSCC.
  2. Recurrent or metastatic setting, refractory to previous cisplatin or carboplatin-based chemotherapy.
  3. At least one measurable lesion (according to RECIST v 1.1 criteria).
  4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0 to 2.
  5. Age>18y/o,<=70y/o.
  6. Adequate bone marrow, hepatic, and renal functions as evidenced by the following:

    • Absolute neutrophil count>=1,500 cells/L, platelet count>=100,000 cells/L, and hemoglobin>=9 g/dL.
    • Total bilirubin<=1.5 X ULN, AST/ALT<=3.0 X ULN
    • Creatinine<=1.5 mg/dL.
  7. Informed consent, obtained in writing.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Second malignancy.
  2. Locoregional recurrence amenable to definite surgery or radiation again.
  3. Brain/meningeal metastasis with IICP or bone metastasis with spinal cord compression.
  4. Pregnancy or nursing women.
  5. Having received more than two prior lines of intravenous chemotherapy in the palliative setting.
  6. Having received antiangiogenesis agent in the palliative setting.
  7. Having received chemotherapy or radiation therapy or surgery within 3 weeks.
  8. Major systemic diseases those are inappropriate for systemic chemotherapy according to clinician's professional judgment.
  9. Mental status not fit for clinical trials.
  10. Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may increase the risk for gastrointestinal bleeding including, but not limited to:

    • Active peptic ulcer disease
    • Known intraluminal metastatic lesion/s with risk of bleeding
    • Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), or other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation
    • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra abdominal abscess within 28 days prior to beginning study treatment.
  11. Corrected QT interval (QTc)>480 msecs using Bazett's formula.
  12. Poorly controlled hypertension defined as SBP>=140 mmHg or DBP>=90mmHg
  13. Concomitant diseases that might be aggravated by investigational drugs:

    • Active or non-controlled infection.
    • Severe upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
    • History of any one or more of the following cardiovascular conditions within the past 12 months:
    • Cardiac angioplasty or stenting,
    • Myocardial infarction,
    • Unstable angina,
    • Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease,
    • Class III or IV congestive heart failure, as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA)
  14. Hemoptysis within 6 weeks of first dose of Pazopanib, prior major surgery within 4 weeks of first dose of Pazopanib, or presence of any non-healing wound/fracture.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01377298

Contact: Ruey-Long Hong, MD +886 2 23123456 ext 67510

National Taiwan University Hospital Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan, 100
Contact: Ruey-Long Hong, MD    +886 2 23123456 ext 67510   
Sub-Investigator: Jo-Pai Chen, MD         
Principal Investigator: Ruey-Long Hong, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Ruey-Long Hong, MD National Taiwan University Hospital

Responsible Party: Ruey-Long Hong, National Taiwan University Hospital Identifier: NCT01377298     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201007042M
First Posted: June 21, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 21, 2011
Last Verified: June 2011

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site