We updated the design of this site on December 18, 2017. Learn more.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

GSAO in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors That Have Not Responded to Therapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01147029
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Sponsor Decision)
First Posted : June 22, 2010
Last Update Posted : May 1, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cancer Research UK

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: GSAO may stop the growth of solid tumors by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of GSAO in treating patients with advanced solid tumors that have not responded to therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: angiogenesis inhibitor GSAO Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Other: pharmacological study Procedure: dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging Phase 1

Detailed Description:



  • To determine the maximum-tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose of angiogenesis inhibitor GSAO in patients with advanced, refractory solid tumors.
  • To assess the safety and toxicity profile and dose-limiting toxicity of this drug in these patients.


  • To determine the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients.
  • To determine the pharmacodynamics of this drug in these patients.
  • To determine possible anti-tumor activity in patients treatment with this drug.


  • To further determine the pharmacodynamics of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study.

Patients receive angiogenesis inhibitor GSAO IV over 1 hour on days 1-5 and 8-12. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients showing clinical benefit (i.e., stable disease, partial response, or complete response) may receive 6 additional courses of treatment. Patients receive angiogenesis inhibitor GSAO IV over 1 hour on day -7 to obtain pharmacokinetics information of a single IV dose of the drug.

Patients also undergo dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic-resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) prior to, during, and after study to determine blood flow parameters.

Blood samples are collected periodically for pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and biomarker studies.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 28 days and then once a month thereafter.

Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 35 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Cancer Research UK Phase I Trial of 4-(N-(S-Glutathionylacetyl) Amino) Phenylarsenoxide (GSAO) Given as Daily Intravenous Infusions on Days 1-5 and 8-12 of a 21-Day Cycle, to Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors
Study Start Date : January 2008
Primary Completion Date : April 2012
Study Completion Date : April 2012

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose-limiting toxicity
  2. Causality of each adverse event and grading severity according to NCI CTCAE Version 3.0

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Relationship between pharmacokinetics and toxicity and/or markers of efficacy
  2. Changes in microvascular function using DCE-MRI
  3. Plasma and tumor levels of angiogenic factors and apoptosis markers
  4. Response (stable disease, partial response, or complete response) as determined by RECIST criteria
  5. Circulating endothelial cells and circulating endothelial progenitor cells as a marker of inhibition of angiogenesis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed advanced solid tumor

    • Refractory to conventional treatment or for which no conventional therapy exists
  • Disease assessable by DCE-MRI and should be of a size that can be adequately assessed by these techniques
  • No known primary brain tumors or brain metastases


  • WHO performance status 0-1
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
  • Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L
  • Neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min (uncorrected value)
  • Serum potassium and magnesium normal
  • No proteinuria > grade 1 either on 24-hour urine or on 2 consecutive dipsticks taken no less than 1 week apart
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception 4 weeks prior to, during, and for 6 months after completion of study therapy
  • Not at high medical risk due to non-malignant systemic disease, including active uncontrolled infection
  • No serologically positive hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or HIV
  • No concurrent congestive heart failure or prior NYHA class III-IV cardiac disease
  • None of the following medical conditions:

    • Angina (stable or severe, even if well controlled on medication)
    • Myocardial infarction in the past 2 months by ECG
    • Congestive cardiac failure
    • Arrhythmias, including any condition associated with QTc prolongation (e.g., Lange-Neilson syndrome or Romano Ward syndrome)
    • Evidence of ischemia
    • QTc > 480 msec
    • Other clinically significant abnormalities
  • No uncontrolled hypertension (defined as BP consistently greater than 160/100 mm Hg irrespective of medication)
  • No other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would not make the patient a good candidate for this clinical trial
  • No pacemakers
  • No metal fragments in the eyes or shrapnel or bullet injuries


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from all prior treatments (except for alopecia or certain grade 1 toxicities which, in the opinion of the investigator and Cancer Research UK, should not exclude the patient)
  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy (except for palliative reasons), endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, or chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas and mitomycin C)
  • At least 1 week since prior and no concurrent shellfish
  • At least 6 weeks since prior major surgery (including thoracic and/or abdominal surgery) and recovered
  • Concurrent luteinizing-hormone releasing-hormone (LHRH) analogues allowed for patients with castration-refractory prostate cancer provided the prostate-specific antigen level is rising
  • No prior heart or brain surgery
  • No concurrent drug known to prolong the QTc interval
  • No concurrent warfarin (1 mg for maintenance of a Hickman line is acceptable) or heparin (flushing of arterial lines, if necessary, is acceptable)
  • No concurrent naproxen (other NSAIDs are acceptable)
  • No concurrent prophylactic use of antiemetics during the first treatment

    • Domperidone and lorazepam must not be used as antiemetics
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy or investigational drugs

    • Concurrent bisphosphonates allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01147029

United Kingdom
Christie Hospital
Manchester, England, United Kingdom, M20 4BX
Churchill Hospital
Oxford, England, United Kingdom, OX3 7LJ
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cancer Research UK
Principal Investigator: Gordon Jayson, MD The Christie NHS Foundation Trust

Responsible Party: Cancer Research UK
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01147029     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000675271
First Posted: June 22, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 1, 2012
Last Verified: April 2012

Keywords provided by Cancer Research UK:
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents