Intermittent Preventive Treatment for Malaria in Infants in Navrongo Ghana
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.
Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00857077
: March 6, 2009
Last Update Posted
: January 26, 2017
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Navrongo Health Research Centre, Navrongo, Ghana.
Kintampo Health Research Centre, Ghana
Department for International Development, United Kingdom
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brian Greenwood, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Evaluation of the safety and effectiveness of malaria intermittent chemotherapy and iron supplementation delivered through Expanded Programme on Immunisation vaccination clinics.
Condition or disease
Drug: Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamineDrug: Placebo
Anaemia is one of the main disease burdens of children in developing countries. Severe anaemia is often fatal, while moderate anaemia leads to growth and cognitive disorders. The incidence of anaemia in children is extremely high in malaria endemic areas since episodes of clinical malaria and asymptomatic parasitaemia result in red cell destruction. It has been shown in Tanzania that the incidence of severe anaemia in infants can be reduced by 30% by regular administration of iron supplements, and by 60% if regular malaria chemoprophylaxis is given in addition. One way to operationalise this research finding, with minimal additional cost to governments and communities, is to link the distribution of iron and antimalarial drugs to the EPI programme. We propose a community-randomised trial to study the effectiveness of intermittent iron supplements and malaria chemotherapy in reducing the incidence of anaemia and clinical malaria, and to investigate any possible interactions of iron and antimalarial drugs with EPI vaccines. The study will have two arms: children in both arms will receive monthly supplies of twice weekly iron supplements when they attend EPI and growth monitoring clinics. In addition, children in arm 1 will receive a placebo when they receive Polio/DPT 2, Polio/DPT 3 and measles vaccines, while those in arm 2 will receive sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP). The baseline incidence of anaemia and malaria, and immune response to EPI vaccines, will be estimated in a sample of children from a non-intervention area adjacent to the study area. The immune response to EPI vaccines, drug side-effects, and the incidence of anaemia and malaria will be compared between the two arms of the study and with the non-intervention area. Any possible 'rebound' in malaria incidence due to impairment of immunity will be monitored and treated during the six months after stopping the chemotherapy and supplementation.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
Ages Eligible for Study:
2 Months to 24 Months (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
All infants living in study clusters without a history of allergy to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine were eligible for enrollment in the study.