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Safety & Efficacy of Eslicarbazepine Monotherapy in Sub.w/Partial Epilepsy Not Well Controlled by Current Antiepileptic

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sunovion
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01091662
First received: March 17, 2010
Last updated: July 15, 2016
Last verified: July 2016
  Purpose
This is an 18-week, double-blind, multicenter study with gradual conversion from previous antiepileptic therapy to eslicarbazepine acetate monotherapy in subjects with partial epilepsy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Epilepsy
Drug: Eslicarbazepine acetate 1600 mg
Drug: Eslicarbazepine acetate 1200 mg
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Double-Blind, Randomized, Historical Control Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Eslicarbazepine Acetate Monotherapy in Subjects With Partial Epilepsy Not Well Controlled by Current Antiepileptic Drugs

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sunovion:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Cumulative 112-day Exit Rate as Estimated by Kaplan-Meier Method [ Time Frame: From beginning of Week 3 to end of Week 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Cumulative exit rate was defined as the proportion of subjects meeting at least one of the following five exit criteria over a 16-week study period (from start of AED taper/con. period (Wk 3) to end of double blind monotherapy period (Wk 18)).1.One episode of status epilepticus.2.One secondary gen. partial seizure (in subjects who did not have gen.seizures during 6 mo. prior to screening).3.A two fold increase in any consecutive 28 day seizure rate compared to the highest consecutive 28 day seizure rate during the 8 week baseline period. 4.A two fold increase in any consecutive 2 day seizure rate compared to the highest consecutive 2 day seizure rate during the 8 week baseline period. If the highest number of seizures in any consecutive 2 day period during the 8 week baseline was 1 then 3 seizures in a consecutive 2 day period was required to exit.

    5.Worsening of seizures or increase in seizure frequency considered serious or requiring intervention as judged by the investigator



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion (%) of Subjects That Are Seizure-free During the 10-week Double-blind Monotherapy Treatment Period. [ Time Frame: Week 9 through 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Seizure-free subjects during the monotherapy period were determined as subjects who had seizure assessments during the monotherapy period, and did not have any seizures in the 10 weeks between Visits 6 and 9 (Weeks 9 through 18). Subjects who discontinued during this period were considered not seizure-free even if they were seizure-free at the time of discontinuation, i.e., to be considered seizure-free, subjects must complete the 10-week period without any seizures.

  • Percentage of Subjects Seizure-free During the Last 4 Weeks on Eslicarbazepine Acetate Monotherapy. [ Time Frame: Week 15 through 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants that were Seizure-free during the last four weeks of monotherapy were determined as subjects who had seizure assessments during the 4 weeks between Visits 8 and 9 (Weeks 15 through 18), and did not have any seizures.

  • Completion Rate (% of Subjects Completing the 18 Weeks of Double-blind Treatment). [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Subjects completing the study were determined as subjects who completed the 18 weeks of double-blind treatment.

  • Completion Rate During the 10 Weeks of Monotherapy (% of Subjects Entering the Monotherapy Period Who Complete). [ Time Frame: Week 8 through 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Monotherapy completion rate was defined as the proportion (%) of subjects entering the monotherapy period who completed the 10 weeks of monotherapy treatment.

  • Time on Eslicarbazepine Acetate Monotherapy. [ Time Frame: Week 8 to Week 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The start of the monotherapy period was defined as the date of termination of all other AEDs while taking study monotherapy medication. Time on monotherapy was defined from the start of monotherapy period to the last dose of monotherapy treatment.

  • Change in Seizure Frequency From Baseline. [ Time Frame: 18 weeks, Double-blind:weeks 1-18; Baseline: weeks -8to -1; titration: weeks 1 to 2; AED taper/conversion: weeks 3 to 8; monotherapy; weeks 9 to 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The relative (%) change in standardized seizure frequency was evaluated for four periods: titration (Weeks 1 to 2), AED taper/conversion (Weeks 3 to 8), monotherapy (Weeks 9 to 18), and double-blind (Weeks 1 to 18).

  • Responder Rate (Proportion [%] of Subjects With a ≥50% Reduction of Seizure Frequency From Baseline). [ Time Frame: Week 0 to Week 18, Double-blind weeks 1-18; baseline: weeks -8 to -1; Titration: weeks 1-2; AED taper/conversion; weeks 3-8; monotherapy weeks 9-18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Responder rate was defined as the proportion (%) of subjects with a ≥ 50% reduction of seizure frequency from baseline. This analysis was done for the titration (Weeks 1 to 2), AED taper/conversion (Weeks 3 to 8), monotherapy (Weeks 9 to 18), and double-blind (Weeks 1 to 18) periods.

  • Proportion (%) of Subjects Reaching Each Exit Criteria [ Time Frame: Week 1 to Week 18, (beginning of week 1 to end of week 18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The proportion (%) of subjects reaching each of the 5 exit criteria-1.One episode of status epilepticus.2.One secondary gen. partial seizure (in subjects who did not have gen.seizures during 6 mo. prior to screening).3.A two fold increase in any consecutive 28 day seizure rate compared to the highest consecutive 28 day seizure rate during the 8 week baseline period. 4.A two fold increase in any consecutive 2 day seizure rate compared to the highest consecutive 2 day seizure rate during the 8 week baseline period. If the highest number of seizures in any consecutive 2 day period during the 8 week baseline was 1 then 3 seizures in a consecutive 2 day period was required to exit.

    5.Worsening of seizures or increase in seizure frequency considered serious or requiring intervention as judged by the investigator


  • Change in Total Score From Baseline in 31-Item Quality of Life in Epilepsy (QOLIE-31). [ Time Frame: Week 0 to Week 18, Baseline: Day 0: End of AED taper/conversion period: end of week 8; End of monotherapy period: end of week 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The QOLIE-31 overall score was obtained by using a weighted average of multi-item scale scores. The recorded responses were converted to 0-100 point scales. The mean of the individual item scores in each subgroup were calculated, with higher converted scores reflecting better quality of life.

  • Change in Total Score in Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS),From Baseline . [ Time Frame: Week 0 to Week 18,baseline day 0; end of AED taper/conversion period; end of week 8; end of monotherapy period; end of week 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The total score of MADRS is defined as the sum of all individual item scores. From 0-60, high score indicates more severe

  • Change in Total Score of MADRS From Baseline in Those Subjects With a MADRS Score of ≥14 at Randomization. [ Time Frame: Week 0 to Week 18, baseline:day 0;end of AED taper/conversion period; end of week 8; end of monotherapy period: end of week 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The total score of MADRS is defined as the sum of all individual item scores. From 0-60, higher score indicates more severe

  • Proportion (%) of Subjects With Increase of Body Weight >= 7% From Baseline [ Time Frame: 18 Week Double-blind treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Proportion (%) of Subjects With Normal Baseline Sodium Reaching Blood Sodium ≤135 mmol/L, ≤130 mmol/L, and ≤125 mmol/L. [ Time Frame: Week 0 to Week 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Proportion (%) of Subjects With Normal Baseline Sodium Reaching Blood Sodium ≤135 mmol/L, ≤130 mmol/L, and ≤125 mmol/L

  • Proportion (%) of Events in Each Classification of the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C SSRS). [ Time Frame: 18 Week Double-blind treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Standardized Seizure Frequency (SSF) by Period [ Time Frame: Double-blind: week to 18; Baseline: weeks -8 to -1; titration: weeks 1 to 2; AED taper/conversion weeks 3 to 8; monotherapy: weeks 9 to 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Seizure frequency was evaluated by using a standardized frequency per 4 weeks (28 days). It was evaluated for five periods: baseline (Weeks -8 to -1), titration (Weeks 1 to 2), AED taper/conversion (Weeks 3 to 8), monotherapy (Weeks 9 to 18), and double-blind (Weeks 1 to 18).


Enrollment: 172
Study Start Date: June 2010
Study Completion Date: November 2012
Primary Completion Date: November 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: eslicarbazepine acetate 1600 mg
Subjects randomized to 1600 mg QD of eslicarbazepine acetate will titrate from 600 mg QD(Day 0) to 1200 mg once a day(Week 2) to 1600 mg QD (Weeks 3-18) and may taper down from 1600 mg to 800 mg QD 3 days after the Week 18 visit.
Drug: Eslicarbazepine acetate 1600 mg
1600 mg once per day
Experimental: eslicarbazepine acetate 1200 mg

Subjects randomized to 1200 mg QD eslicarbazepine acetate will titrate from 400 mg QD (Day0) to 800 mg QDweek2) to 1200 mg QD(weeks 3-18) and may taper down from 1200 mg to 600 mg QD 3 days after the Week 18 visit.

Subjects may continue in an open-label extension study with a starting dose of 1200 mg QD, or taper off their previous antiepileptic drugs during weeks 2-8.

Drug: Eslicarbazepine acetate 1200 mg
1200 once per day

Detailed Description:
This is an 18-week, double-blind, randomized, historical control, multicenter study with gradual conversion to monotherapy in subjects with partial onset seizures who are not well controlled by current AEDs. The 18 week double-blind treatment period consists of a 2-week titration period, 6-week taper or conversion period, and a 10-week monotherapy period. This study was previously posted by Sepracor Inc. In October 2009, Sepracor Inc. was acquired by Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma., and in October 2010, Sepracor Inc's name was changed to Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 70 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of partial epilepsy as defined in the Classification of Seizures of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) (simple partial seizures with observable motor component, or complex, with or without secondary generalization)

    • Medical history of seizures;
    • Absence of confounding factors (pseudoseizures, syncope);
    • Documented EEG recording (done within 5 years prior to screening) consistent with focal onset epilepsy
  • Documented CT or MRI scan conducted within 10 years prior to screening, showing the absence of a structural abnormality (eg, tumor or malformation)
  • ≥ 4 partial onset seizures during the 8 weeks prior screening with no 28-day seizure free period
  • Stable treatment with 1-2 AEDs during the last 4 weeks prior to screening
  • Subjects must have the ability to comprehend the informed consent form and be willing to provide informed consent. For subjects who are unable to comprehend the written consent, a witness/caregiver who is able to describe and provide an understanding of the informed consent to the subject must sign the consent form on behalf of the subject.
  • Subjects must give written informed consent prior to participation in the study. For subjects <18 years of age, the informed consent must be signed by the subject's parent or legal guardian, and, when appropriate and/or required by state or local law, minor subjects must give written informed assent prior to participation in the study. Subjects of Asian ancestry are required to give written informed consent for genotyping. All subjects must sign a HIPAA Form. All females of child bearing potential must also sign the "Women of Childbearing Potential" Addendum.
  • A female subject is eligible to enter and participate in the study if she is of:

    • Non-childbearing potential (ie, physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant, including any female who is pre-menarchal or post-menopausal);
    • Child-bearing potential (all females ≤65 years of age), has a negative pregnancy test at screening and agrees to satisfy contraception requirements

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with only simple partial seizures without a motor component
  • Presence of generalized seizure syndromes (eg, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy or Lennox-Gastaut syndrome)
  • History of pseudo-seizures
  • Current seizures related to an acute medical illness
  • Seizures secondary to metabolic, toxic or infectious disorder or drug abuse
  • Status epilepticus within 2 years prior to screening
  • Seizures only occurring in a cluster pattern
  • Subjects taking 2 of the following sodium channel blocking AEDs: phenytoin, carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, or lamotrigine
  • Subjects taking 2 AEDs with both being in the upper dose range (defined as approximately two-thirds of the defined daily dose)
  • Subjects taking more than 2 AEDs
  • Subjects with progressive structural central nervous system lesion or progressive encephalopathy
  • Psychiatric exclusion criteria
  • Medical exclusion criteria: known renal insufficiency (estimated creatinine clearance [CrCL]) <60 mL/min based on serum creatinine using the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Clinical and laboratory exclusion criteria: Subjects of Asian ancestry who tests positive for the presence of the HLA-B*1502 allele
  • Subjects who have been on benzodiazepines, phenobarbital, or primidone on a regular basis within 3 months prior to screening
  • Subjects taking antipsychotics, tricyclic antidepressants, anxiolytics, sedative hypnotics including non-benzodiazepines, central opioid agonists/antagonists, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) within at least 5 half lives (or for at least 2 weeks whichever is longer) prior to randomization
  • Subjects presently on felbamate or vigabatrin
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01091662

  Show 62 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sunovion
Investigators
Study Director: CNS Medical Dirctor Sunovion
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Sunovion
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01091662     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 093-046 
Study First Received: March 17, 2010
Results First Received: October 2, 2015
Last Updated: July 15, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Sunovion:
Seizures
Epilepsy
Anticonvulsant
Monotherapy
Historical control

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Epilepsy
Epilepsies, Partial
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Anticonvulsants
Eslicarbazepine acetate
Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Blockers
Sodium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 26, 2016