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Lopinavir/r Monotherapy Versus Abacavir/Lamivudine and Lopinavir/r for Limb Fat Recovery in Persons With Lipoatrophy (KRETA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00865007
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 19, 2009
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy for the recovery of peripheral fat of lopinavir/ritonavir in monotherapy versus abacavir/lamivudine and lopinavir/ritonavir in subjects who developed lipoatrophy while receiving zidovudine plus lamivudine plus abacavir.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infection Lipodystrophy HIV Infections Drug: Monotherapy (Lopinavir/ritonavir) Drug: Monotherapy (Lopinavir/ritonavir) + ABC/3TC Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 88 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase IV-III Comparative, Randomized, Open-label Study to Evaluate the Efficacy for the Recovery of Peripheral Fat (or of the Extremities) of Lopinavir/Ritonavir in Monotherapy Versus Abacavir/Lamivudine and Lopinavir/Ritonavir
Study Start Date : December 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Monotherapy group
Lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r).
Drug: Monotherapy (Lopinavir/ritonavir)
NRTI sparing

Active Comparator: Triple arm
Lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r)+ ABC/3TC
Drug: Monotherapy (Lopinavir/ritonavir)
NRTI sparing

Drug: Monotherapy (Lopinavir/ritonavir) + ABC/3TC
NRTI sparing regimen

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Absolute change in limb fat measured by DEXA at 48w [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Absolute change in limb-fat measured by DEXA at 96 weeks [ Time Frame: 96 weeks ]
  2. Lipid changes at Week 24, 48, 72 and 96 [ Time Frame: 96 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Confirmation of the willingness of the patient to participate in this study after being informed on all the aspects of the trial that may influence their decision, signing and dating the written informed consent form approved by the Ethics Committee.
  • The patient is 18 years of age or older.
  • (Documented) HIV-1 infection.
  • Receiving treatment with ZDV+3TC+ABC (in continuous antiretroviral treatment, without discontinuation periods, for the past 6 months).
  • There is confirmation that during the 6 months prior to inclusion in the study the viral burdens were below 50 copies/mL.
  • A viral burden below 50 copies/mL no more than 30 days before starting the study.
  • No previous history of virological failure while on antiretroviral treatment with protease inhibitors (PIs). That is, they have never switched protease inhibitors for suspected or documented virological failure. The changes in protease inhibitor due solely to toxicity, simplification or optimization are acceptable.
  • Clinical evidence of moderate to severe lipoatrophy (according to the case definition as scoring >- 2. For inclusion in the study, the subject should have moderate to severe lipoatrophy in at least one site, and defined by the physician.
  • Absence of signs of acute disease.
  • Patient has not been treated for an active opportunistic infection within the 30 days prior to the baseline visit.
  • Patient with Karnofsky index >- 70.
  • During the study, the patient does not require and agrees not to take any of the following drugs that are contraindicated with LPV/r: astemizole, terfenadine, midazolam, triazolam, cisapride, certain ergot derivatives (ergotamine, dihydroergotamine, ergonovine, methylergonovine), pimozide, propafenone, and flecainide. Rifampin, a potent enzyme inducer, should not be administered with the study medication due to the possibility of a significant decrease in LPV/r concentrations during concomitant administration, nor drugs contraindicated with 3TC and ABC that in principle should not be being taken, as they are part of the treatment at the screening.
  • Patient agrees not to take any medication, including over-the-counter medicines, alcohol, drugs, or herbal preparations without the knowledge and approval of the principal investigator.
  • Laboratory tests have been performed on the patients in the past 30 days:
  • G/dL hemoglobin >8.0
  • Absolute neutrophil count 750 cells/microl
  • Platelet count 20,000/microl
  • ALT or AST <5 x upper normal limit (UNL)
  • Creatinine <1. 5 x UNL
  • Triglycerides <750 mg/dL.
  • For women, a negative result of a pregnancy test is available and they agree to use throughout the study a barrier contraceptive method of proven reliability in the investigator's opinion.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a history of virological failure on treatment with PIs; that is, that they have at some point switched to PIs for confirmed or documented virological failure.
  • Patients with positive serum hepatitis B surface antigen.
  • Patients requiring treatment with drugs where combination with LPV/r is contraindicated.
  • Presence of active opportunistic disease or wasting syndrome or under antitumoral treatment with chemotherapy.
  • Patients treated in the previous 16 weeks with agents susceptible to insulin (glitazones or metformin), anabolic steroids, growth hormone or any agent that could interfere with the study drugs.
  • Active drug addiction or psychiatric disease that may prevent protocol compliance. Use of cannabis or being on methadone treatment are excepted, provided protocol compliance is not compromised in the investigator's opinion.
  • Pregnant women or nursing mothers, and women of childbearing age if they do not agree to use a barrier contraceptive method throughout the study of proven reliability in the investigator's opinion.
  • In the opinion of the principal investigator, the patient is unlikely to comply with the study protocol, or the patient is not eligible for any other reason.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00865007

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Hospital Severo Ochoa
Leganes, Madrid, Spain, 28911
Hospital Xeral Cies
Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, 36204
Hospital de Donostia
Donostia, San Sebastian, Spain, 20014
Hospital de Basurto
Bilbao, Vizcaya, Spain, 48013
Hospital General Universitario de Alicante
Alicante, Spain, 03010
Hospital Sant Creu i Sant Pau
Barcelona, Spain, 08025
Hospital Clinico y Provincial
Barcelona, Spain, 08036
Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia
Cordoba, Spain, 14004
Hospital La Paz
Madrid, Spain, 28006
Hospital Doce de Octubre
Madrid, Spain, 28041
Hospital La Paz
Madrid, Spain, 28046
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Chair: Jose Ignacio Bernardino Hospital La Paz
Study Chair: Jose Ramon Arribas Hospital La Paz
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Fundacion SEIMC-GESIDA
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00865007    
Other Study ID Numbers: GESIDA-6008
2008-003748-12 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: March 19, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 22, 2013
Last Verified: March 2013
Keywords provided by Fundacion SEIMC-GESIDA:
treatment experienced
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Communicable Diseases
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Blood-Borne Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Skin Diseases, Metabolic
Skin Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Viral Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents