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Does Portion Size Influence Intake of Low-Energy-Dense Foods in Preschool-aged Children?

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00936507
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 10, 2009
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hollie Raynor, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this randomized controlled study using a crossover design is to investigate the main effect of portion size and food type (low-energy dense vs. high-energy dense) on caloric intake.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Caloric Intake Other: Energy Density/Portion Size Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this investigation is to examine the impact of portion size on intake of a low energy dense food (fruit). Preschool-aged children will be provided with a small and large portion of applesauce (low-energy-dense food) and chocolate pudding (higher-energy-dense food) and allowed to eat the foods ad libitum during an afternoon snack in their usual preschool classroom. Measures of the amount of each food (grams and kilocalories) consumed will be taken.

The following hypotheses are proposed:

  1. A significant main effect of portion size will occur, such that children will consume more food, both in grams and kilocalories, in the large portion as compared to the small portion conditions.
  2. A main effect of food type on caloric intake will occur, such that children will consume less calories in the applesauce condition as compared to the pudding condition, due to the differences in energy density of these foods. It is not anticipated that a difference in grams consumed from each food will occur.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Other
Actual Study Start Date : September 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2008

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Low-ED, small portion Other: Energy Density/Portion Size
Experimental: Low-ED, large portion Other: Energy Density/Portion Size
Experimental: High-ED, small portion Other: Energy Density/Portion Size
Experimental: High-ED, large portion Other: Energy Density/Portion Size




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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All children that are ≥3 years of age enrolled in the ELC preschool with parental consent can participate.
  • Eligible children must also like both the applesauce and the pudding, and be able to consume foods with a spoon.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children allergic to applesauce or chocolate pudding or who are lactose- intolerant will not be included in the study.
  • Did not attend all feeding sessions.
  • Did not consume more than 5 grams from any of the foods on an occasion.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00936507


Locations
United States, Tennessee
Healthy Eating and Activity Laboratory, University of Tennessee
Knoxville, Tennessee, United States, 37996
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Responsible Party: Hollie Raynor, Professor, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00936507     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1-Smith
First Posted: July 10, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018

Keywords provided by Hollie Raynor, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville:
energy density
portion size
child feeding