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Effects of Tai Chi on Frailty in Elderly Adults

This study has been completed.
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hebrew Rehabilitation Center, Boston Identifier:
First received: May 18, 2010
Last updated: February 4, 2015
Last verified: February 2015
The aim of this study is determine the effects of Tai Chi exercise, as compared to an education-based control intervention, on cardiovascular and balance system function in older people at risk of developing frailty. We hypothesize that long-term Tai Chi training will improve specific nonlinear properties associated of cardiovascular and balance dynamics in this population.

Condition Intervention
Frailty Other: Tai Chi Other: Education-Control

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of Tai Chi on the Nonlinear Dynamics of Frailty in Elderly Adults

Further study details as provided by Hebrew Rehabilitation Center, Boston:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Frailty Index [ Time Frame: post-intervention ]
    Frailty is defined as the combination of unintentional weight loss, exhaustion, low physical activity, slow walking speed, and muscular weakness.

Enrollment: 66
Study Start Date: September 2010
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Tai Chi group Other: Tai Chi
The Tai Chi intervention will consist of a 12 week, instructor-led, group-based Tai Chi training program (two, one-hour sessions per week).
Active Comparator: Educational Control group Other: Education-Control
The Education-Control intervention consists of a 12 week, instructor-led attention control program consisting of health education and mind-body breathing exercises (two, one-hour sessions per week)


Ages Eligible for Study:   70 Years and older   (Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women over age 70 will be included if they are able to stand and walk unassisted, are free of any acute or unstable medical conditions, and are able to understand directions and participate in the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Potential subjects will be excluded 1) if they cannot stand and ambulate unassisted, 2) are experiencing any symptomatic cardiovascular or respiratory disease, or have 3) a myocardial infarction or stroke within 6 months, 4) painful arthritis, spinal stenosis, amputation, painful foot lesions, or neuropathy that limits balance and mobility, 5) systolic BP above 160 or diastolic BP above 100 mm Hg, 6) a cardiac pacemaker, 7) Parkinson's Disease or other neuromuscular disorder, 8) metastatic cancer or immunosuppressive therapy, or 9) have significant visual impairment.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01126723

United States, Massachusetts
Hebrew Rehabilitation Center
Roslindale, Massachusetts, United States, 02131
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hebrew Rehabilitation Center, Boston
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Principal Investigator: Lewis Lipsitz, MD Hebrew Rehabilitation Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Hebrew Rehabilitation Center, Boston Identifier: NCT01126723     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10-005
R37AG025037 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: May 18, 2010
Results First Received: January 20, 2015
Last Updated: February 4, 2015 processed this record on September 21, 2017