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Clinical Outcomes of Bromday (Bromfenac Ophthalmic Solution) 0.09% QD vs. Nevanac (Nepafenac Ophthalmic Suspension) 0.1%

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01310127
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 8, 2011
Results First Posted : September 26, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 28, 2020
Bausch & Lomb Incorporated
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Melissa Toyos, Toyos Clinic

Brief Summary:
This is a single-center, randomized, investigator-masked, parallel group, and active-comparator controlled study investigating the clinical outcomes for visual acuity and macular thickness after treatment with Bromday (bromfenac ophthalmic solution) 0.09% QD or Nevanac (nepafenac ophthalmic suspension) 0.1% TID in subjects who have undergone cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Inflammation Pseudophakia Drug: Bromfenac Drug: Nepafenac Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Two topical NSAIDs currently approved for postoperative treatment of pain and inflammation in cataract surgery are bromfenac 0.09% and nepafenac 0.1%. Both purport to treat ocular inflammation by acting as a potent inhibitor of COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes. Clinical studies to date lack clarity on which topical NSAID may be the most efficacious.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Outcomes of Bromday (Bromfenac Ophthalmic Solution) 0.09% QD vs. Nevanac (Nepafenac Ophthalmic Suspension) 0.1% TID for Treatment of Ocular Inflammation Associated With Cataract Surgery
Study Start Date : November 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cataract

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Bromday
Patients receiving Bromday self-administered one drop of bromfenac 0.09% daily as a topical ophthalmic drop three days prior to cataract surgery, on the day of cataract surgery and 21 days post operatively.
Drug: Bromfenac
bromfenac 0.9% QD starting 3 days prior to cataract surgery, on the day of surgery and for up to 45 days after surgery
Other Name: Bromday (bromfenac ophthalmic solution) 0.9%

Active Comparator: Nevanac
Patients in this arm self-administered nepafenac topical ophthalmic drops three times daily beginning 3 days prior to cataract surgery, on the day of surgery and for 21 days postoperatively in addition to usual cataract procedure.
Drug: Nepafenac
nepafenac ophthalmic suspension 0.1% TID dosed 3 days prior to cataract surgery, on the day of surgery, and for up to 45 days after surgery
Other Name: Nevanac (nepafenac ophthamic suspension) 0.1%

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) Visual Acuities [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    ETDRs visual acuities measured at week 6 following uncomplicated phacoemulsification (phaco). ETDRS charts are a standardized eye chart for visual acuity testing accepted by the National Eye Institute and the Food and Drug Administration. The scale is 30-90 letters with higher numbers signifying improved visual acuities.

  2. Summed Ocular Inflammation Score (SOIS) [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    An assessment of the cells and flare, signs of inflammation in ocular tissue. SOIS (summed ocular inflammation) = cells in the anterior chamber/1mmx1mm high powered field+flare/1mmx1mm high powered field. The score of the number of cells in the anterior chamber per 1mmx1mm high powered field ranges from 0-4: 0=no cells, 1=1-5 cell, 2=6-15 cells, 3=16-30 cells, 4>=30 cells.Flare scores range from 0-3:(0=none, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe). Cell+flare are added together (cell score + flare score=SOIS score) for a SOIS score (minimum score=0 and maximal score of 7). Higher numbers would indicate more inflammation.The SOIS scale could range from 0-7 with 0 indicating no cells, no flare and 7 reflecting maximal cell 4(>30 cell/high powered field +3 (severe flare).

  3. OCT Retinal Thickness [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    Stratus OCT scan retinal thickness/volume tabular output report. An experienced ophthalmic technician obtained two scan patterns. The first was the fast macular thickness using 6 radial line scans through a common central axis (fovea) with a retinal thickness/volume tabular output and a retinal-thickness output report. Central retinal thickness was defined as the distance between the inner limiting membrane of the retina and the inner border of the choriocapillaris in the central 1 mm area of the minimum 7 mm posterior pole scan. All scans were reviewed by the principal investigator for quality of foveal centration and signal strength. Macular volume is an objective indicator of macualr swelling and can illustrate the amount of inflammation following surgery. Only the study eye was assessed.

  4. Macular Volume [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Stratus OCT by experienced technician. Reviewed by principal investigator for quality of foveal centration and signal strength

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Are male or female at least 18 years of age who are scheduled for unilateral cataract surgery (phacoemulsification or extracapsular) with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation and for whom no other ophthalmic surgical procedures (e.g., relaxing incisions, iridectomy, conjunctival excisions, etc) are to be conducted during the cataract surgery.
  • Agree not to have any other ocular surgical procedures in the study or fellow (non study) eye within 15 days prior to the initiation of dosing with the test article or throughout the duration of the study.
  • Have a Best Corrected Visual Acuity of 20/200 or better in either eye.
  • If a woman capable of becoming pregnant, agree to have urine pregnancy testing performed at screening (must be negative) and agree to use a medically acceptable form of birth control throughout the study duration and for at least one week prior to and after completion of the study. Women considered capable of becoming pregnant include all females who have experienced menarche and who have not experienced menopause (as defined by amenorrhea for greater than 12 consecutive months) or have not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy).
  • Have IOP ≥ 5 mmHg and ≤ 22 mmHg (in study eye) with or without anti glaucoma therapy at the pre operative screening visit (if >22 mmHg, adjust following pachymetry).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have known hypersensitivity to bromfenac or Nepafenac or to any component of the test article (including "procedural" medications such as anesthetic and/or fluorescein drops, dilating drops, etc.).
  • Have a known hypersensitivity to salicylates (i.e., aspirin) or to other non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  • Have intraocular inflammation (i.e., cells or flare in the anterior chamber as measured on slit lamp examination) in the study eye at the screening visit.
  • Have a known blood dyscrasia or bone marrow suppression, a diagnosis of uncontrolled/unstable peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel disease, or ulcerative colitis, or any uncontrolled/unstable pulmonary, cardiac, vascular, autoimmune, hepatic, renal, or central nervous system disease.
  • Have used ocular, topical, or systemic NSAIDs or ocular, topical, or systemic gentamicin, or cyclosporine ophthalmic emulsion within 7 days prior to initiation of dosing with the test article or throughout the duration of the study.
  • Have used any ocular prostaglandins within 30 days prior to initiation of dosing with the test article or throughout the duration of the study.
  • Have active corneal pathology noted in the study eye at the screening visit. Active corneal pathology is defined as corneal pathology that is non stable, or greater than mild, or will compromise assessment of the safety or efficacy of treatment. Superficial punctate keratitis in the study eye is a criterion for exclusion.
  • Have used topical, ocular, inhaled or systemic steroids within 14 days prior to screening.
  • Have had radial keratotomy, corneal transplant, or corneal refractive surgery in the study eye within the last two years.
  • Are pregnant or nursing/lactating.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01310127

Sponsors and Collaborators
Toyos Clinic
Bausch & Lomb Incorporated
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Principal Investigator: Melissa Cable, MD Discover Vision Centers
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Responsible Party: Melissa Toyos, Principal Inevstigator, Toyos Clinic Identifier: NCT01310127    
Other Study ID Numbers: MAC-02-11
First Posted: March 8, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 26, 2013
Last Update Posted: October 28, 2020
Last Verified: October 2020
Keywords provided by Melissa Toyos, Toyos Clinic:
Ocular Inflammation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pathologic Processes
Ophthalmic Solutions
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents