The Effect on Overall Mortality of a National Policy of Limiting Measles Vaccination to Children Below 12 Months of Age (MVEPI)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01306006|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 1, 2011
Last Update Posted : May 5, 2021
The national Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) in Guinea-Bissau focuses its efforts exclusively on children below 12 months of age; children who have reached 12 months of age are no longer entitled to vaccines through the EPI program. This has affected the measles vaccination coverage, approx. 30% of the children in the rural area do not receive measles vaccine (MV).
Studies from the Bandim Health Project (BHP) have shown that MV has a profound impact on survival, reducing mortality by approximately 50% - far more than can be explained by prevention of measles deaths. Hence, MV seems to have non-specific beneficial effects on survival, and the current policy may have important consequences for overall child mortality.
To test the implications of the current policy of only vaccinating children below 12 months of age, the investigators will conduct a cluster randomized trial, in which children will receive their vaccines according to the current national EPI policy (National policy) or receive MV regardless of age and whether some doses of MV may be lost (MV-for-all policy).
The investigators hypothesise that among children enrolled after 12 months of age, mortality is 50% lower in children randomised to receive MV compared with children randomised to follow the national policy and not receive MV.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Mortality Vaccines||Biological: Providing measles vaccine for all children 9-35 months who have not yet received a routine measles vaccine||Phase 4|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||3500 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||The Effect on Overall Mortality of a National Policy of Limiting Measles Vaccination to Children Below 12 Months of Age|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 2011|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 2, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 2, 2017|
Active Comparator: MV-for-all
Measles vaccine provided to all children aged 9 months -3 years of age
Biological: Providing measles vaccine for all children 9-35 months who have not yet received a routine measles vaccine
Normal measles vaccines licensed for distribution through the national EPI program
No Intervention: National policy
Measles vaccine provided to children aged 9-11 months, if there are sufficient children to open a measles vaccine vial.
- Hospital morbidity
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01306006
|Bandim Health Project|