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The Effects of Exenatide (Byetta ) on Energy Expenditure and Weight Loss in Nondiabetic Obese Subjects

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00856609
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 6, 2009
Results First Posted : January 12, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) )

Brief Summary:
Exenatide is an incretin-like drug that has been approved for treatment of type 2 diabetes; it improves glycemia by increasing insulin and decreasing glucagon secretion by pancreatic islet cells and delaying gastric emptying. This randomized, placebo-controlled study is to evaluate whether exenatide over a 5 week period in non-diabetic obese subjects may lead to weight loss. To control for variability in individual response to weight loss treatment, this study will assess the role of exenatide in changing food intake and energy expenditure as possible sources of weight loss. This study will also evaluate the safety profile of exenatide in non-diabetic obese people. Additional assessments will evaluate changes in body fat and hormones involved in the sensations of hunger and fullness.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Weight Loss Obesity Drug: Byetta (exenatide) Behavioral: Weight loss Other: Metabolic Chamber Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Obesity can lead to a number of health problems including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, low back pain, fatty liver disease, and osteoarthritis. The medical treatments currently available for obesity are limited. Exenatide is an injectable medication approved for treatment of type 2 diabetes that causes weight loss in some diabetic subjects. The reasons exenatide is thought to cause weight loss include decreased food intake, increased feelings of fullness and nausea. Because levels of a human gut hormone (glucagon like peptide 1) that is similar to exenatide have been shown to be related to resting energy expenditure, it is also possible that exenatide may have effects on a person s metabolism, a.k.a. energy expenditure, but any effect of exenatide on energy expenditure has yet to be evaluated. Even though exenatide is used to treat diabetes, administration of exenatide to non-diabetic lean individuals did not cause frankly low blood sugars.

The primary goal of this study is to investigate the way in which exenatide given twice a day to obese (BMI >= 30 kg/m^2) people without diabetes might lead to weight loss. Because response to weight loss treatment can be highly variable between individuals, we will look at the role of exenatide in changing food intake and energy expenditure as possible explanations for weight loss. We will also assess the safety profile of exenatide in non-diabetic obese people.

This study will involve the use of exenatide or placebo, determined randomly, in obese individuals without diabetes over a 5 week period. The primary measurements will include effects of exenatide on energy expenditure and food intake. We will also look at changes in body fat and the levels of hormones involved in the sensations of hunger and fullness. We will assess if any exenatide-induced changes can predict which individuals lose weight over the 5 weeks. The safety and side effects of exenatide in non-diabetic individuals during this time will also be determined. Findings from this study would help to determine how exenatide works to cause weight loss in people without diabetes, who might benefit most, and would help to improve understanding of why some people respond better to weight loss treatment than others.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of Exenatide (Byetta) on Energy Expenditure and Weight Loss in Non-Diabetic Obese Subjects
Study Start Date : March 3, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 19, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : September 19, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Exenatide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Exenatide
10 micrograms subcutaneously twice
Drug: Byetta (exenatide)
Exenatide is an injectable medication

Behavioral: Weight loss
Because response to weight loss

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Twice daily
Other: Metabolic Chamber
The subject stays in the small room

Drug: Placebo



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Energy Intake [ Time Frame: Day 6-7-8 (at baseline) and Day 2-13-14 (3 days after starting study intervention) ]
    Mean of 3-day food intake change between 3 days (Day 6-7-8) at baseline assessment and 3 days (Day 12-13-14) during the intervention period between the exenatide and placebo groups

  2. Twenty-four-hour Energy Expenditure [ Time Frame: Day 5 and Day 11 ]
    Change of twenty-four-hour energy expenditure between at Day 5 at baseline assessment and at Day 11 two days after starting study medication between the exenatide and placebo groups


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Body Weight [ Time Frame: 5 weeks ]
    Mean decrease between pre- and post-randomization in 5 Weeks between the exenatide and placebo groups.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Premenopausal women and men < 55 years of age
  • BMI >30 kg/m(2)
  • Expressed desire for weight loss
  • Stable weight (variation < 2.3 kg within past 6 months)
  • Ability to provide informed consent
  • Ability to follow verbal and written instructions
  • Nonsmoker
  • Ability to commute to study site on a regular basis for short outpatient visits over 5 weeks
  • For females, use of a medically approved form of contraception. For oral contraceptives, subjects will need to be on an established dose for at least 3 months to ensure stable weight and will be asked not to switch contraceptive methods during study participation.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Age < 18 years
  • Use of other medications to treat obesity including medications obtained over the counter or internet, orlistat (Xenical, Alli), sibutramine (Meridia), topiramate (with or without phentermine (Qsymia), phentermine (Adipex P) or lorcaserin (Belviq) within the past 6 months
  • History of an eating disorder including anorexia or bulimia
  • History of surgery for the treatment of obesity (gastric banding, gastric bypass)
  • Diagnosis of type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus according to American Diabetes Association guidelines
  • Previous exposure to exenatide
  • Uncontrolled hypertension as defined by a blood pressure of 150/90 on two or more occasions or use of antihypertensive medications which may affect energy expenditure including alpha blockers, beta blockers, angiotensin receptor blockers or inhibitors of angiotensin converting enzyme
  • Current use of tobacco products, marijuana, amphetamines, cocaine or intravenous drug use
  • Chronic ethanol use (> 3 drinks /day)
  • Endocrine disorders including hypo or hyperthyroidism (including subclinical disease), Cushing s disease, growth hormone deficiency or other pituitary diseases
  • History of pancreatitis
  • Personal or family history of multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN)-2 or medullary thyroid cancer
  • History of unresolved gallstones
  • Hyperamylasemia
  • Fasting triglyceride level greater than or equal to 500
  • Gastroparesis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease or malabsorption disorders
  • Malignancy treated with chemotherapy or radiation within the past 5 years
  • Current clinical depression, diagnosis of psychosis or recent use of psychotropic medication
  • Pregnancy within past 6 months
  • Breastfeeding
  • Failure to use medically approved contraceptive methods if subject is female
  • Liver function abnormalities (transaminases greater than twice normal)
  • Renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance < 50 ml/min)
  • History of chronic infection including tuberculosis, coccidiomycoses, lyme disease or HIV infection
  • Pulmonary disorders, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which would limit ability to follow the protocol (investigator judgment)
  • Cardiovascular disease including history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina or heart failure
  • Central nervous system disease, including history of cerebrovascular accidents, dementia, and neurodegenerative disorders
  • Weight <450 pounds (maximum weight of the DXA machine as per manufacturer s manual)
  • Sensitivity to exenatide or any inert components in its formulation
  • Sensitivity to acetaminophen
  • Conditions not specifically mentioned above may serve as criteria for exclusion at the discretion of the investigators

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00856609


Locations
United States, Arizona
NIDDK, Phoenix
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85014
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Krakoff, M.D. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00856609     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999909095
09-DK-N095
First Posted: March 6, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 12, 2018
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2018
Last Verified: September 19, 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) ):
Weight Loss
Byetta (Exenatide)
Energy Expenditure
Food Intake
Obesity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Body Weight
Weight Loss
Signs and Symptoms
Body Weight Changes
Exenatide
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Incretins
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists