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Efficacy and Safety of Sevofran in Patients Scheduled for Elective Surgery Under General Anesthesia

This study has been completed.
National Clinical Research Coordination Center, Seoul, Korea
Information provided by:
Asan Medical Center Identifier:
First received: March 29, 2010
Last updated: March 30, 2010
Last verified: March 2010
Sevoflurane is currently being used in more than 100 countries worldwide with an estimated 100 million operations having been performed using sevoflurane as a general anesthetic. After the expiry of the patent on sevoflurane as a pharmaceutical drug, a generic product (Sevofran®; Hana pharmacy, Co. Ltd, Seoul, Korea) has been launched. The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy (mean minimum alveolar concentration), recovery characteristics (time to recovery of consciousness (ROC) and recovery, and BIS values at ROC and orientation), and safety (incidence and severity of adverse events) of generic sevoflurane in patients undergoing elective surgery.

Condition Intervention Phase
General Anesthesia
Generic Drugs
Drug: original sevoflurane
Drug: generic sevoflurane
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-center, Open-Label, Randomized, Active-controlled, Parallel, Phase 4 Clinical Trial to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Sevofran in Patients Scheduled for Elective Surgery Under General Anesthesia

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Asan Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Comparison of mean minimum alveolar concentration between original and generic sevoflurane [ Time Frame: During mainenance of anesthesia under general anesthesia ]

    Minimum alveolar concentration was determined by end-tidal sevoflurane concentrations. Mean MAC was calculated as following equation,

    Mean MAC = (MAC * hour) / (maintenance time from administration of hypnotic agent (propofol) for acquring loss of consciousness to extubation)

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Comparison of secondary efficacy and safety endpoints between two inhalation agents [ Time Frame: During maintenance of anesthesia under general anesthesia ]

    Secondary efficacy and safety characteristics include following items.

    1. Anesthesia exposure: MAC * hour [Time frame: maintenanane period of anesthesia]
    2. Bispectral index, BIS [Time frame: time to recovery of consciousnessn, time to recovery of orientation]
    3. Adverse event [Time frame: maintenanane period of anesthesia]
    4. Incidence and severity of postopertive nausea and vomiting [Time frame: 24 hours postoperatively]
    5. Concentrations of compound A, formaldehyde, methanol [Time frame: 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180 min after sevoflurane administration]

Enrollment: 178
Study Start Date: September 2008
Study Completion Date: March 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: generic sevoflurane Drug: generic sevoflurane
Sevoflurane content: 99.99%, compound A: 3.8 ppm, water content (sample was opened, sealed and stored for 2 weeks) : 0.044% w/v
Other Name: Sevofran® (Hana Pharmacy, Co. Ltd, Seoul, Korea)
Active Comparator: origianl sevoflurane Drug: original sevoflurane
Sevoflurane content: 99.9985%, compound A: 4.6 ppm, water content (sample was opened, sealed and stored for 2 weeks): 0.072% w/v
Other Name: Sevorane® (Abott Korea Ltd, Seoul, Korea)

Detailed Description:

Patients were randomly allocated to experimental group (generic sevoflurane) and active comparator group (original sevoflurane). Once in the operating room, patients were monitored with electrocardiography, non invasive blood pressure, pulse oximetry (Datex-Ohmeda S/5, Planar Systems, Inc., Beaverton, OR, USA) and BIS (Aspect 2000, Aspect Medical Systems, Inc., Newton, MA, USA).

Anesthesia was induced with fentanyl (2 μg/kg) and propofol (2mg/kg). When patients were unconscious, original or generic sevoflurane was administered. Tracheal intubation was facilitated by administering rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg. The lungs of the patients were then ventilated with oxygen in air (1:2), and the ventilation rate was adjusted to maintain the end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure between 35 and 45 mmHg. The concentrations of carbon dioxide, sevoflurane, and oxygen were measured continuously using an infrared anesthetic gas analyzer (Datex-Ohmeda S/5, Planar Systems, Inc., Beaverton, OR, USA), which was calibrated before anesthesia for each patient using a standard gas mixture.

The inspired concentration of sevoflurane was adjusted to maintain BIS values < 60 and stable haemodynamics (systolic arterial pressure (SAP) > 80 mmHg and heart rate (HR) > 45 beats/min). Also, it was titrated to prevent signs of inadequate anesthesia (sweating, facial flushing, movement and swallowing, HR > 90 beats/min without evidence of hypovolemia, and a 15 mmHg increase in SAP, compared with baseline SAP). Fentanyl 1 μg/kg was given if needed to resolve of signs of inadequate anesthesia.

Concentration of compound A, formaldehyde, and methadone were measured at preset interval: 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180 min after administration of sevoflurane. Blood and urine samples were taken at preset interval for analyzing concentration of inorganic fluoride: 1 hr after administration of sevoflurane and every 2 hr during maintenance of anesthesia.


Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia
  • American Society Anesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA PS) 1 or 2
  • Aged 19 years or above

Exclusion Criteria:

  • ASA PS 3 or above
  • aged under 19 years
  • Contraindications against the use of sevoflurane
  • Abnormal laboratory finding with clinical significance
  • Evidence of pregnancy
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse
  • Hemoglobin < 11 mg/dl
  • Neurological or psychiatric disease
  • Unable or unwilling to give informed consent
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01096212

Korea, Republic of
Asan Medical Center
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 138-736
Sanggye-Paik Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 139-707
Sponsors and Collaborators
Asan Medical Center
National Clinical Research Coordination Center, Seoul, Korea
Study Chair: Gyu Jeong Noh, M.D. & Ph.D. Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Sang Seok Lee, M.D. Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Sanggye-Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Gyu-Jeong Noh / Professor & Chairperson, Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Asan Medical Center Identifier: NCT01096212     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Asan Medical Center_sevofran_1
Study First Received: March 29, 2010
Last Updated: March 30, 2010

Keywords provided by Asan Medical Center:
Minimum alveolar concentration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Anesthetics, Inhalation
Anesthetics, General
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 25, 2017