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Confocal Probe-based Endoscopic Imaging, Colorectal Cancer, Gastrointestinal (GI) Pathologies (ASGE-FNDT-1)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00874263
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 2, 2009
Last Update Posted : June 22, 2012
American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael Wallace, Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:

The recently developed endoscopic Confocal probe microscopy system allows imaging of surface epithelium during ongoing endoscopy (upper and lower) with the potential of immediate diagnosis of various GI pre-malignant and malignant lesions. The purpose of this study is to determine if using this new Confocal probe system can find pre-cancerous abnormalities in the stomach and colon.

Hypothesis: The confocal endomicroscopy images of colorectal lesions during the standard colonoscopies could help the classification in vivo of colorectal neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. This could direct further endoscopic interventions such as targeted biopsies of early colorectal cancer lesions and the endoscopic resection of such lesions during screening colonoscopies.

Primary Aim

  1. To determine the key confocal image features of neoplastic and pre-neoplastic colorectal lesions including flat and raised adenomatous polyps, intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer as well as benign lesions such as hyperplastic polyps and normal colonic epithelium and to estimate which morphologic features best distinguish neoplastic and non-neoplastic tissues.

    Secondary Aims:

  2. To determine the initial sensitivity and specificity of confocal microendoscopy imaging for classification of adenomatous from hyperplastic polyps of the colon.
  3. In this exploratory phase of the study to develop a library of confocal microendoscopic imaging characteristics of other GI pathologies such as:

    1. Barrett's esophagus in comparison to Barrett's esophagus with dysplasia, and normal squamous esophagus.
    2. Other encountered inflammatory and neoplastic conditions within the GI tract in which biopsy or removal of tissue would routinely be indicated.

The second phase of the study will focus on establishing the sensitivities, specificities, accuracy of confocal images of colorectal lesions and other GI pathologies as well as inter-observer agreement and learning curve in interpretation of confocal images.

Condition or disease
Colonic Polyps Esophageal Diseases

Detailed Description:
Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death in the U.S. Although removal of pre-malignant polyps has been shown to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, up to 50% of removed colonic polyps are hyperplastic with no malignant potential. Removal of these benign polyps exposes the patient to polypectomy-related complications and cost without any benefit. Current standard endoscopes with the use of accessory confocal endomicroscopy probe will allow both routine and confocal microscopy imaging. Colonoscopies or upper endoscopies will be performed as routine including conscious sedation. A special fiber through the scope, combined with a small amount of dye called fluorescein given by vein, will be used to obtain microscopic views during the endoscopic procedure. If a colorectal lesion or other GI lesion is found that would normally require biopsy, the site of biopsy will be evaluated by confocal imaging with the Cellvizio-GI Fiberoptic probes prior to biopsy or removal of the suspicious tissue. Following image acquisition, the lesion will be biopsied or removed as per standard clinical care. Standard endoscopic variables for each lesion will be recorded including: name and record number, date, time, an exact time of fluorescein injection and time of image acquisition, lesion location, size, and suspected findings (inflammation, dysplasia, type of polyp) and final histological diagnosis.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 225 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: The Role of Endoscopic Confocal Microscopy in Diagnosing Colorectal Cancer and Other Gastrointestinal Pathologies in Vivo
Study Start Date : March 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Endoscopic Confocal microscopy may help distinguish small adenomatous polyps with malignant potential from non-neoplastic (hyperplastic) polyps in real- time enabling immediate diagnosis and removal of only polyps with truly malignant potential. [ Time Frame: one year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Endoscopic Confocal microscopy has the potential to fundamentally change the way endoscopy and pathology interact by allowing near histological-quality imaging in vivo, without the need, risk, and cost of tissue removal. [ Time Frame: one year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
All patients presenting to Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida for a screening, surveillance colonoscopy, and/or a diagnostic and surveillance upper endoscopy, will be eligible based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Eligible patients will be offered entry into the study on the day of the procedure in the hospital GI or Mayo Clinic Jacksonville endoscopy suites.

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Ages 18 to 100
  2. Any patient undergoing screening and/or surveillance colonoscopy and/or upper endoscopy with possible biopsy or removal of tissue by polypectomy

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Unwilling to consent
  2. Allergy to fluorescein
  3. Lack of any pathological state that would require biopsy at the time of endoscopy (will be considered "screen failure" since this will not be known until after consent is obtained and sedated endoscopy performed)
  4. Women of child-bearing age who are sexually active and not practicing an acceptable form of contraception

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00874263

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United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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Principal Investigator: Michael B Wallace, M.D. Mayo Clinic
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Michael Wallace, Principal Investigator, Mayo Clinic Identifier: NCT00874263    
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-007521
First Posted: April 2, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 22, 2012
Last Verified: June 2012
Keywords provided by Michael Wallace, Mayo Clinic:
Probe-based imaging of GI pre-malignant or malignant lesions
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Esophageal Diseases
Colonic Polyps
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Polyps
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical