School Intervention With Daily Physical Activity and Healthy Food for Students With an Intellectual Disability.
|Weight Loss Food Habits Mental Retardation||Behavioral: Healthier, Smarter, Happier|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Lifestyle Related Health and Health Promoting Activities for Youths With Intellectual Disabilities|
- Decrease in cardio metabolic risk factors [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
At baseline and after 2 years of intervention; height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure was measured. In addition fasting blood samples of total cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting glucose and insulin. Absorptiometry photos (DXA) for body composition.
Postintervention measures in addition compared to a controlgroup. Cross sectional data on all school students of all above mentioned variables and also cholesterol as HDL and LDL compared to a control group.
- Increase in physical fitness [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
At baseline and after 2 years of intervention a submaximal ergometer bicycle test. Postintervention measures in addition compared to a controlgroup.
Cross sectional data on all school students from accelerometer, actiwatch, for frequency, intensity and level of physical activity compared to a control group.
- Increased vegetable intake [ Time Frame: at least 1 year ]To measure if the special plate made students take 37,5% vegetables or more as is the vegetable field on the plate.Effect of the specially designed plate according the plate-model evaluates in an observational study with videorecording and photos of a self served lunchportion on an ordinary plate in an experimental situation.
|Study Start Date:||March 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Healthy lifestyle habits
Increased physical activity and healthy food with decreased sugar and fat content
Behavioral: Healthier, Smarter, Happier
Increased physical activity and decreased sugar and fat intake during school hours
Youth with an intellectual disability are reported more sedentary and more often overweight than non intellectual disability youth. Cardio metabolic risk factors are observed more frequent and at an earlier age among young people with intellectual disability. The school reaches all students and they spend the main part of their day in the school milieu hence examples of healthy lifestyle can be provided there.
This intervention increased physical activity with daily scheduled physical activity. At least one lesson each week was at the gym. Food provided in the school environment was considered from content of sugar and fat and ónly healthy food choices was available at school. This included all school activities, both in the school area and on school activities out in the community. It included home economic lessons as well as the school cafeterias supply and school lunch content.
To increase vegetable intake a special designed plate was used for lunch according the "plate model". In addition, the plate model was one theme during art class.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01291238
|Karolinska Institutet, Department of clinical science, intervention and technology. Division of pediatrics, B62|
|Stockholm, Sweden, SE-141 86|
|Principal Investigator:||Claude Marcus, Professor||Karolinska Institutet|