Human Atherosclerotic Plaque Inflammation Imaged Using PDG-PET/CT

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00958815
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 13, 2009
Last Update Posted : June 26, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kevin Yarasheski, Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
People with diabetes are at increased risk for atherosclerosis and have high CVD morbidity and mortality rates. Tools for detecting and quantifying atherosclerotic pro/regression in people with diabetes and other CVD risk factors lack sensitivity and specificity for molecular level events that occur during the early stages of atherogenesis. Inflammatory macrophage infiltration in the vessel endothelium is an early, molecular level proatherogenic event. Activated macrophages consume glucose at a high rate. Novel in vivo radiotracer PET/CT techniques have been developed to detect, image and quantify molecular level events like macrophage inflammation and glucose utilization (18FDG) in human vessels. We propose to develop and test this novel technique in the Center for Clinical Imaging Research (CCIR) at WUMS. We propose that HIV-infected people with significant CVD risk profiles are a suitable, unique human model for testing these novel imaging techniques. HIV-infected people taking anti-HIV medications develop insulin resistance, T2DM, dyslipidemia, central adiposity, and hypertension. HIV replicates in macrophages and represents a chronic proinflammatory condition. Recent data indicate that HIV+ CVD risk have greater risk for atherosclerosis and MI than HIV-negative people. To test feasibility, we hypothesize that: a.18FDG-PET/CT imaging will detect more macrophage glucose uptake and inflammation in the carotid and aorta arteries of HIV-infected people with CVD risk than in HIV-negative controls; b. radiotracer PET/CT measures of proatherogenic processes will correlate with carotid intima media thickness; a standard measure of carotid atherosclerotic burden. We propose to obtain pilot data that shows feasibility for a novel analytical approach that will expand capabilities for researchers interested in studying the links between diabetes, inflammation, and CVD in humans.

Condition or disease
Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Cardiovascular Disease HIV/AIDS HIV Infections

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Human Atherosclerotic Plaque Inflammation Imaged Using PDG-PET/CT
Study Start Date : March 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

HIV-seronegative with no CVD risk factors
Healthy, 35-60 yr old HIV-seronegative men and women with no CVD risk factors (normal fasting glucose tolerance, normal fasting lipid/lipoprotein levels, normotensive, waist circumference <102cm (men) and <88cm (women).
HIV+ with CVD risk factors
35-60 yr old HIV-infected men and women with insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and central adiposity.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Standard uptake values (SUV) for 18Fluoro-deoxyglucose in the carotid vessels and aorta of HIV-infected people with cardiovascular disease risk factors and compared to the same in HIV-seronegative people with no cardiovascular disease risk factors. [ Time Frame: Baseline ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Carotid intima media thickness measures will be compared to carotid 18FDG SUV. [ Time Frame: Baseline ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Subjects will be recruited through the AIDS Clinical Trials Unit (ACTU), Washington University Infectious Diseases Clinics, primary care physicians in the community who refer patients to these clinics and Volunteers for Health (VFH).

Inclusion Criteria for HIV+ group:

  • confirmed HIV+ status
  • 35-60 years old
  • stable ART for at least the past 4 mos
  • CD4 count >200 cells/µL
  • HIV RNA <40copies/mL
  • fasting glucose=100-126 mg/dL
  • 2hr-oGTT glucose=140-200mg/dL
  • fasting triglycerides >150mg/dL
  • HDL-cholesterol <40mg/dL (men), <50mg/dL (women)
  • resting blood pressure>130/85mmHg
  • waist circumference >102cm(men), >88cm(women)
  • BMI 25-35 kg/m2

For HIV-negative control group:

  • Confirmed HIV negative status
  • 35-60 years old
  • fasting glucose<100mg/dL,
  • 2hr-oGTT glucose<140mg/dL
  • fasting triglycerides<150mg/dL
  • HDL-cholesterol >40mg/dL (men), >50mg/dL(women)
  • normal BP (<130/85mmHg)
  • no central adiposity (waist circ.<102cm(men), <88cm(women)
  • BMI (25-35 kg/m2)

Exclusion Criteria for both groups:

  • history of heart disease, MI, stroke, transient ischemic attack, kidney or liver disease (active hepatitis B or C), dementia
  • statins, fibrates, TZDs, antihypertensives, low dose aspirin, or other prescribed/over-the-counter agents with anti-inflammatory properties
  • cocaine and methamphetamine users
  • serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dL
  • pregnant women
  • cognitive impairment that limits ability to provide voluntary informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00958815

United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
St.Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Principal Investigator: Kevin E Yarasheski, PhD Washington University School of Medicine

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Kevin Yarasheski, Professor of Medicine, Cell Biology & Physiology, Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine Identifier: NCT00958815     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 18FDG (completed)
First Posted: August 13, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 26, 2012
Last Verified: June 2012

Keywords provided by Kevin Yarasheski, Washington University School of Medicine:
vascular imaging
rupture prone plaques
treatment experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Cardiovascular Diseases
Insulin Resistance
Plaque, Atherosclerotic
Pathologic Processes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical