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Effectiveness of Celecoxib After Surgical Sperm Retrieval

This study has been terminated.
(Interim analysis demonstrated significant benefit in intervention arm)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Weill Medical College of Cornell University Identifier:
First received: March 24, 2011
Last updated: June 10, 2014
Last verified: June 2014

While narcotic medication are commonly used for pain control near the time of surgery, there are significant side effects including constipation, nausea, risk of overdose leading to decreased breathing, and risk of addiction to narcotics. Our goal is to explore alternatives to narcotics for perioperative pain for patients undergoing sperm retrieval surgery. We have designed a prospective randomized clinical trial to evaluate how effective the anti-inflammatory medicine celecoxib(Celebrex©) is for pain control near the time of surgery. Celecoxib is known as a COX-2 inhibitor, a drug that belongs to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) class. It is used to reduce swelling and to treat pain.

Patients will be divided into two groups: the first group receives a celecoxib pill and the second group receives a sugar pill(placebo). Patients and doctors will be unaware of exactly which pills are given. The patient will complete questionnaires for pain level. By comparing the pain levels we can better understand whether celecoxib (Celebrex©) significantly decreases perioperative pain.

Condition Intervention
Drug: Celecoxib
Drug: Sugar Pill

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Use of Celecoxib (Celebrex (c)) in Post-operative Pain Control After Microdissection Testicular Sperm Extraction

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Weill Medical College of Cornell University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Level of Pain [ Time Frame: 1 week after surgery ]
    Patients will rate their pain for 7 days after surgery using an 11-point visual analog scale (0= no pain, 10=worst pain ever). Patients are asked to rate their pain up to four times a day during the post-operative period. Pain scores from each post-operative day each day will be averaged and reported as the pain score for that day.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Bleeding Complications [ Time Frame: 7 days after surgery ]
    We will record whether there are any bleeding complications associated with treatment after surgery.

Enrollment: 78
Study Start Date: January 2011
Study Completion Date: March 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Celecoxib
Celecoxib will be given for 6 days after surgery
Drug: Celecoxib
Celecoxib 200mg PO BID x 6 days
Other Name: Celebrex
Placebo Comparator: Sugar pill
Sugar pill for 6 days after surgery.
Drug: Sugar Pill
Sugar pill PO BID x 6 days
Other Name: Placebo

Detailed Description:

All consecutive patients scheduled to undergo elective, outpatient microsurgical testicular sperm extraction (TESE) beginning in 9/2011 will be invited for participation. Microdissection TESE will be performed unilaterally or bilaterally, through a midline scrotal incision, under general anesthesia.

Participants will be prospectively randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive 200 mg of celecoxib or placebo b.i.d. in a double-blind fashion, initiated the night prior to surgery, and continued for six days thereafter. The randomization sequence will be generated and implemented by the institutional investigational pharmacy. Placebo medication, identical to the study medication, will also be provided by the institutional pharmacy.

Following surgery, all participants will be asked to complete a take-home post-operative questionnaire recording their maximum pain level on an 11-point visual analog scale (0-10), at specific time intervals over the course of the day, ranging from every six hours on post-operative day (POD) #1 to every 8 hours on POD #2, every 12 hours on POD #3, and every 24 hours on POD #4 to POD #7. Patients will also record the number of 5/500 mg tablets of acetaminophen/hydrocodone used for supplemental pain control from POD #1 to POD #7. Thirdly, patients will record whether or not their pain was adequately controlled at each of the above-mentioned time intervals.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. >/= 18 years old
  2. Male
  3. Scheduled to undergo microdissection testicular sperm extraction

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of allergies to celecoxib (Celecoxib)
  2. Renal failure
  3. History of ulcer disease
  4. Any history of myocardial infarction
  5. Any history of stroke
  6. History of bleeding diathesis
  7. Use of aspirin
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01323595

United States, New York
Department of Urology, Weill Cornell Medical College,
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Principal Investigator: Peter N Schlegel, MD Weill Medical College of Cornell University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Weill Medical College of Cornell University Identifier: NCT01323595     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1010011319
Study First Received: March 24, 2011
Results First Received: October 29, 2013
Last Updated: June 10, 2014

Keywords provided by Weill Medical College of Cornell University:
Pain control
testicular sperm extraction

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents processed this record on April 27, 2017