An Efficacy and Safety Study of Prucalopride in Participants With Chronic Constipation (Resolor)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01116206
First received: May 3, 2010
Last updated: March 24, 2016
Last verified: March 2016
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of prucalopride to placebo (an inactive substance that is compared with a drug to test whether the drug has a real effect in a clinical trial) in treatment of participants with chronic (very serious, life threatening) constipation (decreased number of or difficulty making bowel [the intestine] movements).

Condition Intervention Phase
Constipation
Drug: Prucalopride
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Prucalopride (Resolor) Tablets in Participants With Chronic Constipation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With an Average of 3 or More Spontaneous Complete Bowel Movements (SCBMs) [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of responders (responders: participants with an average of 3 or more SCBMs per week) will be assessed during 12-week double-blind treatment phase (total treatment duration). SCBM is defined as a Spontaneous Bowel Movement (SBM) associated with a sense of complete evacuation. SBM is defined as a bowel movement (BM) that occurred in the absence of laxative, enema, or suppository used on either the calendar day of the BM or the calendar day before the BM. The total number of SBMs associated with a feeling of complete evacuation will be summed and divided by 12. Average weekly frequency of SCBMs will be calculated as number of SCBMs in treatment phase multiplied by 7 divided by total number of evaluable days in treatment phase.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With an Average of 3 or More SCBMs During the First 4 Weeks [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of responders (participants with an average of 3 or more SCBMs per week) will be assessed during first 4 weeks of 12-week double-blind treatment phase (total treatment duration). SCBM will be defined as a Spontaneous Bowel Movement (SBM) associated with a sense of complete evacuation. SBM is defined as a bowel movement (BM) that occurred in the absence of laxative, enema, or suppository used on either the calendar day of the BM or the calendar day before the BM. Average weekly frequency of SCBMs will be calculated as number of SCBMs in Week 1 to 4 multiplied by 7 divided by total number of evaluable days in Week 1 to 4.

  • Percentage of Participants With an Average Increase of 1 or More Bowel Movements (BMs) [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants with an average increase of 1 or more SCBMs per week as compared to the run-in phase (that is screening phase at Week Minus 2) will be assessed. SCBM is defined as SBM that is associated with a sense of complete evacuation. SBM is defined as a BM that occurred in the absence of laxative, enema, or suppository use on either the calendar day of the BM or the calendar day before the BM. Average weekly frequencies will be calculated as number of SCBMs in interval multiplied by 7 divided by total number of evaluable days in interval.

  • Percentage of Participants With an Average of 3 or More SCBMs During Weeks 5 to 8 and 9 to 12 [ Time Frame: Week 5 to Week 8 and Week 9 to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants with an average increase of 3 or more SCBMs per week will be assessed. SCBM is defined as SBM that is associated with a sense of complete evacuation. SBM is defined as a BM that occurred in the absence of laxative, enema, or suppository use on either the calendar day of the BM or the calendar day before the BM. Average weekly frequencies will be calculated as number of SCBMs in interval multiplied by 7 and divided by total number of evaluable days in interval.

  • Average Number of SCBMs [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An increase in the average number of SCBMs per week will be assessed during Weeks 1 to 12. SCBM will be defined as a SBM that is associated with a sense of complete evacuation. SBM is defined as a BM that occurred in the absence of laxative, enema, or suppository use on either the calendar day of the BM or the calendar day before the BM. Average weekly frequencies will be calculated as (number of SCBMs in interval * 7) / number of evaluable days in interval.

  • Average Number of Spontaneous Bowel Movements (SBMs) [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Average number of SBMs is assessed. SBM is defined as a BM that occurred in the absence of laxative, enema, or suppository use on either the calendar day of the BM or the calendar day before the BM. Average weekly frequencies will be calculated as (number of SBMs in interval * 7) / number of evaluable days in interval.

  • Average Number of all Bowel Movements (BMs) [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Average number of BMs will be assessed.BMs are spontaneous discharge of waste matterfrom the large intestine. Average weekly frequencies will be calculated as (number of BMs in interval * 7) / number of evaluable days in interval.

  • Time-to-First SCBM and Time-to-First Week With 3 or More SCBMs After the First Dose of the Study Drug [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    SCBM is defined as a SBM that is associated with a sense of complete evacuation. SBM is defined as a bowel movement BM that occurred in the absence of laxative, enema, or suppository use on either the calendar day of the BM or the calendar day before the BM. Average weekly frequencies will be calculated as (number of SCBMs in interval * 7) / number of evaluable days in interval.

  • Average Number of Bisacodyl Tablets [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Average number of bisacodyl tablets taken is determined. Bisacodyl 5, 10, or 15 milligram (mg) is used as rescue medication. Rescue medications are medicines that may be administered to the participants when the efficacy of the study drug is not satisfactory, or the effect of the study drug is too great and is likely to cause a hazard to the participant, or to manage an emergency situation. Average weekly frequencies will be calculated as (number of bisacodyl tablets in interval * 7) / number of evaluable days in interval.

  • Percentage of Participants With Zero, Less Than (<) 2 and Greater Than and Equal to (>=) 2 Tablets of Bisacodyl Taken [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Average number of bisacodyl tablets taken will be determined during 12-week double-blind treatment phase. Bisacodyl 5, 10, or 15 milligram (mg) will be used as rescue medication. Rescue medications are medicines that may be administered to the participants when the efficacy of the study drug is not satisfactory, or the effect of the study drug is too great and is likely to cause a hazard to the participant, or to manage an emergency situation. Average weekly frequencies will be calculated as (number of bisacodyl tablets in interval * 7) / number of evaluable days in interval.

  • Percentage of BMs With Normal Consistency [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of BM with normal consistency for each participant will be calculated by dividing number of BMs with normal consistency with total number of BMs in that participant multiplied by 100. Average of percentage of BM with normal consisitency for all participants have been reported. The consistency of each BM will be assessed using the 7-point Bristol Stool Scale: score ranging from 1 to 7,wherein 1=stool is separate hard lumps, like nuts (hard to pass); and 7=watery, no solid pieces, entirely liquid (passed easily). Score 3 and 4 indicates normal consistency.

  • Percentage of BMs With Less Straining [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of BM with less straining for each participant will be calculated by dividing number of BMs with less straining with total number of BMs in that participant multiplied by 100. Average of percentage of BM with less straining for all participants will be reported. Degree of straining is measured on a 5-point scale: 0=none, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe, 4=very severe. Less straining indicates none or mild degree of straining.

  • Percentage of BMs with a Sensation of Complete Evacuation [ Time Frame: Week 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of BM with a sensation of complete evacuation for each participant will be calculated by dividing number of BMs with a sensation of complete evacuation with total number of BMs in that participant multiplied by 100. Average of percentage of BM with a sensation of complete evacuation for all participants will be reported. Percentage of BMs with a sensation of complete evacuation will be calculated as (number of BMs with a sensation of complete evacuation in interval / [number of SCBMs or BMs with non - missing scores in interval] * 100%).

  • Participants Global Assessment on Consistency of Stool [ Time Frame: Week 2, 4, 8 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants Global Assessment on consistency of stool will be assessed with Types 1-2=constipation,Types 3-4= ideal stools and Types 5-7=further tending towards diarrhea or urgency based on Bristol Stool Scale. Bristol Stool Scale:1=stool is separate hard lumps, like nuts (hard to pass);2=stool is sausage-shaped but lumpy; 3=stool is like a sausage but with cracks on its surface; 4=stool is like a sausage or snake, smooth and soft; 5=stool is soft blobs with clear-cut edges (passed easily);6=fluffy pieces with ragged edges, mushy stool;7=watery, no solid pieces, entirely liquid (passed easily).

  • Participants Global Assessment on Severity of Constipation [ Time Frame: Week 2, Week 4, Week 8 and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants Global Assessmentof severity of constipation will be assessed using a 5-point scale ranging from 0 to 4: 0=absent (no constipation); 1=mild constipation; 2=moderate constipation; 3=severe constipation; 4=very severe constipation.

  • Participants Global Assessment on Efficacy of Treatment [ Time Frame: Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants global assessment on efficacy of treatment was assessed using a 5-point scale ranging from 0 to 5: 0=not at all effective; 1=a little bit effective; 2=moderately effective; 3=quite a bit effective; 4=extremely effective.

  • Investigator's Global Assessment on Efficacy of Treatment [ Time Frame: Week 4 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Investigator's Global Assessment on efficacy of treatment will be assessed using rating on a 5-point scale: 0=not at all effective; 1=a little bit effective; 2=moderately effective; 3=quite a bit effective; 4=extremely effective

  • Change From Baseline in Patient Assessment of Constipation-Symptom Questionnaire (PAC-SYM) Total Score at Week 2, 4, 8 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PAC-SYM is a 12-item participant self-administered instrument that measures the severity of constipation-related symptoms. Items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale, where 0=absent, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe, and 4=very severe. The PAC-SYM contains 3 subscales: stool symptoms (5 items), abdominal symptoms (4 items) and rectal symptoms (3 items)

  • Change From Baseline in the PAC-SYM Subscale Scores at Week 2, 4, 8 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PAC-SYM is comprised of the following 3 subscales: Stool symptoms (5 items): bowel movements that require straining or squeezing, bowel movements that are too hard, bowel movements that are too small, bowel movements that result in a sensation of incomplete evacuation, the feeling of having to pass a bowel movement but couldn't (false alarm); Abdominal symptoms (4 items):abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, abdominal cramping, abdominal bloating; Rectal symptoms (3 items): painful bowel movements, rectal burning, bleeding or tearing during or after a bowel movement.

  • Percentage of Participant's who Rated Study Drug effectiveness [ Time Frame: Week 2, Week 4, Week 8 and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of participants who rated the study treatment with efficacy score of 3=quite a bit to 4=extremely effective on global evaluation of efficacy of treatment was determined.

  • Percentage of Participants With PAC SYM Score [ Time Frame: Weeks 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants with an improvement of greater than or equal to 1 point on the PAC SYM score will be determined. The PAC-SYM is a 12-item participant self-administered instrument that measures the severity of constipation-related symptoms. Items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale, where 0=absent, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe, and 4=very severe. The PAC-SYM contains 3 subscales: stool symptoms (5 items), abdominal symptoms (4 items) and rectal symptoms (3 items).


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 13 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. An SAE was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly. Treatment-emergent are events between first dose of study drug and up to 7 days after last dose that were absent before treatment or that worsened relative to pretreatment state.

  • Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Laboratory Values [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Pre-defined criteria were established for each laboratory test to define the values that would be identified as of potential clinical importance.

  • Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Vital Signs Abnormalities [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of participants with potentially clinically important (PCI) vital signs is reported during therapy and at post therapy. Criteria for PCI change in vital signs: pulse rate value is defined as : low (decrease from baseline of >= 15 to a value =< 50) and high (increase from baseline of >= 15 to a value >=120), systolic blood pressure (SBP) is defined as: low (decrease from baseline of >= 20 to a value =< 90) and high (increase from baseline of >= 20 to a value >=180), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is defined as: low (decrease from baseline of >=15 to a value =<50) and high (increase from baseline of >= 15 to a value >=105).

  • Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Electrocardiogram (ECG) Abnormalities [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Triplicate 12-lead ECG measurements (each recording separated by approximately 2 minutes) were performed and average was calculated. The time corresponding to beginning of depolarization to repolarization of the ventricles (QT interval) was adjusted for RR interval using QT and RR from each ECG by Fridericia's formula (QTcF = QT divided by cube root of RR) and by Bazette's formula (QTcB = QT divided by square root of RR). Participants with maximum increase from baseline of 30 to less than (<) 60 msec(borderline) and greater than or equal to (>=) 60 msec (prolonged) were summarized.


Enrollment: 507
Study Start Date: May 2010
Study Completion Date: March 2011
Primary Completion Date: March 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Prucalopride
prucalopride 2- milligram (mg), orally once daily for 12 weeks
Drug: Prucalopride
2 mg tablet, orally once daily, for 12 weeks
Other Name: Resolor
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Matching placebo, orally once daily for 12 weeks
Drug: Placebo
1 tablet, orally once dailyfor 12 weeks

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized (study drug is assigned by chance), double-blind (neither physician nor participant knows the treatment that the participants receives), placebo-controlled, multi-center (when more than 1 hospital or medical school team work on a medical research study) study with a parallel-group design (a medical research study comparing the response in 2 or more groups of participants receiving different treatments) study of prucalopride. This study consist of 3 phases: a 2 weeks drug-free screening or run in phase, a 12-week treatment phase and follow-up (post-treatment) phase performed 7 days following the last dose of study drug. The total duration of study will be approximately 15 to 20 weeks, including the run-in and post-treatment phases. During the run-in phase, participants will receive laxative (bisacodyl) as a rescue medication throughout the study, if they will not have bowel movement (BM) for 3 or more consecutive days. If participants will not be able to tolerate bisacodyl, an enema may be used in place of the bisacodyl. During the double-blind treatment phase, participants will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to 1 of 2 treatment groups to receive either 2 milligram (mg) prucalopride or matching placebo prucalopride for 12 weeks, orally once daily. Participants will be primarily assessed for spontaneous complete bowel movements (SCBMs) per week. Participant's safety and quality of life will be monitored throughout the study.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • History of chronic constipation, defined as on average, 2 or fewer spontaneous bowel movements (SBMs) per week and 1 or more of the following for at least a quarter of the time for the last 3 months, while symptom onset was more than 6 months before the screening visit: in more than 25 percent (%) of BMs, participants had very hard (little balls) and/or hard stools, sensation of incomplete evacuation, straining at defecation (making a bowel movement), sensation of ano-rectal obstruction or blockade, and/or need for digital manipulation to facilitate evacuation
  • Participants who were considered as constipated (who never had SBMs)
  • Participant's constipation is functional
  • Participants with the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (bowel disorder in which there is pain and diarrhea or constipation) with constipation and with no other organic diseases can potentially be included depending on the decision of the investigator
  • Female participants must be postmenopausal (for at least 1 year) or surgically sterile or practicing a highly effective method of birth control

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Secondary to other diseases/conditions (endocrine disorders, metabolic disorders or neurologic disorders or drug-induced or suspected organic disorders of the large bowel, i.e., obstruction, carcinoma (type of cancer), or inflammatory bowel disease)
  • - Participants Using or intending to use disallowed medications that may influence the bowel habit during the study
  • Participants with severe (very serious, life threatening) and clinically uncontrolled cardiovascular, liver, or lung disease, neurologic or psychiatric disorders (including active alcohol or drug abuse), cancer (abnormal tissue that grows and spreads in the body until it kills) or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS: illness that results in decreased ability of the body to protect itself from other illnesses; development of the disease or conditions associated with the disease results from Human Immunodeficiency Virus [HIV]), or other gastrointestinal or endocrine disorders
  • Participants with impaired renal function, that is, serum creatinine greater than 2 milligram per deciliter (greater than 180 micro mole per liter)
  • Participants with clinically significant abnormalities of hematology, urinalysis, or blood chemistry
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01116206

Locations
Australia
Adelaide, Australia
Box Hill, Australia
Kingswood, Australia
Kogarah, Australia
Newcastle, Australia
Parkville, Australia
Prahran, Australia
Sydney, Australia
China
Beijing, China
Chongqing, China
Guangzhou, China
Hangzhou, China
Hefei, China
Jinan, China
Nanjing, China
Shanghai, China
Wuhan, China
Xian, China
Korea, Republic of
Busan, Korea, Republic of
Dae-Gu, Korea, Republic of
Deajun, Korea, Republic of
Gwangju-Si, Korea, Republic of
Iksan, Korea, Republic of
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Taiwan
Taipei, Taiwan
Thailand
Bamgkok, Thailand
Bangkok, Thailand
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01116206     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR017173  PRUCRC3001 
Study First Received: May 3, 2010
Last Updated: March 24, 2016
Health Authority: Korea: Food and Drug Administration
Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration
China: Food and Drug Administration
Republic of Korea: Food and Drug Administration
Taiwan: Department of Health
Thailand: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Constipation
Prucalopride
Resolor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Constipation
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 27, 2016