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Tandem Auto-Allo Transplant for Lymphoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yi-Bin A. Chen, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01181271
First received: August 12, 2010
Last updated: January 19, 2017
Last verified: January 2017
  Purpose
Relapse remains a principle cause of treatment failure for patients with aggressive lymphoma after autologous transplantation. Non-myeloablative allogeneic transplantation allows patients to receive an infusion of donor cells in an attempt to induce a graft versus lymphoma effect. This study will assess the feasibility, safety and efficacy of the combination of autologous stem cell transplantation followed by non-myeloablative transplantation for patients with poor-risk aggressive lymphoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Diffuse, Large B-Cell, Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Low-Grade
T-Cell Lymphoma
Mantle-Cell Lymphoma
Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Lymphoma, Small Lymphocytic
Drug: Busulfan (conditioning for AUTO transplant)
Drug: Etoposide (conditioning for AUTO transplant)
Drug: Cyclophosphamide (conditioning for AUTO transplant)
Drug: Mesna (prior to AUTO transplant)
Other: autologous (auto) peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Drug: Neupogen
Drug: Fludarabine (conditioning for ALLO Transplant)
Drug: Busulfan (conditioning for ALLO Transplant)
Other: non-myeloablative allogeneic (allo) transplant
Drug: Tacrolimus
Drug: Sirolimus
Drug: Methotrexate
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Sequential Myeloablative Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation Followed by Allogeneic Non-Myeloablative Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Poor Risk Lymphomas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Peripheral Blood All-cell Donor Chimerism [ Time Frame: 100 days post allogeneic transplant ]
    Successful donor stem cell engraftment is defined as when ≥ 80% of hematopoietic elements are donor-derived as determined by chimerism assays from peripheral blood at day 100 after non-myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Days After Allogeneic Transplant Until Absolute Neutrophil Count Was Equal to or Greater Than 500/uL [ Time Frame: within 28 days after allogeneic transplant ]
  • Cumulative Incidence of Grades II to IV Acute Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) [ Time Frame: within 200 days after allogeneic transplant ]
    Grade I GVHD is characterized as mild disease, grade II GVHD as moderate, grade III as severe, and grade IV life-threatening.

  • Cumulative Incidence of Extensive Chronic Graft-versus-host-disease [ Time Frame: 1-year after allogeneic transplant ]
    Extensive chronic graft versus-host-disease (GVHD) was defined as GVHD that required systemic immunosuppression.

  • Cumulative Incidence of Non-relapse Mortality [ Time Frame: 2-years after allogeneic transplant ]
    Non-relapse mortality is defined as participants who die from causes other than their underlying disease relapse, such as infection or graft versus host disease

  • Cumulative Incidence of Disease Relapse [ Time Frame: 2-years after allogeneic transplant ]
  • Estimated Two Year Progression Free Survival Rate for Participants Undergoing Both Autologous and Allogeneic Transplants [ Time Frame: 2 years after allogeneic transplant ]
  • Estimated Two Year Overall Survival Rate for Participants Undergoing Both Autologous and Allogeneic Transplants [ Time Frame: Two-years after Allogeneic Transplant ]
  • Estimated Two Year Progression Free Survival Rate for All Participants [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Estimated Two Year Overall Survival Rate for All Participants [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Estimated Two Year Progression Free Survival Rate for Participants Undergoing Only Autologous Transplant [ Time Frame: Two Years ]
  • Estimated Two Year Overall Survival Rate for Participants Undergoing Only Autologous Transplant [ Time Frame: two years ]

Enrollment: 42
Study Start Date: August 2010
Study Completion Date: February 2016
Primary Completion Date: February 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Autologous then Allogeneic transplant

All patients will receive conditioning with busulfan, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide (with mesna) and then will undergo autologous (auto) peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.

Patients will be re-evaluated after autologous transplant prior to proceeding to non-myeloablative allogeneic (allo) transplant. If eligible to proceed, allogenic transplantation will take place no earlier than 40 days and no later than 180 days after autologous stem cell transplantation.

Conditioning for the allogeneic transplant will consist of fludarabine and busulfan. Participants will receive tacrolimus and sirolimus as prophylaxis against graft versus host disease (GVHD).

Drug: Busulfan (conditioning for AUTO transplant)
0.8 mg/kg intravenous (IV) bolus every six hours (Q6H) on days -8,-7,-6,-5 (total of 14 doses). The total daily dose of busulfan will be 3.2 mg/kg on days -8,-7, and -6 and 1.6 mg/kg on day -5
Other Name: Busulfex
Drug: Etoposide (conditioning for AUTO transplant)
Etoposide 30 mg/kg IV bolus every day (QD) on day -4. The total daily dose of etoposide will be 30 mg/kg.
Other Name: VP-16
Drug: Cyclophosphamide (conditioning for AUTO transplant)
Cyclophosphamide 60 mg/kg IV bolus QD on days -3 and -2. The total daily dose of cyclophosphamide will be 60 mg/kg.
Other Name: Cytoxan
Drug: Mesna (prior to AUTO transplant)
Mesna 15 mg/kg IV bolus on days -3 and -2 infused over 15 minutes and given 15 minutes prior to cyclophosphamide administration. This is followed by Mesna given 15 mg/kg IV bolus three times daily (TID) on days -3 and -2 infused over 15 minutes at 3, 6, and 9 hours after completion of cyclophosphamide infusion. Total daily dose of Mesna should be equivalent to daily dose of cyclophosphamide. Lastly, Mesna will be given at 15 mg/kg IV bolus QD on day -1. This makes a total of 9 doses of Mesna
Other: autologous (auto) peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Infusion of autologous peripheral blood stem cells on Day 0.
Drug: Neupogen
Neupogen 5 mcg/kg subcutaneous (SQ) daily starting on day +1 until absolute neutrophil count (ANC) is greater than or equal to 1000 per micro liter on two separate occasions or greater than 5000 per micro liter once
Other Name: G-CSF
Drug: Fludarabine (conditioning for ALLO Transplant)
Fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day will be administered as a bolus infusion over approximately 30 minutes for 4 days on days -5, -4, -3, -2.
Other Name: Fludara
Drug: Busulfan (conditioning for ALLO Transplant)
Busulfan will be administered by IV infusion over approximately 3 hours on days -5, -4, -3, -2. The dose of busulfan will be 0.8 mg/kg/day
Other Name: Busulfex
Other: non-myeloablative allogeneic (allo) transplant
Donor peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) will be infused intravenously beginning on Day 0. The minimum total CD34+ cell dose will be 2 x 10^6 CD34+cells/kg of recipient's actual body weight with a maximum dose of 8 x 10^6/kg of recipient's actual body weight
Drug: Tacrolimus
Tacrolimus (FK506) will be given orally at a dose of 0.05 mg/kg orally (PO) twice a day (BID) starting day -3.
Other Name: FK506
Drug: Sirolimus
Sirolimus (rapamycin) will be given orally at a dose of 12 mg times one on day -3 and then the dose shall be 4 mg by mouth daily starting on day -2. The dose may then be adjusted according to serum levels at the discretion of the treating physician
Other Name: Rapamycin
Drug: Methotrexate
Methotrexate will be administered once daily on days 1, 3, and 6 as an IV bolus over 15 minutes at a dose of 5 mg/m2

Detailed Description:
This is a phase II clinical trial investigating the feasibility, and efficacy of sequential autologous stem cell transplant followed by non-myeloablative allogeneic transplant for patients with poor risk lymphoma. Patients will be enrolled onto the trial when eligible and undergo standard high-dose chemotherapy with the combination with busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide followed by autologous stem cell transplant. After recovery of counts and clinical status, patients will then proceed to non-myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant using a fully matched related or unrelated donor.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with high-risk diffuse large B cell or transformed low grade lymphoma defined as:

    • Residual disease after at least 6 cycles of anthracycline-based chemotherapy (with residual disease defined as persistent bone marrow involvement and/or persistent measurable lymph node or solid organ masses that are PET or gallium avid)
    • Progressive disease after at least 2 cycles of anthracycline-based chemotherapy
    • Patients with an initial complete response but subsequent relapse within 6 months after completion of anthracycline-based chemotherapy
  • Patients with any T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as defined as:

    • Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (ALK negative PTCL-U) including PTCL-NOS, HSGD (hepato-splenic gamma-delta TCL), AITL (angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma), EATL (enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma), ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma
    • Any T-cell histology (except LGL) with residual disease after at least 4 cycles of anthracycline-based chemotherapy (with residual disease defined as persistent bone marrow involvement and/or persistent measurable lymph node or solid organ masses that are PET or gallium avid)
  • Patients with mantle cell lymphoma at any time in therapy
  • Patients with "double-hit" lymphoma as characterized by the presence of concurrent overexpression of Bcl-2 and c-myc
  • Patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma that is

    • Refractory to first-line therapy and at least one second line chemotherapy regimen
    • Relapsed Hodgkin's lymphoma which is refractory to at least one salvage chemotherapy regimen.
  • Patients with CLL/SLL with 17p- cytogenetic abnormality
  • Age 18 years and greater
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Responsive disease to last therapy as determined by at least one of the following:

    • At least PR by Revised Response Criteria
    • At least PR by traditional Cheson Criteria
    • < 10% of overall cellularity involved with disease on bone marrow biopsy for patients with involvement of the bone marrow
  • Minimum of 2 x 106 CD34+ cells / kg already collected and frozen. These stem cells may have been collected from PBSC pheresis, bone marrow harvest, or the combination.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients will be re-evaluated after autologous transplant prior to proceeding to non-myeloablative transplant

  • Pregnancy
  • Evidence of HIV infection
  • Heart failure uncontrolled by medications or ejection fraction less than 45%
  • Active involvement of the CNS by lymphoma
  • Inability to provide informed consent
  • Previous autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplant
  • Creatinine greater than 2 gm/dL or 24 hour urine creatinine clearance < 50 cc/minute (does not have to satisfy both)
  • Total bilirubin greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal except when due to Gilbert's syndrome or hemolysis.
  • Transaminases greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal
  • FVC or DLCO of less than 50% of predicted (DLCO corrected for hemoglobin level)
  • Already known to not possess suitably HLA-matched related or unrelated donor

Eligibility to proceed to allogeneic transplant Cannot be admitted for allogeneic transplant earlier than 40 days and no later than 180 days after autologous stem cell transplant.

  • HLA identical (A, B, C and DR) related or unrelated donor available. HLA typing of class I loci (HLA- A, B, C) will be based on complement dependent cytotoxicity assay or PCR of sequence specific oligonucleotide primers (SSOP). Typing of HLA class II (DRB1) will be based on PCR of sequence specific oligonucleotide primers (SSOP).
  • No need for intravenous hydration in the previous 2 weeks
  • Resolved mucositis
  • Renal, cardiac, pulmonary, and hepatic function meet standard criteria for nonmyeloablative SCT as listed below:

    • Serum Cr < 2 gm/dL
    • LV ejection fraction > 30% and no uncontrolled symptoms of congestive heart failure
    • DLCO > 50% of predicted value (corrected for hemoglobin)
    • Transaminases < 5X the institution upper limit of normal
    • Bilirubin < 3X the institution upper limit of normal except when Gilbert's Syndrome or hemolysis is present
    • ECOG PS ≤ 2
  • No intravenous antimicrobials within 2 weeks
  • No evidence of progressive disease, defined as a 25% increase from nadir in the sum of the product of the diameters (SPD) of any lymph node previously identified as abnormal prior to autologous transplant or the appearance of any new lymph node greater than 1.5 cm in greatest diameter, new bone marrow involvement, or new solid organ nodule greater than 1 cm in diameter. This restaging study will be performed at least 28 days after the autologous transplant and within 60 days prior to admission for allogeneic transplant. Status of stable disease (SD) is acceptable to proceed to allogeneic transplant.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01181271

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Yi-Bin A Chen, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Yi-Bin A. Chen, MD, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01181271     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10-057
Study First Received: August 12, 2010
Results First Received: January 19, 2017
Last Updated: January 19, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:
Lymphoma
non-hodgkins lymphoma
Hodgkin's lymphoma
Hodgkin's disease
stem cell transplant
High-risk diffuse large B cell
Transformed low grade lymphoma
T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Mantle cell lymphoma at any time in therapy
"Double-hit" lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Hodgkin Disease
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Leukemia
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Tacrolimus
Fludarabine phosphate
Methotrexate
Cyclophosphamide
Sirolimus
Everolimus
Busulfan
Etoposide
Allopurinol
Fludarabine
Etoposide phosphate
Mesna
Immunosuppressive Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 25, 2017