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Early Immune Responses to Vaccination - A Substudy to HVTN 205

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00908323
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 25, 2009
Last Update Posted : October 15, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
HVTN 908 is a sub study of the HIV vaccine trial, HVTN 205. The purpose of this sub study is to better understand how a person's immune system responds to vaccines, particularly HIV vaccines. More specifically, researchers will determine whether early responses in the immune system help predict strong and long-lasting immunity.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
HIV Infections Biological: JS7 DNA vaccine Biological: MVA/HIV62 vaccine

Detailed Description:

Some of the first HIV vaccines were designed to trigger neutralizing antibody responses as a way to prevent HIV infection. Unfortunately, the first versions of these vaccines were not able to achieve their desired response. An alternative strategy to the antibody approach is the stimulation of HIV-specific CD8 T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses. CTL responses were previously demonstrated to play an important role in the control of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), the HIV equivalent studied in rhesus macaque monkeys. Additionally, other studies suggest CTLs play an important role in viral control during chronic infection. Based on this information, several groups have shifted their focus to the development of CTL-based vaccines, some of which have entered advanced clinical trials.

A DNA/rMVA vaccine strategy is structured to bring about both T cell and antibody responses. The primary vaccination is DNA based and will express only HIV proteins as a way to produce an HIV-focused immune response. A secondary, rMVA boost vaccination, which expresses both HIV and MVA proteins will ideally amplify the focused response of the initial vaccination. The DNA and rMVA are physically two different vaccinations given at separate times but together they make up one preventive regimen. Both vaccine components express non-infectious virus-like particles.

The main study, HVTN 205 will evaluate the safety of and immune response to a two vaccine regimen in healthy, HIV-uninfected adults who never received an HIV preventive vaccine before. HVTN 205 will include two parts, Part A, in which the two vaccine regimen is compared to a placebo, and Part B, in which the two vaccine regimen will be compared to both a placebo and a single vaccine regimen with the rMVA vaccine.

HVTN 908 is a sub study of HVTN 205, and will explore the innate immune response to candidate HIV vaccines. In particular, researchers will study whether early immune response following vaccination can predict strong and long-lasting immunity. They will also study whether varying types of vaccines promote different immune responses soon after vaccination.

Only participants enrolled in HVTN 205 are eligible for HVTN 908. Approximately 50 participants will be recruited for the duration of 12 months per participant. The study will last for a total of 2 years, including enrollment, follow-up, and analysis. Potential participants of the sub study will undergo a screening visit before eligibility can be determined. Screening may involve a physical exam, health history, and blood tests.

There will be some additional visits for participants of HVTN 908 that are not included in the main study. Some main study visits may also take extra time for participants enrolled in the sub study. Blood samples will be taken at study visits. These samples are taken in addition to those for the main study.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 47 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Characterization of the Innate Immune Response to Candidate HIV Vaccines, an Ancillary Study to HVTN 205
Study Start Date : July 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS Vaccines

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Participants receiving the JS7 DNA and MVA/HIV62 vaccinations in HVTN 205
Biological: JS7 DNA vaccine
Biological: MVA/HIV62 vaccine
Participants receiving the placebos of the JS7 DNA and MVA/HIV62 vaccines in HVTN 205
Biological: JS7 DNA vaccine
Biological: MVA/HIV62 vaccine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Blood concentrations of lymphocyte populations, dendritic cells, monocytes, and granulocytes [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
  2. Serum concentrations of cytokines and chemokines [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
  3. Changes in PBMC gene expression relative to prevaccine levels of key genes expected to change, such as IP-10 and MCP-1 [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Blood samples 30 - 90 mL per visit

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Participants enrolled in HVTN 205

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Scheduled receipt of a vaccine or placebo in HVTN 205
  • For participants in Part B of HVTN 205, enrollment in HVTN 908 and HVTN 205 at the same time
  • HVTN 908 assessment of understanding: completion of a questionnaire prior to enrollment; demonstration of understanding for all questionnaire items answered incorrectly.
  • Body weight of 50 kg (110 lbs) or more
  • Hemoglobin of 12.0 g/dL or more for female volunteers, and 13.0 g/dL or more for male volunteers
  • Negative HIV-1 and -2 blood test

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically significant medical condition, physical examination finding, clinically significant abnormal laboratory results, or past medical history with clinically significant implications for current health. More information on this criterion can be found in the study protocol.
  • Any medical, psychiatric, or occupational, or other condition that, in the judgment of the investigator, would interfere with, or serve as a contraindication to, protocol adherence, or a participant's ability to give informed consent
  • Pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00908323

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United States, Alabama
Alabama Vaccine CRS
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Bridge HIV CRS
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
United States, Washington
Seattle Vaccine and Prevention CRS
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109-1024
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Study Chair: Erica Andersen-Nissen, PhD Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00908323    
Other Study ID Numbers: HVTN 908
10806 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
First Posted: May 25, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 15, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
HIV Seronegativity
HIV Preventive Vaccine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Blood-Borne Infections
Communicable Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Genital Diseases
Urogenital Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs