The Effects of Gum Chewing on Energy Intake and Expenditure

This study has been completed.
The Obesity Society
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier:
First received: December 15, 2009
Last updated: October 6, 2015
Last verified: October 2015
The purpose of this study is to determine if chewing gum increases energy expenditure and decreases food intake.

Condition Intervention
Other: Chewing gum
Other: Water

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of Gum Chewing on Energy Intake and Expenditure

Further study details as provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in body composition [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of study (6 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 31
Study Start Date: September 2008
Study Completion Date: January 2011
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Chewing gum Other: Chewing gum
Subjects were instructed to chew gum at least 6 times a day in an effort to reduce snacking.
Placebo Comparator: Water Other: Water
Subjects were instructed to drink 8 oz of water at least 6 times a day in an effort to reduce snacking.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 38 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • BMI 27-37, between the ages of 18 and 38

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of chronic disease (e.g. liver, kidney, or heart disease, or diabetes)
  • Medications that affect energy expenditure, appetite, or body composition (e.g. antidepressants, beta blockers, antipsychotic, or weight loss medications)
  • A history of irregular menstrual cycles in women (indication of onset of menopause or other metabolic disturbances such as polycystic ovary syndrome)
  • A history of phenylketonuria (PKU)
  • Symptoms of depression
  • A history of eating disorders
  • Concurrent participation in a weight loss program
  • Cigarette smoking or other tobacco use
  • Jaw problems such as temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
  • Allergies to any of the common components in gum (sweeteners, mint flavors, etc)
  • Heavy gum chewing prior to study ( > 3 times per week)
  • Pregnancy or lactation.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01043471

United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
The Obesity Society
Principal Investigator: Leah D Whigham, PhD Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier: NCT01043471     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H-2007-0342
Study First Received: December 15, 2009
Last Updated: October 6, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:
Obesity processed this record on November 24, 2015