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Safety and Immunogenicity of an A (H1N1) 2009 Influenza Virus-like Particle (VLP) Vaccine

This study has been completed.
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novavax Identifier:
First received: February 19, 2010
Last updated: April 23, 2012
Last verified: April 2012
This is a Phase 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of three dose levels (5µg, 15µg and 45µg HA) of the novel A (H1N1) influenza VLP vaccine as compared with a placebo in healthy adults (18 to 64 years of age).

Condition Intervention Phase
Seasonal Influenza Biological: Placebo Biological: A/H1N1 2009 Influenza VLP Vaccine Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of an A (H1N1) 2009 Influenza Virus-like Particle (VLP) Vaccine

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Novavax:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and tolerability of two injections of A (H1N1) 2009 influenza VLP vaccine [ Time Frame: 35 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluation of immunogenicity of two injections of A (H1N1) 2009 influenza VLP vaccine by Hemagglutination Inhibition [ Time Frame: 35 days ]
  • Long-term Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) and Significant New Medical Conditions (SNMCs) [ Time Frame: 6 months post second dose ]

Enrollment: 4560
Study Start Date: October 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Low dose H1N1 Biological: A/H1N1 2009 Influenza VLP Vaccine
Two doses (Day 1 & Day 22); 0.5mL
Experimental: Mid dose H1N1 Biological: A/H1N1 2009 Influenza VLP Vaccine
Two doses (Day 1 & Day 22); 0.5mL
Experimental: High dose H1N1 Biological: A/H1N1 2009 Influenza VLP Vaccine
Two doses (Day 1 & Day 22); 0.5mL
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Biological: Placebo
Two doses (Day 1 and Day 22); 0.5mL

Detailed Description:

The study will be conducted in two parts (A & B) at a single center in Mexico. The purpose of Part A is to evaluate the safety of the H1N1 VLP vaccine and to evaluate immunogenicity and select a dose for Part B. In Part A, 1,000 subjects will be enrolled and randomized to a 1:1:1:1 schedule (5µg, 15µg and 45µg doses of H1N1 VLP vaccine or placebo. Subjects will receive two intramuscular (IM) injections (0.5mL/dose) of the H1N1 VLP vaccine or placebo 21 days apart. Blood for HAI assays will be collected at 3 time points (baseline, Day 14 and Day 36). Subjects will be followed for all adverse events (AEs) from the first day of the study through 21 days after the second dose (Day 36). Subjects will be followed for serious AEs and significant new medical conditions (SNMCs) to the end of the study 6 months post-dose 2 (Day 194).

Once the first 500 subjects are enrolled into Part A, enrollment will be halted until 3 days of safety follow-up data are reviewed by the study Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB). A second data review will occur following Day 14 visit for Part A to select the dose to be administered in Part B.

Part B of the study will be conducted to evaluate safety and accumulate enough safety data to potentially move forward with broader use of the vaccine assuming favorable results. In Part B, a total of 3,250 - 3,750 subjects will be randomized to receive the selected dose of H1N1 VLP vaccine or placebo. A total of 3,000 H1N1 VLP vaccine recipients at the selected dose or higher, and 1,250 placebo recipients will be enrolled in Parts A and B. Following completion of Day 36 in Part A, data may be reviewed to assess 1 injection vs. 2 injections in Part B.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female 18-64 years of age at the time of the vaccination.
  2. Informed consent must be obtained from the subject prior to beginning any study specific procedures indicating that they understand the purpose of this study and are willing to adhere to the procedures described in this protocol.
  3. Available by telephone.
  4. Free of obvious health problems or chronic illnesses (e.g., recent exacerbation or acute episode of chronic illness in the last 3 months) as established by medical history, review of systems, and clinical examination before entering the study. This includes any mental condition that would interfere with subject self-assessment. Subjects with a pre-existing chronic disease will be allowed to participate if the disease is stable. Stable disease is defined as no new onset of exacerbation of pre-existing chronic disease 3 months prior to study vaccine injection.
  5. Female of childbearing potential, she must be abstinent or have used adequate contraceptive precautions (e.g., intrauterine contraceptive device; oral contraceptives or other equivalent hormonal contraception) for 2 months prior to vaccination. Subject must also have a negative pregnancy test at study entry then at Day 22 and must agree to continue to use adequate contraceptive precautions for three months after vaccination.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Use of any investigational or non-registered product (drug or vaccine) other than the study vaccine(s) within 30 days preceding the administration of the study vaccine, or planned use during the study period.
  2. Received an experimental agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) within 1 month prior to vaccination in this study or expect to receive an experimental agent during this study (prior to the Day 201 follow-up call - 180 days after the second vaccination).
  3. Have received any live licensed vaccines within 4 weeks or inactivated licensed vaccines within 2 weeks prior to vaccination in this study or plan receipt of such vaccines within 21 days following the second vaccination.
  4. Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 days) of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within 6 months prior to the administration of the study vaccine. The use of topical, inhaled and nasal steroids will be permitted.
  5. Any medically diagnosed or suspected immunodeficient condition based on medical history and physical examination.
  6. Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the 3 months preceding the administration of the study vaccine or during the study.
  7. Acute disease on the day of vaccination (baseline/dose 1 or dose 2). Acute disease is defined as the presence of a moderate or severe illness with or without fever > 38 C.
  8. Acute clinically-significant pulmonary (including asthma), cardiovascular, hepatic or renal functional abnormality as determined by physical examination or laboratory screening tests.
  9. Major congenital defects that may increase the risk for complications from influenza.
  10. History of any neurological disorders or seizures (with the exception of febrile seizures during childhood) related to an underlying immune disease or disorder, such as but not limited to multiple sclerosis, lupus, and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Individuals with other neurological disorders that are clinically mild and stable with medication, such as mild Parkinson's disease, will not be excluded.
  11. Pregnant or lactating female.
  12. Females planning to become pregnant or planning to discontinue contraceptive precautions within 60 days of enrollment in this study.
  13. Any condition that in the opinion of the investigator would interfere with evaluation of the vaccine or interpretation of study results.
  14. Participation in a novel A (H1N1) 2009 influenza vaccine study or a known history of novel A (H1N1) 2009 influenza infection.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01072799

Specialities Hospital, National Medical Centre "Siglo XXI" Mexican Institute for Social Security (IMSS)
Mexico City, Mexico, C.P 06720
Sponsors and Collaborators
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Principal Investigator: Constantino R Lopez Macias, M.D. Specialities Hospital, National Medical Centre "Siglo XXI" Mexican Institute for Social Security (IMSS)
  More Information

Responsible Party: Novavax Identifier: NCT01072799     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NVX 754 H1N1-MEX
Study First Received: February 19, 2010
Last Updated: April 23, 2012

Keywords provided by Novavax:
A (H1N1)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on August 18, 2017