Venue-Based Couples CoOp in South Africa (Couples CoOp)
Couples who use alcohol and other drugs (AOD) in South Africa are at high risk for engaging in risky sex behavior within their relationships and with other sexual partners. In addition, high levels of gender-based violence (GBV) in the Cape Town area intersect with AOD abuse and sex behavior. All of these interconnections raise concern for the importance of HIV prevention strategies within or surrounding drinking venues, where many of these behaviors occur.
The specific aims of this study are as follows:
Aim 1. To characterize the types of drinking venues (e.g., licensure status, size, plumbing, type of alcohol provided), their immediate context (e.g., observed availability and use of other drugs, observable violence and sexual activity), and surrounding neighborhood characteristics (e.g., quality of streets, building structures, and availability of electricity and plumbing) in the sampled neighborhood blocks in several large Black/African and Coloured communities in Cape Town, South Africa.
Aim 2. To refine through qualitative methods the proposed interventions in relation to skills-building to address gender-role expectations, sexual partnering, gender and power, violence, and environments where drinking and sexual risk behaviors occur.
Aim 3. To conduct a randomized group trial to compare the relative efficacy of a comprehensive intervention (Condition 3: Enhanced Couples) to the gender-focused intervention (Condition 2: Gender) and to (Condition 1: Men's Control and Women's CoOp) on reducing alcohol and other drug (AOD) use, sexual risk behavior, and gender-based violence at 6 month follow-ups. Aim 4. To assess the mechanisms through which the intervention effects may occur (e.g., mediators involving self-efficacy and condom mastery, negotiation, and communication skills) and to identify groups for whom the interventions have the greatest effect (e.g., partner characteristics such as race, gender, and age and neighborhood factors such as poverty) on study outcomes of AOD use, sexual risk, and gender-based violence.
|Alcoholism HIV Infections||Behavioral: Couples Intervention Behavioral: Women's CoOp Behavioral: Women's CoOp and Men's Intervention||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Venue-Based Recruitment and HIV Prevention for Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) Using Couples in South Africa|
- Reduced alcohol use [ Time Frame: 6 month follow up ]
- reduced gender-based violence [ Time Frame: 6 month follow up ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: VCT/Women's CoOp||
Behavioral: Women's CoOp
The Women's CoOp is a gender-focused intervention discussing women's risk in relationship to HIV and also discusses issues of HIV with South African women including skills for violence prevention. During this intervention, participants will also demonstrate the proper use of male and female condoms on penile and vaginal models. They attend two half day workshops.
|Experimental: Women's CoOp/Men's CoOp||
Behavioral: Women's CoOp and Men's Intervention
The Men's CoOp is adapted from Men as Partners, the Women's CoOp and the Couples intervention and contain similar material with a concentration on gender roles and violence prevention. Men attend two half day workshops.
|Experimental: Couples CoOp||
Behavioral: Couples Intervention
The Couples intervention is a merged intervention of three interventions (Women CoOp, men as partners's and couples). Couples attend together for two half day workshops and work on exercises on communication and problem solving, including a commitment pledge of fidelity.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01121692
|Medical Research Council|
|Cape Town, South Africa|