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A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of NuvaRing® to Prevent Pregnancies in Chinese Women (P06450)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01277211
First Posted: January 14, 2011
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  Purpose
This is a study to assess the effectiveness of NuvaRing® (SCH 900702) for the prevention of pregnancy in fertile Chinese women. The acceptability and safety of NuvaRing® will also be assessed and compared with that of Yasmin.

Condition Intervention Phase
Contraception Drug: ENG 120 µg + EE 15 µg intravaginal ring Drug: DRSP 3 mg + EE 30 µg Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Open-Label, Controlled, Multi-Center Trial to Evaluate the Contraceptive Efficacy, Cycle Control, Safety and Acceptability of NuvaRing® (SCH 900702) in Chinese Women

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pearl Index, by Treatment Group [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Primary Efficacy Outcome measure for this study was contraceptive efficacy, or the prevention of in-treatment pregnancy. The total incidence of in-treatment pregnancies was expressed as the Pearl Index, which is defined as the number of in-treatment pregnancies per 100 woman-years of exposure (one woman-year defined as a period of 365.25 days).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Intermenstrual (Breakthrough) Bleeding/Spotting, by Cycle [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Participants kept diaries to record vaginal bleeding events. They were asked to record, on a daily basis, whether they experienced vaginal bleeding, which included BLEEDING or SPOTTING, at any time during a cycle other than normal menstruation while in the study. (This is also known as "breakthough" bleeding.) Vaginal bleeding that required >=2 pads/tampons per day was classified as BLEEDING. Vaginal bleeding that required <=1 pad/tampon per day was classified as SPOTTING.

  • Percentage of Participants With Absence of Withdrawal Bleeding, by Cycle [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Participants kept diaries to record vaginal bleeding events. They were asked to record, on a daily basis, whether vaginal bleeding was present. Absence of withdrawal bleeding was defined as no bleeding/spotting during the expected bleeding period.


Enrollment: 983
Actual Study Start Date: September 19, 2011
Study Completion Date: September 18, 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 18, 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: ENG-EE (NuvaRing)
Participants were to complete 13 cycles of etonogestrel (ENG) and ethinylestradiol (EE) use. Each cycle was 28 days, with a 21-day active treatment period followed by a 7-day ring-free period. Participants used one ring per cycle. Each ring contained 11.7 mg ENG and 2.7 mg EE, and released on average 120 mcg/day of ENG and 15 mcg/day of EE.
Drug: ENG 120 µg + EE 15 µg intravaginal ring
13 cycles of ENG-EE (NuvaRing) vaginal ring use. Each cycle 28 days, with a 21-day active treatment period followed by 7-day ring-free period. One ring per cycle, each ring containing 11.7 mg ENG and 2.7 mg EE, and releasing on average 120 mcg/day of ENG and 15 mcg/day of EE.
Other Name: NuvaRing
Active Comparator: DRSP-EE
Participants were to complete 13 cycles of drospirenone (DRSP) and ethinylestradiol (EE) use. Each cycle was 28 days, with a 21-day active treatment period followed by a 7-day tablet-free period. Participants received a total of 21 tablets of DRSP-EE per cycle. Each tablet contained 3 mg DRSP and 30 μg EE.
Drug: DRSP 3 mg + EE 30 µg
13 cycles of DRSP-EE tablet use. Each cycle 28 days, with a 21-day active treatment period followed by a 7-day tablet-free period. Participants received total of 21 tablets per cycle, each tablet contained 3 mg DRSP and 30 μg EE.
Other Name: Yasmin

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this study is to assess the contraceptive efficacy of NuvaRing in fertile Chinese women; to assess vaginal bleeding pattern (cycle control), general safety, and acceptability of NuvaRing; and to evaluate the NuvaRing's effect on dysmenorrhea.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Sexually active Chinese women, at risk for pregnancy and not planning to use condoms during trial medication use
  • Women in need for contraception and willing to use a hormonal contraceptive method for 13 cycles
  • Body mass index ≥18 and ≤29 kg/m^2

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contraindications for contraceptive steroids
  • Abnormal cervical smear corresponding to indeterminate changes at screening
  • Clinically relevant abnormal laboratory result at screening as judged by the investigator.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01277211


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  More Information

Publications:
Study Data/Documents: CSR Synopsis  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01277211     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P06450
First Submitted: January 12, 2011
First Posted: January 14, 2011
Results First Submitted: September 8, 2014
Results First Posted: September 15, 2014
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

http://www.merck.com/clinical-trials/pdf/Merck%20Procedure%20on%20Clinical%20Trial%20Data%20Access%20Final_Updated%20July_9_2014.pdf

http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php


Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Contraception
NuvaRing

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ethinyl Estradiol
Desogestrel
Estrogens
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic
Contraceptives, Oral
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Contraceptive Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Progestins