Study Evaluating the Safety and Tolerability of Weekly Dosing of Oral IXAZOMIB in Adult Patients With Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00963820
First received: August 20, 2009
Last updated: July 30, 2015
Last verified: July 2015
  Purpose

The primary objective of this study is to determine the safety profile, tolerability, and maximum tolerated dose of ixazomib citrate (MLN9708) when taken orally on a weekly dosing schedule by patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). Secondary objectives include pharmacokinetics and response rates.


Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Dose-Escalation, Phase 1 Study Evaluating the Safety and Tolerability of Weekly Dosing of the Oral Form of MLN9708, a Second-Generation Proteasome Inhibitor, in Adult Patients With Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Reporting One or More Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From the first dose through 30 days after last dose of ixazomib citrate or until the start of subsequent antineoplastic therapy (Up to 354 days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    An Adverse Event is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a drug; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (eg, a clinically significant abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a drug, whether or not it is considered related to the drug. A treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) is defined as an adverse event with an onset that occurs after receiving study drug.

    A Serious Adverse Event (SAE) was any experience that suggests a significant hazard, contraindication, side effect or precaution that: results in death, is life-threatening, required in-patient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect or is medically significant.


  • Neurotoxicity Grading [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 and End of Study (Up to 354 days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Neurotoxicity is graded using participant responses to 11 functional questions on a 5-point scale, where 0=Not at all and 4=Very much, using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy/Gynecology Oncology Group - Neurotoxicity Questionnaire, Version 4.0(14). Neurotoxicity subscale is a sum of 11 reversed item scores where each original score is transformed as (4 - score). The highest possible score is 44, and a higher score indicates more neurotoxicity.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Cmax: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration for MLN2238 [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax) is the peak plasma concentration of a drug after administration, obtained directly from the plasma concentration-time curve. MLN2238 is the complete hydrolysis product of the study drug ixazomib citrate (MLN9708).

  • Tmax: Time to Reach the Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) for MLN2238 [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tmax: Time to reach the maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax), equal to time to Cmax. MLN2238 is the complete hydrolysis product of the study drug ixazomib citrate (MLN9708).

  • AUC(0-168): Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time 0 to 168 Hours Postdose for MLN2238 [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AUC(0-168) is a measure of the area under the plasma concentration-time curve over the dosing interval (tau) (AUC[0-tau]), where tau is the length of the dosing interval - 168 hours in this study). MLN2238 is the complete hydrolysis product of the study drug ixazomib citrate (MLN9708).

  • Accumulation Ratio: Day 15 AUC0-168 / Day 1 AUC0-168 for MLN2238 [ Time Frame: Day 15 of Cycle 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    MLN2238 is the complete hydrolysis product of the study drug ixazomib citrate (MLN9708).

  • Terminal Elimination Rate Constant (λz) for MLN2238 [ Time Frame: Day 15 of Cycle 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Terminal elimination rate constant (λz) is the rate at which drugs are eliminated from the body and the values were used for calculation of T1/2. MLN2238 is the complete hydrolysis product of the study drug ixazomib citrate (MLN9708).

  • Terminal Phase Elimination Half-life (T1/2) for MLN2238 [ Time Frame: Day 15 of Cycle 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Terminal phase elimination half-life (T1/2) is the time required for half of the drug to be eliminated from the plasma. MLN2238 is the complete hydrolysis product of the study drug ixazomib citrate (MLN9708).

  • Emax: Maximum Inhibition [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A Whole Blood 20S Proteasome Inhibition Parameter. There were no subjects in the Pharmacodynamic (PD) Analysis Set for the 2.23 mg/m^2 cohort, so PD tables do not include that arm.

  • TEmax: Time of Occurrence of Emax [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall Response to Treatment With Ixazomib Citrate Based on Investigator's Evaluation Over Time [ Time Frame: Up to 354 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Responses were based on International Myeloma Working Group Uniform Criteria. Complete Response (CR)=Negative immunofixation on serum and urine and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas and <5% plasma cells in bone marrow.

    Partial Response (PR)= reduction in M-Protein ≥50% in serum and ≥90% in 24-hour urine. If M-protein unmeasurable, ≥50% decrease in difference of involved and uninvolved Free Light Chain (FLC). If M-protein and FLC unmeasurable, ≥50% reduction in plasma cells is required, if baseline bone marrow plasma cell ≥30%. And ≥50% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas.

    Minimal Response (MR)= 25-49% reduction in serum paraprotein for 6 weeks. 50-89% reduction in 24 hour urinary light chain excretion for 6 weeks. For Non-secretory myeloma patients, 25-49 % reduction in plasma cells in bone marrow and trephine biopsy for a 6 weeks. 25-49% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas. No increase in the size or number of lytic bone lesions.



Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: October 2009
Study Completion Date: January 2014
Primary Completion Date: September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 0.24 mg/m^2
Ixazomib citrate, 0.24 mg/m^2, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the dose escalation period. All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: 0.48 mg/m^2
Ixazomib citrate, 0.48 mg/m^2, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the dose escalation period. All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: 0.80 mg/m^2
Ixazomib citrate, 0.80 mg/m^2, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the dose escalation period. All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: 1.20 mg/m^2
Ixazomib citrate, 1.20 mg/m^2, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the dose escalation period.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: 1.68 mg/m^2
Ixazomib citrate, 1.68 mg/m^2, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the dose escalation period. All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: 2.23 mg/m^2
Ixazomib citrate, 2.23 mg/m^2, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the dose escalation period. All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: 2.97 mg/m^2
Ixazomib citrate, 2.97 mg/m^2, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the dose escalation period. All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: 3.95 mg/m^2
Ixazomib citrate, 3.95 mg/m^2, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the dose escalation period. All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: Relapsed and Refractory (RR)
Ixazomib citrate, 2.97 mg/m^2 established Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD), capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the Relapsed and Refractory (RR) expansion cohort. All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: VELCADE-Relapsed (VR)
Ixazomib citrate, 2.97 mg/m^2 established MTD, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the VELCADE-relapsed (VR) expansion cohort. All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: PI naïve
Ixazomib citrate, 2.97 mg/m^2 established MTD, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in expansion cohort of participants who were proteasome inhibitor-naïve (PI naïve). All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708
Experimental: Carfilzomib
Ixazomib citrate, 2.97 mg/m^2 established MTD, capsules, orally, once weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle in the expansion cohort of participants who received their last dose of carfilzomib between 21 and 60 days prior to the first dose of ixazomib citrate. All dose amounts are expressed as the dose of ixazomib, the biologically active moiety of ixazomib citrate.
Drug: Ixazomib citrate
Ixazomib citrate capsules
Other Name: MLN9708

Detailed Description:

The drug being tested in this study is called ixazomib citrate (MLN9708). Ixazomib citrate is being tested for people who have multiple myeloma who have relapsed after treatment or become unresponsive to treatment.

This study will determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ixazomib citrate using a dose escalation scheme. Once MTD is established, participants will be enrolled at MTD into one of the 4 expansion cohorts to characterize the safety, tolerability and efficacy of MLN9708. Blood samples for safety labs, hematology, serum chemistry and pharmacokinetic evaluations will be obtained at the timepoints specified. Disease response assessment is to be performed on the first day of every other cycle beginning with Cycle 3.

The study will enroll approximately 60 patients. All participants will receive treatment with ixazomib citrate. This multi-center trial will be conducted in the United States. The overall time to participate in this study is up to 60 days, and participants will make 12-16 visits to the clinic for study procedures.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Each patient must meet all of the following eligibility criteria to be enrolled in the study:

  • Adult patients with multiple myeloma who have relapsed following at least 2 lines of therapy.
  • Patients must have measurable disease.
  • Appropriate functional status, including the recovery from the effects of prior antineoplastic therapy, and acceptable organ function as described in the protocol.
  • Female patients who are post menopausal, surgically sterile, or agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception or abstain from heterosexual intercourse.
  • Male patients who agree to practice effective barrier contraception or agree to abstain from heterosexual intercourse.
  • Willing and able to give written informed consent.
  • Suitable venous access for study-required blood sampling.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Peripheral neuropathy that is greater or equal to Grade 2.
  • Major surgery or, serious infections, or infections that required systemic antibiotic therapy within 14 days before the first dose of study drug.
  • Life-threatening illness unrelated to cancer.
  • Diarrhea that is greater than Grade 1 as outlined in the protocol
  • Systemic antineoplastic or radiation therapy within 14 days or cytotoxic agents, or treatment with any investigational products within 21 days before the first dose of study treatment.
  • Treatment with any investigational proteasome inhibitor.
  • Systemic treatment with prohibited medications that are outlined in the protocol within 14 days of study treatment.
  • Ongoing therapy with corticosteroids greater than 10mg of prednisone or its equivalent per day.
  • Central nervous system involvement.
  • Evidence of current uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions, including cardiac arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, angina, or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive, hepatitis B surface antigen-positive status, or known or suspected active hepatitis C infection.
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to the protocol.
  • Known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption of tolerance of IXAZOMIB including difficulty swallowing.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00963820

Locations
United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic- Scottsdale
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259
United States, California
James R. Berenson, MD, Inc
West Hollywood, California, United States, 90069
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
United States, New York
Weill-Cornell Medical College
New York City, New York, United States, 10011
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Monitor Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  More Information

No publications provided by Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00963820     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C16004, U1111-1166-8401
Study First Received: August 20, 2009
Results First Received: May 29, 2015
Last Updated: July 30, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
Relapsed multiple myeloma
Refractory multiple myeloma
Drug therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Blood Protein Disorders
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Hemostatic Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Paraproteinemias
Vascular Diseases
Glycine
Proteasome Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Glycine Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protease Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 03, 2015