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The Effects of Gum Chewing on Energy Intake and Expenditure

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01043471
First Posted: January 6, 2010
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
The Obesity Society
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine if chewing gum increases energy expenditure and decreases food intake.

Condition Intervention
Obesity Other: Chewing gum Other: Water

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of Gum Chewing on Energy Intake and Expenditure

Further study details as provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in body composition [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of study (6 weeks) ]

Enrollment: 31
Study Start Date: September 2008
Study Completion Date: January 2011
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Chewing gum Other: Chewing gum
Subjects were instructed to chew gum at least 6 times a day in an effort to reduce snacking.
Placebo Comparator: Water Other: Water
Subjects were instructed to drink 8 oz of water at least 6 times a day in an effort to reduce snacking.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 38 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • BMI 27-37, between the ages of 18 and 38

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of chronic disease (e.g. liver, kidney, or heart disease, or diabetes)
  • Medications that affect energy expenditure, appetite, or body composition (e.g. antidepressants, beta blockers, antipsychotic, or weight loss medications)
  • A history of irregular menstrual cycles in women (indication of onset of menopause or other metabolic disturbances such as polycystic ovary syndrome)
  • A history of phenylketonuria (PKU)
  • Symptoms of depression
  • A history of eating disorders
  • Concurrent participation in a weight loss program
  • Cigarette smoking or other tobacco use
  • Jaw problems such as temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
  • Allergies to any of the common components in gum (sweeteners, mint flavors, etc)
  • Heavy gum chewing prior to study ( > 3 times per week)
  • Pregnancy or lactation.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01043471


Locations
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
The Obesity Society
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Leah D Whigham, PhD Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01043471     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H-2007-0342
First Submitted: December 15, 2009
First Posted: January 6, 2010
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2015
Last Verified: October 2015

Keywords provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:
Obesity