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Dexmedetomidine on Postoperative Delirium and Quality of Recovery in Geriatric Patients

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified November 2013 by Wei Mei, Huazhong University of Science and Technology.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01283412
First Posted: January 26, 2011
Last Update Posted: November 20, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wei Mei, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  Purpose
Postoperative agitation (hyperactive delirium) is common following major surgery(incidence was about 20% in our pilot study). Dexmedetomidine was related to a reduced delirium rate when comparing with midazolam in many clinical settings. It is not clear if dexmedetomidine is useful on reducing postoperative delirium. The hypothesis of present study: intraoperative application of dexmedetomidine (0.2ug/kg/h) is is effective (50% reduce) than placebo for reducing of early postoperative delirium and increase postoperative quality of recovery within 24 postoperative hours.

Condition Intervention Phase
Delirium, Postoperative Drug: Placebo Drug: Dexmedetomidine Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intraoperative Application of Dexmedetomidine on the Incidence of Postoperative Delirium and Quality of Recovery in Geriatric Patients Undergoing Major Surgery

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Wei Mei, Huazhong University of Science and Technology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Postoperative delirium [ Time Frame: every 8 hours within 24 postoperative hours ]
    Postoperative delirium was determined by Nu-DESC every 8 hours within 24 postoperative hours


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Length of PACU stay [ Time Frame: during PACU stay ]
    Length of PACU stay (min)

  • hemodynamic parameters [ Time Frame: every 5min during operation and every 15min during PACU stay ]
    Heart frequency, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure

  • incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting [ Time Frame: 24 postoperative hours ]
    incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting

  • quality of recovery determined by QOR40 and Postoperative Quality Recovery Scale (PQRS) [ Time Frame: 24 postoperative hours ]
    quality of recovery determined by QOR40 and Postoperative Quality Recovery Scale (PQRS)

  • Postoperative delirium [ Time Frame: 1st, 2nd, 3rd postoperative days ]
    Postoperative delirium was determined by Nu-DESC every 8 hours within 24 postoperative hours

  • Postoperative Stroke [ Time Frame: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 7th postoperative days ]
    Postoperative Stroke will be determined by National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS score).


Estimated Enrollment: 500
Study Start Date: June 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm P
Placebo infusion
Drug: Placebo
Placebo (saline) iv. during the operation and stoped 30min before end of the surgery
Experimental: Arm D
Dexmedetomidine infusion
Drug: Dexmedetomidine
Dexmedetomidine 0.1~0.2ug/kg/h iv. during the operation, and stoped 30min before end of surgery

Detailed Description:
After approval from the Institute's Ethics Committee, this study was conducted at Tongji Hospital, a general university teaching hospital with 2500 beds in Wuhan, China.The study consisted of adult patients, American Society of Anaesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA-PS) I-III, undergoing selective major surgery under general anesthesia. All the patients were randomly assigned to receive dexmedetomidine or placebo during the operation. The primary outcome measure was postoperative delirium assessed by Nursing Delirium Screening Scale (Nu-DESC) every 8 hours within 24 postoperative hours. The secondary outcome was length of postanesthesia care unit (PACU) stay,postoperative hospital length of stay, hemodynamic parameters, the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting, and quality of recovery determined by quality of recovery (QOR40; maximum score 200)and Post-operative Quality Recovery Scale (PQRS) in the first 24 h after surgery.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ASA physical status class I-III
  • Aged 60 years or above
  • Elective major surgery under general anesthesia

Exclusion Criteria:

  • ASA-PS>=IV
  • Aged under 60 yr old
  • Body mass index (BMI) >30
  • Neurologic disease
  • Cardiac surgery and neurologic surgery
  • Anticonvulsant drugs
  • Chronic analgesics intake
  • Participating in the investigation of another study
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01283412


Contacts
Contact: Wei Mei, M.D. 00862783663173 wmei@tjh.tjmu.edu.cn
Contact: Yuke Tian, M.D. 00862783663173 yktian@tjh.tjmu.edu.cn

Locations
China, Hubei
Department of Anaesthesiology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology Recruiting
Wuhan, Hubei, China, 430030
Contact: Wei Mei, M.D.    00862783663173    wmei@tjh.tjmu.edu.cn   
Contact: Yuke Tian, M.D.    00862783663173    yktian@tjh.tjmu.edu.cn   
Principal Investigator: Wei Mei, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Investigators
Study Chair: Yuke Tian, M.D. Department of Anaesthesiology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Study Director: Chuanhan Zhang, MD. Department of Anaesthesiology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  More Information

Responsible Party: Wei Mei, Associate Professor, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01283412     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TIHMZK02004
First Submitted: January 24, 2011
First Posted: January 26, 2011
Last Update Posted: November 20, 2013
Last Verified: November 2013

Keywords provided by Wei Mei, Huazhong University of Science and Technology:
Delirium
Dexmedetomidine
Adult Patients
Elective Major Surgery
General Anesthesia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Delirium
Confusion
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Dexmedetomidine
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action