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Effect of CYP2C9/CYP2C19 Polymorphism on Pharmacokinetics of Phenobarbital in Korean Neonatal Seizure Patients.

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yonsei University Identifier:
First received: October 19, 2010
Last updated: January 26, 2012
Last verified: January 2012
The pharmacogenomic profiles of drug metabolizing enzymes play an important role in pharmacokinetics (PK) of drugs. Phenobarbital (PB), worldwidely used for neonatal seizure, is a drug that requires careful dose adjustments based on therapeutic drug monitoring. It was reported that phenobarbital (PB) metabolism was affected by CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 polymorphisms in adults. This study aims to evaluate the effects of the CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 genetic polymorphisms on PB PK in infants with neonatal seizure for an optimal dosing strategy.

Condition Intervention
Neonatal Seizure
Drug: Phenobarbital

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: Effect of CYP2C9/CYP2C19 Polymorphism on Pharmacokinetics of Phenobarbital in Korean Neonatal Seizure Patients.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Yonsei University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • pb drug concentration [ Time Frame: 48 hours after administering phenobarbital ]
    pb drug concentration, CYP2C9/CYP2C19 polymorphism

Enrollment: 52
Study Start Date: May 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2010
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Phenobarbital
    phenobarbital 20mg/kg iv infusion, after 24hours of loading, 2.5mg/kg bid daily

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 1 Year   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Infant treated by phenobarbital monotherapy, diagnosed neonatal seizure
  • Infant taken the drug concentration one more time
  • given the informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • progressed CNS disorder
  • severe systemic illness
  • GOT/GPT level more than 2times of normal value,more than 3times elevation of BUN/creatinine level
  • congenital hemolytic anemia
  • genetic disorder
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No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Responsible Party: Yonsei University Identifier: NCT01224457     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4-2008-0029
Study First Received: October 19, 2010
Last Updated: January 26, 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
GABA Modulators
GABA Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6 Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inducers processed this record on April 26, 2017