Irrigation Versus No Irrigation for Perforated Appendicitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00854815
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 3, 2009
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shawn St. Peter, Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City

Brief Summary:
The purpose is to quantify the effect of irrigation during laparoscopic appendectomy for perforated appendicitis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Perforated Appendicitis Procedure: Irrigation Procedure: No Irrigation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This will be a prospective, randomized clinical trial involving patients who present to the hospital with perforated appendicitis. This will be a definitive study.

Power calculation was based on abscess rate in the previous prospective study. An unacceptable abscess rate needed to be chosen. Our current rate is 20%, or one-fifth of the patients. If this were to increase by 15%, it would place just over one third of the patients at risk which would be unacceptable. This is comparable to the 36% rejection level we used for the previous IRB approved trial (#07 02-031). Using a delta of 0.15 with alpha of 0.05 and power of 0.8, the sample size is 109 patients in each arm. Therefore we will anticipate enrolling 220.

Subjects will be those children who are found to have severe inflammatory changes on imaging or a high clinical suspicion of perforation. Permission will be obtained from parents prior to the operation. All of these children will be under duress prior to randomization, therefore we request waiving assent as we have done with the previous perforated appendicitis studies.

The final decision to include a child in the study will made after perforation has been visually confirmed during surgery. Perforation will be defined as an identifiable hole in the appendix or stool in the abdomen. The randomization assignment will be made known at the initiation of the operation, and confirmation of perforation will confirm the patient will utilize the next randomization slot.

The irrigation group will have suction irrigator set up with a 1 liter bag of normal saline. The surgeon must use at least 500 ml of this bag but may use as much as they choose.

The no irrigation group will have the suction irrigator set up without the saline attachment. This will leave them with the capacity for suction only. Since several suction devices exist, this will assure the same type of suction for both groups.

After the operation, both groups will be managed in the same manner. When the patient is tolerating a regular diet, on oral pain medication and has been afebrile for over 12 hours, they will be discharged on oral antibiotics to complete a course of 7 days. If they stay until the 5th post-operative day, a white blood cell count will be checked, which if it is normal, they will be discharged to home without antibiotics. This is standard post-operative care as delineated by our previous prospective, randomized.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 220 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Irrigation Versus No Irrigation for Perforated Appendicitis
Study Start Date : December 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Appendicitis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Irrigation
Irrigation of the area with at least 500ml normal saline using the power suction/irrigator
Procedure: Irrigation
Irrigation of the area with at least 500ml NS using the power suction/irrigator
Other Name: washout

Active Comparator: No Irrigation
Only suction with the power suction/irrigator without saline attached
Procedure: No Irrigation
Suction only using suction/irrigator
Other Name: suction

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Post-operative abscess [ Time Frame: 1 month ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. operating time [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
  2. length of stay [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Under 18 yrs old
  • Perforation identified as hole in the appendix or fecalith in the abdomen

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No perforation
  • A significant comorbidity that would limit their ability to recover from appendectomy in a normal fashion

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00854815

United States, Missouri
Children's Mercy Hospital
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64108
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City
Principal Investigator: Shawn D St. Peter, MD Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City

Responsible Party: Shawn St. Peter, MD, Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City Identifier: NCT00854815     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 08 11 181
First Posted: March 3, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2012
Last Verified: July 2012

Keywords provided by Shawn St. Peter, Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City:
Perforated appendicitis
laparoscopic appendectomy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Intraabdominal Infections
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Cecal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases