Clinical, Virological and Safety Outcomes of a Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Regimen in HIV-1 Infected Patients in Routine Clinical Use in China
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01074931|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 24, 2010
Results First Posted : August 3, 2011
Last Update Posted : August 3, 2011
This post-marketing observational study is conducted for obtaining data on clinical, biological and virological outcomes, compliance and tolerability of using a lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) -containing regimen for the treatment of naïve or experienced patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in China.
Although LPV/r is frequently used world-wide, the evaluation of the outcomes, compliance, and tolerance of anti-HIV strategies in real life is still a major challenge in the management of HIV-infected patients who are on a life-long therapy, especially in China.
This study will help to develop effectiveness and safety profile of the lopinavir/ritonavir containing regimen in Chinese HIV-1 infected patients, provide more choices of anti-HIV-1 strategies to Chinese experts and benefits Chinese HIV-1 infected patients.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|HIV-1 Infections||Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra)|
It is planned to enroll approximately 100 patients in total. This will be a multicenter post-marketing observational study in China mainland.
Each patient will be observed during his/her lopinavir/ritonavir - containing treatment regimen for a maximum period of 18 months.
If the physician decides to permanently discontinue lopinavir/ritonavir before the end of the planned observational period of 18 months, the reason for the discontinuation and the new treatment regimen prescribed will be documented. The next routine follow-up visit will be the termination visit for this patient in this study.
This post-marketing observational study will be conducted in a prospective, single-arm, multicenter format.
As this study is observational in nature, its follow-up is not interventional and is left to the judgment of each physician within the 18-month period, which defines the survey for each patient. For indicative purpose, follow-up of patients should enable approximately 4 patient visits during this period. These visits will take place at average intervals of 6 months, apart from the first visit following inclusion (usually at the end of the first 3 treatment months) and apart from visits required because of an intercurrent event. If treatment with lopinavir/ritonavir is discontinued, standard practice is to review the patient after a period of 3 months.
For these reasons, the most likely visits are defined as "V1", "V2", "V3", "V4" although numbers and dates will depend only on the decision of the physician. As a result, failure to meet these suggested dates will not constitute a deviation of the protocol.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||98 participants|
|Official Title:||Clinical, Virological and Safety Outcomes of a Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Regimen in HIV-1 Infected Patients in Routine Clinical Use in China: A Multicenter Post-Marketing Observational Study|
|Study Start Date :||April 2008|
|Primary Completion Date :||May 2010|
|Study Completion Date :||June 2010|
This study is a non-interventional, observational study in which lopinavir/ritonavir is prescribed in the usual manner in accordance with the terms of China market authorization with regards to dose, population and indication. It is planned to enroll approximately 100 patients in total.
Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra)
Lopinavir/ritonavir(LPV/r) is an HIV protease inhibitor (PI) that is co-formulated with lopinavir and ritonavir. Lopinavir is an inhibitor of the HIV-1 and HIV-2 proteases. As co-formulated in LPV/r, ritonavir inhibits the CYP3A-mediated metabolism of lopinavir, thereby providing increased plasma levels of lopinavir.
The assignment of the patient to a lopinavir/ritonavir - containing regimen is not decided in advance by this protocol but falls within current practice and the prescription of lopinavir/ritonavir is clearly separated from the decision to include the patient in this study.
- Evolution of the HIV Viral Response [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]The protocol recommended that HIV viral load tests be performed at baseline and each study visit. Test results indicate the number of HIV-1 ribonucleic acid (RNA) copies per milliliter (mL). The number of participants who underwent testing and had detectable levels (greater than 50 copies/mL) or undetectable levels (less than 50 copies/mL) are presented by subgroup. Study visits were to occur at approximately 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after starting treatment. The exact dates of each visit depended on the physician's judgment, so data are reported for Visits 1 through 4 rather than by month.
- Evolution of CD4 Count [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]The evolution of participants' CD4-positive (CD4+) T-lymphocyte counts after starting the lopinavir/ritonavir-containing regimen was to be assessed by measuring the number of CD4+ cells at baseline and each subsequent study visit. CD4+ count results are reported as the number of CD4+ cells per cubic millimeter (cmm). Study visits were to occur at approximately 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after starting treatment. The exact dates of each visit depended on the physician's judgment, so data are reported for Visits 1 through 4 rather than by month.
- Evolution of the Tolerance Issues [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]At each study visit, treating physicians evaluated participants and used their clinical judgment to determine if they were tolerating the lopinavir/ritonavir-containing regimen. Study visits were to occur at approximately 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after starting treatment. The exact dates of each visit depended on the physician's judgment, so data are reported for Visits 1 through 4 rather than by month.
- Number of Participants Who Missed Doses, Interrupt or Discontinue Regimen, and Experience Changes in Dosage or of Combination Regimen [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]Visits were to occur at approximately 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after starting treatment. The frequency with which each participant forgot to take their medication since the last visit and discontinuations of treatment and the reasons were documented at each visit and are summarized. The number of participants changing from lopinavir/ritonavir soft gel capsule to tablet are also presented. The exact dates of each visit depended on the physician's judgment, so data are reported for Visits 1 through 4 rather than by month. Note: participants may have had multiple missed doses or therapy changes.
- Adverse Events Observed and Development of Lipodystrophy Lesion and Their Locations [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]The types of adverse events reported are summarized. The presence of lipodystrophy (abnormal body fat distribution) and its location was to be recorded. However, due to an oversight, there was not a place to record the location of lipodystrophy on the case report form. Doctors used clinical judgment to rate lipodystrophy in treatment-experienced participants. Study visits were to occur at approximately 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after starting treatment. The exact dates of each visit depended on the physician's judgment, so data are reported for Visits 1 through 4 rather than by month.
- The Duration on Treatment Until Development of an Adverse Event Leading to Treatment Discontinuation or Until Escape From Treatment [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]As so few participants withdrew from lopinavir/ritonavir treatment, durations of lopinavir/ritonavir therapy required for 25 percent, 50 percent and 75 percent of participants could not be established. The numbers of participants in each subgroup who discontinued from treatment due to an adverse event are presented.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01074931
|Site Reference ID/Investigator# 7244|
|Guangdong, China, 510060|
|Site Reference ID/Investigator# 27865|
|Kunming, China, 650118|
|Site Reference ID/Investigator# 27864|
|Shanghai, China, 201508|
|Site Reference ID/Investigator# 27863|
|Shenzhen, China, 518020|
|Site Reference ID/Investigator# 27866|
|Zhengzhou, China, 450061|
|Study Chair:||Jian LI, MD||Abbott (China)|