An Alternative to A Fixed Schedule In Management Of Prostate Cancer (TADS)
The male sex-hormone called testosterone is known to play a key role in the growth of prostate cancer. The usual treatment for the disease involves suppression of hormones (testosterone) by anti-hormonal treatment for an unknown period of time until the cancer progresses. This anti-hormonal treatment usually consists of injections every three months with an LHRH(Leutinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormone) agonist and a short course of anti-androgen pills, which together help to lower the production of testosterone. Long-term hormonal treatment has potentially serious side effects and is expensive.
In this study, hormonal treatments will be with held from those patients eligible and willing to participate. The aim of this study is to see if we can decrease the amount of hormone injections that patients require. This might lead to a decreased side effects(such as decrease in bone health, cardiovascular problems and metabolic syndrome which occurs when several health conditions happen at the same time and can lead to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes) as well as to decrease the cost of hormonal therapy to treat prostate cancer.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Testosterone-Guided Schedule of Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) as an Alternative to A Fixed Schedule In Management Of Prostate Cancer|
- We will monitor serum testosterone initially q 6 weeks increasing to every three months and delay initiating the next dose of ADT until serum testosterone level rises above 1.5nMol/l. [ Time Frame: Baseline, Q6wks x 24 wks ]
- Jamar Dynamometer [ Time Frame: Baseline and 18 weeks ]
- EPIC Quality of Life Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline and 18 weeks ]
- Six Minute Walk Test [ Time Frame: Baseline and 18 weeks ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Most men respond to initial ADT with a fall in serum PSA and improvement in symptoms, if present initially; the median duration of response is about 1.5 - 2 years, but is highly variable. Increase in serum PSA despite a castrate testosterone level signifies that the disease has become castration resistant. Some patients may have short periods of response to other hormonal manipulations such as adding a peripheral antiandrogen such as bicalutamide, and later withdrawing it. Other hormonal manipulations may be tried sequentially before or after chemotherapy with varying success: this tertiary hormonal manipulation may include glucocorticoids such as prednisone or dexamethasone, ketoconazole and hydrocortisione, estrogens such as DES, and alternative anti-androgens such as flutamide and nilutamide. In most institutions, the policy is to continue the LHRH agonist indefinitely. Despite its proven role in prostate cancer treatment, ADT has multiple toxicities which include osteopenia/osteoporosis, a potentially lethal metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular complications. Also, continuous long term LHRH injections are very expensive.
In this study, we propose a prospective cohort study at Princess Margaret Hospital to answer the following important questions regarding tertiary hormonal manipulations:
- What is the relationship between serum testosterone and time after stopping an LHRH agonist in men who have received chronic LHRH therapy for ≥ 1 year?
- What clinical factors influence recovery of testosterone?
- What is the saving of cost achieved by dosing the LHRH agonist on the basis of measurement of testosterone as compared to routine 3-monthly injection?
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01056562
|Princess Margaret Hospital|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G2M9|
|Principal Investigator:||Ian F Tannock, MD, PhD||University Health Network, Toronto|