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A Trial Using Molecular-Guided Therapy in Patients With Refractory or Recurrent Neuroblastoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01109238
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 23, 2010
Last Update Posted : April 28, 2022
Van Andel Research Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Brief Summary:

The investigators are studying new ways to make treatment decisions for these types of cancer. Technologies at the Van Andel Research Institute (VARI) are available to determine a tumor's molecular makeup (gene expression profile). This technology (called "Xenobase") is being used to discover new ways to understand cancers and potentially predict the best treatments for patients with cancer. The researchers at VARI have filed a patent on the Xenobase and the specific network analysis method that the investigators will be using as part of this study.

A specimen obtained from the tumor during a recent surgical, biopsy, or bone marrow procedure will be sent to the Van Andel Research Institute. Researchers will attempt to identify the molecular makeup within the specimen, as well as in blood and urine samples in patients with aggressive and/or refractory cancer. This additional testing is different than the routine tests currently performed at the hospital for the evaluation of cancer.

The goals of this part of the study are: To determine if the investigators tumor board committee (at minimum a panel of 3 oncologists and 1 pharmacist) can use patient specific cancer cells to make real-time treatment decision using patient specific genetic information, and predicted therapies generated in the Xenobase report.

Condition or disease
Refractory Neuroblastoma Relapsed Neuroblastoma

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Trial Testing the Feasibility of Using Molecular-Guided Therapy in Patients With Refractory or Recurrent Neuroblastoma
Study Start Date : April 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Neuroblastoma

Process Feasibility

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility of using protocol process to make real time treatment decisions [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    To pilot 5 patients to evaluate the feasibility of using predictive modeling based on genome-wide mRNA expression profiles of bone marrow derived neuroblastoma cells or tumor biopsies to make real-time treatment decisions.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Months to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Relapsed and refractory Neuroblastoma

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically proven neuroblastoma and confirmation of refractory or recurrent disease with histologic confirmation at diagnosis or at the time of recurrence/progression
  • Patients must be age >12 months and diagnosed before the age of 21
  • Life expectancy must be more than 3 months
  • If measurable disease, this must be demonstrated by residual abnormal tissue at a primary or metastatic site measuring more than 1 cm in any dimension by standardized imaging (CT or MRI). For patients with only skeletal sites of disease, there must be at least one persisting focus with increased activity on a pre-treatment meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan.
  • Current disease state must be one for which there is currently no known curative therapy
  • Lansky Play Score must be more than 30
  • Patients without bone marrow metastases must have an ANC > 750/μl and platelet count >50,000/μl
  • Adequate liver function must be demonstrated, defined as:

    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age AND
    • SGPT (ALT) < 10 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • No other significant organ toxicity defined as >Grade 2 by National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events version 3 (NCI-CTCAE V3.0 (http://ctep.cancer.gov/forms/CTCAEv3.pdf))
  • A negative serum pregnancy test is required for female participants of child bearing potential (≥13 years of age or after onset of menses)
  • Both male and female post-pubertal study subjects need to agree to use one of the more effective birth control methods during treatment and for six months after treatment is stopped. These methods include total abstinence (no sex), oral contraceptives ("the pill"), an intrauterine device (IUD), levonorgestrol implants (Norplant), or medroxyprogesterone acetate injections (Depo-provera shots). If one of these can not be used, contraceptive foam with a condom is recommended.
  • Informed Consent: All patients and/or legal guardians must sign informed written consent. Assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines. Voluntary consent for optional biology studies will be included.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have received any chemotherapy within the last 21 days.
  • Patients receiving anti-tumor therapy for their disease or any investigational drug concurrently
  • Patients with serious infection or a life-threatening illness (unrelated to tumor) that is > Grade 2 (NCI CTCAE V3.0), or active, serious infections requiring parenteral antibiotic therapy within 2 weeks prior to screening
  • Patients with any other medical condition, including malabsorption syndromes, mental illness or substance abuse, deemed by the Investigator to be likely to interfere with the interpretation of the results or which would interfere with a patient's ability to sign or the legal guardian's ability to sign the informed consent, and patient's ability to cooperate and participate in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01109238

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United States, Vermont
Burlington, Vermont, United States, 05401
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Van Andel Research Institute
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Study Chair: Giselle Sholler, MD Beat Childhood Cancer at Atrium Health
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Wake Forest University Health Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01109238    
Other Study ID Numbers: NMTRC 001P
First Posted: April 23, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 28, 2022
Last Verified: November 2020
Keywords provided by Wake Forest University Health Sciences:
Refractory Neuroblastoma
Relapsed Neuroblastoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue