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GDC-0449 in Treating Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme That Can Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00980343
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2009
Results First Posted : August 16, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 16, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase II trial is studying how well GDC-0449 works in treating patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme that can be removed by surgery. GDC-0449 may be effective in treating patients with glioblastoma multiforme.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult Giant Cell Glioblastoma Adult Glioblastoma Adult Gliosarcoma Recurrent Adult Brain Tumor Drug: vismodegib Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Other: pharmacological study Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. 6-month progression-free survival (PFS-6) measured from start of treatment following surgery.


I. Toxicity. (Clinical) II. Overall survival. (Clinical) III. Tumor response. Partial Response (PR) + Complete Response (CR): MacDonald criteria). (Clinical)

Correlative Studies

  • Determination of in vivo drug effect in recurrent Glioblastoma Multiform (GBM). (Correlative studies)
  • Determination of in vitro drug effect on CD133+ glioma-derived neurospheres. (Correlative studies)
  • Determination of Sonic Hedgehog pathway activation in primary vs. recurrent GBM. (Correlative studies)


I. Correlate clinical outcome (6 mo PFS) with biologic correlates (1-3) above.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm I: Patients receive oral Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 once daily for 7 days before surgery.

Arm II: Patients do not receive treatment before surgery. Beginning within 28 days after surgical resection, all patients receive oral Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 once daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Fresh and paraffin-embedded tissue samples are collected for correlative laboratory studies.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 2 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Biomarker and Phase II Study of GDC-0449 in Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme
Study Start Date : February 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (pre-surgery vismodegib)

Patients receive oral Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 (vismodegib) once daily for 7 days before therapeutic conventional surgery. Beginning within 28 days after surgical resection, all patients receive oral Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 once daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Other: pharmacological study; laboratory biomarker analysis

Drug: vismodegib
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Erivedge
  • GDC-0449
  • Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449

Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
undergo surgery

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
correlative studies

Other: pharmacological study
correlative studies

Experimental: Arm II (no vismodegib pre-surgery)

Patients do not receive treatment before therapeutic conventional surgery.

Beginning within 28 days after surgical resection, all patients receive oral Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 (vismodegib) once daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis

Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
undergo surgery

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 6 Months Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Estimated using Kaplan Meier curves. six months calculated from date of treatment onset post-operatively. MRI scan at 6 months must be free of progression Progressive disease Progressive neurological abnormalities not explained by other causes or greater than 25% increase in size of tumor or if new lesion.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival Time [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The overall failure rate will be estimated along with 95% confidence intervals. A median time of survival will be estimated using standard methods.. Start date based on onset of treatment.

  2. Best Tumor Response Assessed by the Modified Macdonald Radiographic Response Criteria [ Time Frame: evaluated every 8 weeks - 1 year ]

    The Macdonald criteria, roughly similarly to other systems, divides response into 4 types of response based on imaging (MRI) and clinical features

    1: complete response; 2: partial response; 3:stable disease; 4:progression

    Complete response imaging features: disappearance of all enhancing disease (measurable and non-measurable) sustained for at least 4 weeks; no new lesions clinical features; no corticosteroids; clinically stable or improved

    Partial response imaging features: 50% or more decrease of all measurable enhancing lesions sustained for at least 4 weeks: no new lesions clinical features: stable or reduced corticosteroids; clinically stable or improved

    Stable disease imaging features: does not qualify for complete response, partial response or progression clinical features: clinically stable

    Progression imaging features: 25% of more increase in enhancing lesions; any new lesions clinical features: clinical deterioration

  3. Toxicity Incidence Grade 3 or 4 According to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) v4.0 [ Time Frame: 30 days from last dose of drug treatment - 1.5 years ]
    NCI CTCAE grade 3 or 4 possible, probable or definitely related events Grade 3 - severe Grade 4 - life threatening

  4. Incidence of CD133+ Neurospheres by Arm [ Time Frame: 12 hours post-vismodegib administration ]
    number of tumor-derived CD133 neurospheres undergoing proliferation and self-renewal

  5. Changes in Sonic Hedgehog Pathway Activation [ Time Frame: Pre-tumor resection and post tumor resection (12 hours) ]
    determined by Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) (Gli-1, Gli-2, PATCH (PTCH-1b)

  6. Determine Drug Effect (Pharmacokinetics) in Plasma for Arm 1 [ Time Frame: Day of surgery ]
    samples collected pre tumor resection (day of surgery) and post-tumor resection (day of surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically proven glioblastoma which is progressive or recurrent following radiation therapy +/- chemotherapy
  • Patients must have measurable contrast-enhancing progressive or recurrent glioblastoma by MRI imaging prior to starting treatment; patient must be able to tolerate MRIs
  • Patients must be eligible for surgical resection according to the following criteria:

    • Patient competent to sign consent
    • Expectation that the surgeon can resect >= 50% of the Gd-enhancing tumor with low risk of inducing neurological injury
    • Lack of hematologic, cardiac or other medical contraindications to surgery
    • Surgery must take place Monday-Thursday, with the exception of patients being treated at Cleveland Clinic/University Hospitals: these patients may undergo surgery Monday-Friday
    • Patients must have a tumor size ≥ 2.5 cm in diameter in two perpendicular planes in order to enable correlative studies
  • Paraffin embedded tissue must be available from initial surgical resection at diagnosis (prior to any treatment)
  • Patients may have an unlimited number of prior therapy regimens
  • Patients must have recovered from severe toxicity of prior therapy; the following intervals from previous treatments are required to be eligible:

    • 3 months from the completion of radiation
    • 6 weeks from a nitrosourea chemotherapy
    • 3 weeks from a non-nitrosourea chemotherapy
    • 4 weeks from any investigational (not FDA-approved) agents
    • 2 weeks from administration of a non-cytotoxic, FDA-approved agent (e.g., tarceva, hydroxychloroquine, bevacizumab, etc.)
  • Patients may be on a non-enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drug (non-EIAED); they may not be on an EIAED; if previously on an EIAED, patient must be off for at least 14 days prior to the first dose of GDC-0449
  • Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status >= 60% (i.e. the patient must be able to care for himself/herself with occasional help from others)
  • White blood cells (WBC) ≥ 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ institutional upper limit of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 4.0 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine within institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Patients must be able to provide written informed consent
  • The effects of GDC-0449 on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose are unknown; for this reason and because Hh signal pathway inhibitors are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must use two forms of contraception (i.e., barrier contraception and one other method of contraception) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for at least 12 months post-treatment; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Women of childbearing potential are required to have a negative serum pregnancy test (with a sensitivity of at least 25 milli 0international unit/microliter (mL) within 10-14 days prior to treatment start and be required to agree to have the test repeated within 24 hours prior to the first dose of GDC-0449 (serum or urine); a pregnancy test (serum or urine) will be administered every 4 weeks if their menstrual cycles are regular or every 2 weeks if their cycles are irregular while on study within the 24-hour period prior to the administration of GDC-0449; a positive urine test must be confirmed by a serum pregnancy test; prior to dispensing GDC-0449, the investigator must confirm and document the patient's use of two contraceptive methods, dates of negative pregnancy test, and confirm the patient's understanding of the teratogenic potential of GDC-0449; women of childbearing potential are defined as follows:

    • Patients with regular menses
    • Patients with amenorrhea, irregular cycles, or using a contraceptive method that precludes withdrawal bleeding
    • Women who have had a tubal ligation
  • Women are considered not to be of childbearing potential for the following reasons:

    • The patient has undergone hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy
    • The patient is post-menopausal defined by amenorrhea for at least 1 year in a woman > 45 years old
  • Patients may not be breast-feeding a child
  • Patients must have a Mini Mental State Exam score of >= 15

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with serious concurrent infection or medical illness, which would jeopardize the ability of the patient to receive the treatment outlined in this protocol with reasonable safety, are ineligible
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to GDC-0449 or other agents used in the study are ineligible
  • Patients taking medications with narrow therapeutic indices that are metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP450), including warfarin sodium (Coumadin®) are ineligible
  • GDC-0449 inhibits CYP2C8, CYP2C9, and CYP2C19 drug metabolism enzymes in vitro at concentrations that may be clinically relevant; therefore, caution should be exercised when dosing GDC-0449 concurrently with medications that are substrates of CYP2C8, CYP2C9, and CYP2C19 and have narrow therapeutic windows; in addition, GDC-0449 is a substrate of CYP3A4; however, the in vitro metabolic conversion of GDC-0449 is low; effects of CYP inducers (e.g., carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifabutin, rifampin, St. John's wort, and troglitazone) on clinical concentrations of GDC-0449 are unknown; likewise, the effects of strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 (e.g., clarithromycin, erythromycin, itraconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, and telithromycin) on GDC-0449 clinical concentrations are unknown, and caution should be exercised when dosing GDC-0449 concurrently with inhibitors of CYP3A4
  • Patients with malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with intestinal absorption are ineligible; patients must be able to swallow capsules
  • Patients with clinically important history of liver disease, including viral or other hepatitis or cirrhosis are ineligible
  • Patients with a history of uncontrolled hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia or hypokalemia defined as less than the lower limit of normal for the institution, despite adequate electrolyte supplementation are excluded from this study
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, hypertension, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, are ineligible
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because GDC-0449 is an Hh pathway inhibiting agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with GDC-0449, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with GDC-0449
  • HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with GDC-0449

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00980343

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United States, California
University of California at Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
United States, Georgia
Emory University/Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, North Carolina
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
United States, Ohio
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania/Abramson Cancer Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Charles Nock, MD National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00980343    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02922
NCI-2012-02922 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
ABTC-0904 ( Other Identifier: Adult Brain Tumor Consortium )
ABTC-0904 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U01CA137443 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 21, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 16, 2017
Last Update Posted: August 16, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue