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Feasibility Study of the Hemolung Respiratory Assist System (Germany)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01021605
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 30, 2009
Last Update Posted : September 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alung Technologies

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Hemolung Respiratory Assist System (RAS) in patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure, COPD, ARDS Device: Hemolung Respiratory Assist System Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The objective of the feasibility study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Hemolung RAS in patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure in five groups of patients:

Group 1: COPD patients with an acute exacerbation and have a 50% likelihood of failure of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) leading to intubation and mechanical ventilation

Group 2: Patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure on invasive mechanical ventilation who have either:

  • Failed two or more weaning attempts OR
  • Failed one or more weaning attempts and do not wish to be invasively mechanically ventilated.

Group 3: Patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure on noninvasive positive pressure ventilation who have failed two weaning attempts and do not wish to be invasively mechanically ventilated.

Group 4: Patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure who in the view of the treating physician are declining on optimized non-invasive positive pressure ventilation OR demonstrate a complete intolerance of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation for any reason and invasive mechanical ventilation is considered undesirable by the treating physician.

Group 5: Patients who are currently invasively mechanically ventilated and in the view of the treating physician would benefit from the application of protective lung ventilation, and in whom this cannot be achieved without significant worsening of respiratory failure.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Non-Randomized Feasibility Study of the Hemolung Respiratory Assist System in Patients With Acute Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure
Study Start Date : December 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Hemolung Respiratory Assist System Device: Hemolung Respiratory Assist System
Patients meeting the inclusion criteria will be placed on the Hemolung Respiratory Assist System. Patients will be weaned from non-invasive or invasive ventilation and then the Hemolung RAS. Hemolung support will be provided for up to 7 days. Follow-up exams will be performed every 15 days until hospital discharge or 30 days from completion of Hemolung therapy, whichever is later.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The ability of the Hemolung to remove a minimum of 50 mL/min of CO2 for up to seven days and reliable performance of the device over the length of use [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
  2. The frequency of occurrence of serious adverse events while on Hemolung therapy and up to 30 days from completion of Hemolung therapy. [ Time Frame: 30 days ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosed hypercapnic respiratory failure (PaCO2 >50mmHg(6.7kPa)) and falling into one of the five groups
  • Not severely hypoxemic (PaO2/FiO2 ≥ 200 mmHg on PEEP/CPAP ≤ 5 cmH2O)
  • Hemodynamically stable: Mean arterial pressure (MAP) > 65 mmHg without vasopressor support, or MAP > 60 mmHg with a requirement for vasopressor support that can be attributed to sedation or dynamic hyperinflation resulting from mechanical ventilation by the treating investigator.
  • Chronic arrhythmias (e.g., atrial fibrillation) well controlled
  • Minimum platelet count of 100,000/mm3
  • Minimum red blood cell count of 2.5 mill/μl

Group 1:

  • Known or suspected severe COPD, as defined by the GOLD criteria
  • On non-invasive positive pressure mechanical ventilation > 1hour with either:
  • PaCO2 > 55 mmHg with pH < 7.25 OR
  • PaCO2 > 55 mmHg with < 5mmHg decrease from baseline and pH < 7.30

Group 2:

  • Intubated or tracheostomized patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure who either:
  • Has failed at least 2 weaning attempts or
  • Has failed at least 1 attempt and wishes not to be invasively mechanically ventilated

Group 3:

  • Patient on NIPPV due to hypercapnic respiratory failure who has failed at least 2 weaning attempts and has refused intubation

Group 4:

  • Patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure who are failing optimal NIPPV or demonstrate a complete intolerance to NIPPV and IMV is considered undesirable

Group 5:

  • Patients who are on IMV and would benefit from the application of lung protective ventilation, and in whom this would not be achieved without significant worsening of respiratory failure
  • On IMV for at least 12 hours
  • pH <7.30 due to respiratory acidosis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of acute, uncontrolled arrhythmia
  • Acute ischemic heart disease
  • Presence of bleeding diathesis
  • Significant abnormality or weakness/paralysis of respiratory muscles due to a know muscular dystrophy or neurologic disorder
  • Recent (< 7 days) prolonged (>24 hrs) use of muscle paralyzing agents
  • Cerebrovascular accident, intracranial bleed, head injury or other neurologic disorder likely to affect ventilation
  • Coma from any cause, or decreased consciousness
  • Hypersensitivity to heparin or previous heparin induced thrombocytopenia
  • Recent (< 6 months) major chest abdominal trauma or surgery
  • Presence of septic shock
  • Presence of a significant pneumothorax or bronchopleural fistula
  • History of uncontrolled major psychiatric disorder
  • Pregnant women
  • Known to have AIDS or to have symptomatic HIV
  • Received chemotherapy or radiation within the previous 90 days
  • Received an organ transplant other than corneal transplants
  • Received or currently receiving immunosuppressive therapy, excluding corticosteroids within the last 3 months
  • Presence of severe renal or liver failures
  • Known vascular abnormality which would complicate or prevent successful insertion of the vascular access catheter in either the right internal jugular vein or right femoral vein
  • Presence of another catheter in both the right internal jugular vein and right femoral vein that cannot be moved to allow insertion of the Hemolung catheter in one of these vessels.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01021605


Locations
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Germany
Thoraxklinik am Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg
Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, 69126
Ruhrlandklinik Das Lungenzentrum Essen-Heidhausen Abt.: Pneumologie
Essen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 45122
Universitätsklinikum Bonn
Bonn, Germany
Klinik Donaustauf
Donaustauf, Germany, 93093
Universitätsmedizin Göttingen
Göttingen, Germany, D-37077
Asklepios Klinik Barmbek
Hamburg, Germany, 22291
Krankenhaus Bethanien
Solingen, Germany, 42699
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alung Technologies
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Felix JF Herth, MD Thoraxklinik-Heidelberg gGmbH
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Alung Technologies
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01021605    
Other Study ID Numbers: HL-CA-1000
First Posted: November 30, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 30, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Alung Technologies:
hypercapnic respiratory failure, COPD, ARDS
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Respiratory Insufficiency
Hypercapnia
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory