To Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of TMC207 as Part of an Individualized Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) Treatment Regimen in Participants With Sputum Smear-positive Pulmonary MDR-TB.
Drug: Background Regimen (BR) for MDR-TB
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase II, Open-label Trial With TMC207 as Part of a Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) Treatment Regimen in Subjects With Sputum Smear-positive Pulmonary Infection With MDR-TB.|
- The Median Time to Sputum Culture Conversion [ Time Frame: Up to Week 24 ]The table below shows the median time in days to culture conversion for the modified intent-to-treat (mITT) population up to Week 24. Sputum culture conversion is defined as 2 consecutive sputum cultures negative for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) taken at least 25 days apart. Participants who discontinued during the 24-week period were considered non-responders (based on Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube [MGIT]).
- The Percentage of Participants With Sputum Culture Conversion [ Time Frame: Week 120 ]The table below shows the percentage of participants who were responders to treatment. Sputum culture conversion is defined as 2 consecutive sputum cultures negative for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) taken at least 25 days apart. Participants who discontinued or died during the trial were considered non-responders.
|Study Start Date:||September 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
TMC207 400mg once daily for 2 weeks then 200mg three times a week for 22 weeks in addition to Background Regimen (BR) for the treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB).
TMC207 400mg once daily for 2 weeks then 200mg three times a week for 22 weeks.Drug: Background Regimen (BR) for MDR-TB
Background Regimen (BR) of antibacterial drugs used in the treatment of TB according to national TB program and selected at the baseline visit as specified in the protocol for up to 96 weeks.
This is a Phase II, open-label (all people involved know the identity of the intervention) trial to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of TMC207 as part of an individualized Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment regimen in participants with sputum smear-positive pulmonary MDR-TB. Approximately 225 participants will receive TMC207 for 24 weeks in combination with an individualized background regimen (BR) of antibacterial drugs used in the treatment of TB according to national and international guidelines and selected at the baseline visit. TMC207 dosage will be 400 mg once daily (q.d.) for the first 2 weeks and 200 mg 3 times/week (t.i.w.) for the following 22 weeks. Upon completion of the 24-week treatment with TMC207, all participants will continue to receive their BR under the care of their physician and in accordance with national TB program (NTP) treatment guidelines.
Additionally, the pharmacokinetics (how the body absorbs, distributes, metabolizes and eliminates a drug) of TMC207 and its N-monodesmethyl metabolite (M2), and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (the study of the action or effects a drug has on the body) relationships for safety and efficacy will be assessed. Safety evaluations that will be performed are lab tests, vital signs, ECG, reporting of adverse events, physical examinations and X-rays.
All participants will be followed up for 19 months after their last intake of TMC207. Also participants who prematurely withdraw (unless they withdraw consent) will be followed for this period or until the last follow-up visit for the last patient in the trial. Investigators will be asked to provide information about the survival/clinical outcome of these participants throughout the follow-up period, approximately every 6 months.
Primary outcome is time to sputum culture conversion in Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) during and beyond treatment with TMC207. Sputum culture conversion will be defined as 2 consecutive negative cultures from sputa collected at least 28 days apart.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00910871
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|Study Director:||Janssen Infectious Diseases BVBA Clinical Trial||Janssen Infectious Diseases BVBA|