Improvement of the Health-related Quality of Life of Patients With Fibromyalgia Using Multidisciplinary Treatment
Behavioral: Interdisciplinary treatment
Behavioral: Interdisciplinary treatment of fibromyalgia
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Improvement of the Health-related Quality of Life of Patients With Fibromyalgia Using Multidisciplinary Treatment|
- Health-related quality of life among patients with fibromyalgia (FIQ: Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Fibromyalgia patients completed the FIQ at baseline and again 6 months after the interdisciplinary intervention.
- Anxiety and depressive symptoms (HADS: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Patients with fibromyalgia completed the HADS at baseline and again 6 months after the intervention
|Study Start Date:||February 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Interdisciplinary treatment||
Behavioral: Interdisciplinary treatment
The Experimental Group received 6 weeks of interdisciplinary treatment of fibromyalgia combining coordinated psychological, medical, educational, and physiotherapeutic interventions delivered by a team that included a physician, a psychologist, and a physiotherapist.Patients in the EG were divided into groups of 12 individuals. Each attended biweekly group sessions of 1 hour and 45 minutes, for a total of 12 sessions. One session included 1 hour with the psychologist and 45 minutes of educational activities with the physician and psychologist, while the other session included 1 hour with the psychologist and 45 minutes with the physiotherapist.
Other Name: Interdisciplinary treatment of fibromyalgiaBehavioral: Interdisciplinary treatment of fibromyalgia
The Control Group received the usual standard of care, which included pharmacologic treatment with a tricyclic antidepressant (amitriptyline, maximum dose of 75 mg/24h), an analgesic (paracetamol, maximum dose of 4 grams/24h), and a non-opioid central analgesic (tramadol, maximum dose of 400 mg/24h). The Experimental Group (EG) received 6 weeks of interdisciplinary treatment combining coordinated PSYchological, Medical, Educational, and PHYsiotherapeutic interventions (PSYMEPHY) delivered by a team that included a physician, a psychologist, and a physiotherapist. Patients in the EG were divided into groups of 12 individuals. Each attended biweekly group sessions of 1 hour and 45 minutes, for a total of 12 sessions.
|No Intervention: Usual treatment|
Fibromyalgia (FM) is the most common cause of diffuse pain in the bones and joints, with a prevalence in general adult populations estimated at between 0.7% and 3.3%. In Spain, the prevalence of FM is 2-3%; it affects mainly women, with new diagnoses peaking between the ages of 40 and 49 years. In certain populations, however, the prevalence may be much higher, as in 15% of patients referred from internal medicine units or 12% of patients referred to rheumatology specialists in Spain.
Fibromyalgia produces various degrees of disability and pain. It also has a clear impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Burckhardt et al. observed lower HRQoL among patients with fibromyalgia than among healthy subjects. Indeed, the HRQoL for those with FM was similar to that of patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Among patients with non-cancer chronic pain referred to the pain management unit at our institution, those with bone and joint pain and with FM had the worst progress 6 months after diagnosis as measured by HRQoL.
The characteristics of FM, such as its complex and unknown etiology, wide range of symptoms and signs, and multiple comorbidities make identifying effective therapies particularly difficult. As a result, no consensus yet exists regarding the best therapeutic approaches, and treatment of FM presents a challenge for clinicians. Clinical research suggests that pharmacologic treatment alone is not the best approach for FM, and that an integrated biopsychosocial approach that includes non-pharmacologic therapies along with pharmacologic therapies improves outcomes in these patients.
In our hospital, between 5% and 10% of patients newly diagnosed with FM are referred to the pain management unit. We established a clinical trial in this population to assess improvement in HRQoL following 6 months of interdisciplinary treatment compared to the usual treatment, as well as to identify predictors for improvement in HRQoL.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01266733
|Galdakao, Bizkaia, Spain, 48960|
|Principal Investigator:||Fernando Torre, Doctor||Hospital Galdakao-Usansolo (Bizkaia) Spain|