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Lenalidomide as Maintenance Therapy After Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Rituximab and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Persistent or Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma That Is Resistant to Chemotherapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01035463
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 18, 2009
Results First Posted : November 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 8, 2019
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Julie M Vose, MD, University of Nebraska

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of lenalidomide when given after combination chemotherapy with or without rituximab and stem cell transplant and to see how well it works in treating patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma that has not responded to treatment or has returned after a period of improvement and is resistant to chemotherapy. Biological therapies, such as lenalidomide, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, may block cancer growth by targeting certain cells. Giving lenalidomide after combination chemotherapy with or without rituximab may work better in treating patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma, ALK-Negative Recurrent Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Mature T- and NK-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Transformed Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Procedure: Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Drug: Carmustine Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Etoposide Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Melphalan Biological: Rituximab Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of lenalidomide given in the post-transplant setting for a 12 month maintenance period.


I. To obtain preliminary estimates of the 1-year response rate, event-free and overall survival using this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of lenalidomide followed by a phase II study.

PRE-CONDITIONING (patients with cluster of differentiation [CD]20+ non-Hodgkin lymphoma): Patients receive rituximab intravenously (IV) per standard of care.

PREPARATIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive carmustine IV on day -6, etoposide IV twice daily (BID) and cytarabine IV BID on days -5 through -2, and melphalan IV on day -1.

AUTOLOGOUS HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo stem cell infusion on day 0.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Beginning approximately 100 days post-transplant, patients receive lenalidomide orally (PO) on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 74 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of Lenalidomide Maintenance Following BEAM (+/- Rituximab) for Chemo-Resistant or High Risk Non-Hodgkin?s Lymphoma
Actual Study Start Date : November 12, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 27, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : July 27, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (stem cell transplantation)

PRE-CONDITIONING (patients with CD20+ NHL): Patients receive rituximab IV per standard of care.

PREPARATIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive carmustine IV on day -6, etoposide IV BID and cytarabine IV BID on days -5 through -2, and melphalan IV on day -1.

AUTOLOGOUS HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo stem cell infusion on day 0.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Beginning approximately 100 days post-transplant, patients receive lenalidomide PO on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Procedure: Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Undergo autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant
Other Names:
  • Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation
  • autologous stem cell transplantation

Drug: Carmustine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BCNU
  • Becenum
  • Becenun
  • BiCNU
  • Bis(chloroethyl) Nitrosourea
  • Bis-Chloronitrosourea
  • Carmubris
  • Carmustin
  • Carmustinum
  • FDA 0345
  • Gliadel
  • N,N'-Bis(2-chloroethyl)-N-nitrosourea
  • Nitrourean
  • Nitrumon
  • SK 27702
  • SRI 1720
  • WR-139021

Drug: Cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Etoposide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Demethyl Epipodophyllotoxin Ethylidine Glucoside
  • EPEG
  • Lastet
  • Toposar
  • Vepesid
  • VP 16-213
  • VP-16
  • VP-16-213

Drug: Lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • CC5013
  • CDC 501
  • Revlimid

Drug: Melphalan
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Alanine Nitrogen Mustard
  • CB-3025
  • L-PAM
  • L-Phenylalanine Mustard
  • L-sarcolysin
  • L-Sarcolysin Phenylalanine mustard
  • L-Sarcolysine
  • Melphalanum
  • Phenylalanine Mustard
  • Phenylalanine nitrogen mustard
  • Sarcoclorin
  • Sarkolysin
  • WR-19813

Biological: Rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ABP 798
  • BI 695500
  • C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody
  • CT-P10
  • IDEC-102
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • MabThera
  • Monoclonal Antibody IDEC-C2B8
  • PF-05280586
  • Rituxan
  • Rituximab Biosimilar ABP 798
  • Rituximab Biosimilar BI 695500
  • Rituximab Biosimilar CT-P10
  • Rituximab Biosimilar GB241
  • Rituximab Biosimilar IBI301
  • Rituximab Biosimilar PF-05280586
  • Rituximab Biosimilar RTXM83
  • Rituximab Biosimilar SAIT101
  • RTXM83

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose of Lenalidomide (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, 28 days ]
    The Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) is defined to be the dose cohort below which 3 out of 6 subjects experience dose limiting toxicities during cycle 1. Dose limiting toxicities graded using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event-free Survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate the event-free survival distribution.

  2. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate the overall survival distribution. This outcome only reports data as it pertains to overall survival at one year. All-cause mortality includes survival for follow up for all subjects on the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Persistent, or relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) (any histology) that is chemo-resistant (< a partial response [PR]), subjects who have received >= 3 prior chemotherapy regimens, or subjects with lymphomas that have a high relapse rate following autologous or syngeneic stem cell transplantation (transformed NHL, peripheral T-cell lymphoma [PTCL], mantle cell lymphoma, anaplastic lymphoma kinase [ALK]-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma [ALCL, alk neg]), intermediate International Prognostic Index (IPI) or high risk IPI or subjects with a positive positron emission tomography (PET) scan prior to transplant, and otherwise eligible for transplantation with adequate end-organ function
  • Subjects that relapse within one year of diagnosis
  • Able to collect >= 1.5 x 10^6 CD34+/kg cell for transplantation
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000 cells/mm^3 and platelet count >= 60 K when maintenance lenalidomide is started (day 100 post-transplant)
  • Subjects must have calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x ULN
  • Subjects who are seropositive because of hepatitis B virus vaccine
  • Subjects must be willing to give written informed consent, and sign an institutionally approved consent form before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care
  • Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
  • Expected survival duration of >= six months
  • Karnofsky performance status >= 70
  • Subjects > age 60 or with clinical signs of heart disease must have ejection fraction >= 45% left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) pre-transplant
  • Subjects with clinical signs of pulmonary insufficiency must have diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) to be measured at >= 50% of predicted value
  • No serious disease or condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the subject's ability to participate in the study
  • Disease free of prior malignancies for >= 2 years with exception of currently treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "in situ" of the cervix or breast or low risk prostate cancer after curative therapy
  • All study participants must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of Revlimid REMS program
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of prescribing lenalidomide (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, as least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy
  • Females of reproductive potential must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required in the Revlimid REMS program
  • Able to take aspirin (81 or 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (subjects intolerant to acetylsalicylic acid [ASA] may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin)
  • Male subject agrees to use an acceptable method for contraception for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Chemosensitive NHL, except subjects receiving >= 3 prior chemotherapy regimens, or subjects having transformed NHL, PTCL, mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) or ALCL, alk neg
  • End-organ function not appropriate for transplantation
  • Inability to collect adequate stem cells
  • Known positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or infectious hepatitis, type B (HBV) or C (HCV) or active hepatitis
  • Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form
  • Pregnant or breast feeding females; (lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide)
  • Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide or lenalidomide (if applicable)
  • The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs
  • Any prior use of lenalidomide
  • Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments
  • Serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/dL or calculated creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min
  • Active infection at the start of lenalidomide
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities; prior to study entry, any electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant
  • History of life threatening or recurrent thrombosis/embolism; subjects may participate if they are adequately anticoagulated during the treatment
  • Subject has > grade 2 peripheral neuropathy within 14 days before enrollment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01035463

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United States, Kansas
University of Kansas Hospital-Westwood Cancer Center
Westwood, Kansas, United States, 66205
United States, Nebraska
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68198
United States, Ohio
Seidman Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Nebraska
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Julie Vose University of Nebraska
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Julie M Vose, MD, University of Nebraska:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Julie M Vose, MD, Principal Investigator, University of Nebraska Identifier: NCT01035463    
Other Study ID Numbers: 446-08
NCI-2009-01436 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
446-08 ( Other Identifier: University of Nebraska Medical Center )
P30CA036727 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 18, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 8, 2019
Last Update Posted: November 8, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Etoposide phosphate
Nitrogen Mustard Compounds
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic