Pilot Study Evaluating the Efficacy of AlloMEM After Loop Ileostomy (AlloMem)
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Pilot Study Evaluating the Efficacy of AlloMEM in Prevention of Intraperitoneal Adhesions & Peritoneal Regeneration After Loop Ileostomy|
- If there is a decrease on adhesion formation of AlloMEM™ used in formation of a temporary loop ileostomy. [ Time Frame: Average 1 hour during formation of ileostomy ]Change in adhesion formation will be analyzed via the primary outcome of ileostomy mobilization time during ileostomy closure and the secondary outcome of an adhesion grading scale.
- Decrease in operative time and a promotion of peritoneal remodeling [ Time Frame: During 3 month ileostomy closure ]The objective of this study is therefore, to investigate whether the use of HPM in a temporary loop ileostomy is beneficial to patients. Benefit will be defined, for purposes of this study, as a decrease in adhesions resulting in decreased operative time during ileostomy closure, with promotion of peritoneal remodeling
|Study Start Date:||January 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Human Peritoneal Membrane: AlloMEM™
For use as a homologous tissue where native peritoneum is absent or traumatized. By decreasing adhesions and providing a peritoneal remodeling capacity, both the time needed for ileostomy closure and the risk of enterotomy or seromyotomy would be reduced. The combination could lead to decreased complication rates and therefore decreased morbidity for the surgical patients requiring an ileostomy.
To investigate whether the use of HPM in a temporary loop ileostomy is beneficial to patients.
Other Name: Human Peritoneal Membrane
A loop ileostomy is a common procedure used to divert fecal matter from anastomotic sites after abdominal surgeries. Major complications from creation and subsequent closure of a temporary loop ileostomy include: stoma retraction, stoma prolapsed, stenosis, herniation, intra-abdominal abscess, anastomotic leak, wound dehiscence. Small-bowel obstruction (SBO) was the most common complication. SBO is caused by adhesions in the surgical site, with narrowing or angulation of the intestine causing obstruction. Prevention of these adhesions may reduce the frequency with which SBO is seen after this surgery. Furthermore, surgery to close the ileostomy is complicated by the presence of adhesions which make dissection of the ileostomy difficult, and increase the risk of injury of the small intestine during dissection, prolonging the operation time in an effort to minimize risk to the patient.
AlloMEM™ is human peritoneal membrane designated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use as a homologous tissue where native peritoneum is absent or traumatized. The AlloMem™ is not regulated as a device and no 510k submission has been made by the FDA. AlloMem™ is allogeneic freeze-dried, irradiated human peritoneal membrane used as a soft tissue wound covering solely regulated under 361 HCT/P because by FDA definition it is: minimally manipulated; intended for homologous use only; does not involve the combination of cell or other tissues, and does not rely on the metabolic function of cells for its primary function. Two animal studies have shown that AlloMEM™ can help prevent intra-abdominal adhesions and provides the biological framework for peritoneal remodeling. By decreasing adhesions and providing a peritoneal remodeling capacity, both the time needed for ileostomy closure and the risk of enterotomy or seromyotomy would be reduced. The combination could lead to decreased complication rates and therefore decreased morbidity for the surgical patients requiring an ileostomy.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01113736
|United States, Ohio|
|University Hospitals Case Medical Center|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106|
|Principal Investigator:||Conor P. Delaney, MD, PhD||University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center|