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Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse in the Emergency Department (BIDMED)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Roland C. Merchant, MD. MPH, ScD, Rhode Island Hospital Identifier:
First received: May 10, 2010
Last updated: January 20, 2014
Last verified: January 2014

Although screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) approaches are effective in reducing alcohol misuse and its associated risk-taking behaviors and negative consequences, there is little research demonstrating the effectiveness of SBIRT for illicit and/or prescription drug misuse. Misusers of illicit and/or prescription drugs frequently seek medical care in emergency departments (EDs), particularly for reasons related to their misuse. As a result, the ED is well suited as a site to conduct an analysis of the effectiveness of SBIRT for this population.

The Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED) study is a randomized, controlled, trial that will include adult ED patients at a large, academic, trauma center (Rhode Island Hospital) and a community hospital (The Miriam Hospital) who have a subcritical illness or injury and whose screening indicates illicit and/or prescription drug misuse. BIDMED participants will be randomized to receive screening only (SO) or brief intervention (BI) with appropriate referral to treatment. Participants will complete a battery of blinded baseline assessments using standardized instruments as well as adapted instruments specific to the aims of this study. All participants will undergo blinded follow-up assessments at three, six, and twelve months post-randomization. The primary hypotheses addressed in the BIDMED study are that, compared to participants in the SO arm, participants in the BI arm will show a significantly greater reduction in: (1) drug misuse within the prior 30 days at three months post-randomization, (2) behaviors associated with drug misuse at six months post-randomization; and (3) negative physical health, psychosocial health, and socioeconomic consequences at twelve months post-randomization. As a secondary aim, the impact of BI compared to SO will be assessed on participants contacting, enrolling in, and completing a drug treatment program. In addition, the impact of BI compared to SO on increasing uptake of HIV and hepatitis B/C screening will be measured. A mechanisms of change model that addresses the expected mediators and moderators of change to explain the effects of SBIRT in this setting will also be developed and tested. Further, the epidemiology of illicit and/or prescription drug misuse will be assessed in a random sample of ED patients.

Condition Intervention Phase
Substance Abuse Detection
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C
Brief Intervention
HIV Infections
Behavioral: Brief motivational intervention
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Trial to Determine the Effect of a Brief Behavioral Intervention in Reducing Drug Misuse Among an Emergency Department Population

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Rhode Island Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Reduction in past 30 day drug misuse [ Time Frame: 12 months post-randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Reduction in behaviors associated with drug misuse [ Time Frame: 12 months post-randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Reduction negative physical health, psychosocial health, and socioeconomic consequences [ Time Frame: 12 months post-randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Uptake of HIV and hepatitis B/C screening [ Time Frame: 3 months post randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 1100
Study Start Date: June 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment
Assessment and brief intervention
Behavioral: Brief motivational intervention
two session delivered two weeks apart


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Self-report of illicit and/or prescription drug misuse in the past three-months. Presenting at the emergency department for medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

Not age appropriate, in custody, medically unstable, actively psychotic, suicidal


  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01124591

United States, Rhode Island
Rhode Island Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rhode Island Hospital
Principal Investigator: Roland C Merchant, MD; ScD Rhode Island Hospital
Principal Investigator: Ted Nirenberg, PhD Rhode Island Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided by Rhode Island Hospital

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Roland C. Merchant, MD. MPH, ScD, Attending Physician, Rhode Island Hospital Identifier: NCT01124591     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0113-09
Study First Received: May 10, 2010
Last Updated: January 20, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C
DNA Virus Infections
Digestive System Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Liver Diseases
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases processed this record on February 26, 2015