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Safety and Effectiveness Study of the AcuFocus Corneal Inlay ACI 7000PDT in Presbyopes (ACI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00850031
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 24, 2009
Results First Posted : February 6, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AcuFocus, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if the AcuFocus Corneal Inlay ACI 7000PDT will provide an effective method for the correction of presbyopia in patients who have normal distance vision but need a correction such as glasses or contact lenses to see clearly at near.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Presbyopia Device: AcuFocus Corneal Inlay Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The loss of near vision and the ability to perform tasks that require near vision is part of the normal aging process. This natural transformation in the eye occurs as a result of the loss of accommodation of the crystalline lens, a condition known as presbyopia. The crystalline lens is responsible for the accommodative properties of the human eye, as established by Young in 1801, over 200 years ago.1 During accommodation, the ciliary muscle contracts, decreasing tension on the zonules, and allowing the crystalline lens to thicken, increasing its refractive power. This mechanism of accommodation and thickening of the lens provides the eye with adequate refractive power for near vision. The loss of accommodation with aging is the result of changes in the crystalline lens composition that prevent the natural accommodative process from occurring. This is associated with the gradual loss of near vision without external correction, generally in the form of spectacles.

The AcuFocus™ ACI 7000PDT represents new technology based on the well-established concept of small-aperture optics. In early cameras, depth of focus was controlled by reducing the aperture through which light enters. The smaller the aperture, the greater the depth of focus will be. This concept also applies to the human eye. In the eye of a presbyopic emmetrope, the lens cannot accommodate sufficiently to focus the light rays from a near object onto a single point on the retina. Thus, a point object is imaged as a blur circle on the retina, and images of extended objects are degraded as well. If an opaque disc with a small aperture in the center is placed in front of the eye, the peripheral rays will be obscured while the central rays pass unaffected. Since peripheral rays enter the eye at a larger angle, they create a larger blur circle at the retinal image plane. Eliminating these peripheral rays reduces the size of the blur circle, improving image resolution.

In presbyopic subjects, objects closer than arm's length are focused behind the retina, thus creating blurred retinal images (which are composed of blur circles). A small aperture inlay placed in front of the eye of these subjects allows them to see at near by reducing the size of the blur circle.

AcuFocus, Inc. has developed a stationary intracorneal inlay designed to create a small aperture effect. The implant is intended to be placed intra-stromally either under a corneal flap or into a corneal pocket. Placement of the ACI will be centered over the pupil in the non-dominant eye. The ACI is expected to increase the depth of focus of the eye by reducing the circle of blur. Based on theoretical calculations of small aperture optics, the ACI is expected to provide presbyopic subjects with improvement of near and intermediate vision.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 119 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Multicenter Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of the AcuFocus Corneal Inlay (ACI)™ ACI 7000PDT in Presbyopic Subjects (OUS Study)
Study Start Date : January 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: AcuFocus Corneal Inlay
Implantation of the AcuFocus Corneal Inlay in emmetropic presbyopic patients.
Device: AcuFocus Corneal Inlay
Inlay implanted in cornea for improvement of near vision
Other Names:
  • AcuFocus Corneal Inlay ACI 7000 PDT
  • AcuFocus KAMRA inlay

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Improvement in Uncorrected Near Visual Acuity [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Percent of subjects who achieved UCNVA of 20/40 or better.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Improvement of Near Uncorrected Visual Acuity [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Mean subjective rating via questionnaire on 1 to 7 rating scale (1= very dissatisfied and 7 = very satisfied).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects must be natural emmetropes needing a minimum magnitude of +1.00D to +2.50D of reading add.
  2. Subjects must have uncorrected near visual acuity worse than 20/40 and better than 20/100 in the eye to be implanted.
  3. Subject must have distance visual acuity correctable to at least 20/20 in both eyes.
  4. Subjects must have a preoperative spherical equivalent of plano defined as +0.50D to -0.75D with no more than 0.75D of refractive cylinder as determined by cycloplegic refraction in the eye to be implanted.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects with a difference of > 1.00D between the spherical equivalent manifest refraction and the spherical equivalent cycloplegic refraction.
  2. Subjects with anterior segment pathology, including cataracts, in the eye to be implanted.
  3. Subjects with residual, recurrent, active ocular or uncontrolled eyelid disease, or any corneal abnormalities (including endothelial dystrophy, guttata, recurrent corneal erosion, etc.) in the eye to be implanted.
  4. Subjects with ophthalmoscopic signs of keratoconus (or keratoconus suspect) in the eye to be implanted.
  5. Subjects with a history of chronic dry eye not responding to therapy.
  6. Subjects with distorted or unclear corneal mires on topography maps of the eye to be implanted.
  7. Subjects who require canthotomy to generate a corneal flap in the eye to be implanted.
  8. Subjects with macular degeneration, retinal detachment, or any other fundus pathology that would prevent an acceptable visual outcome in the eye to be implanted.
  9. Subjects who have undergone previous intraocular or corneal surgery including cataract and LASIK surgery.
  10. Subjects with a history of herpes zoster or herpes simplex keratitis.
  11. Subjects who have a history of steroid-responsive rise in intraocular pressure, preoperative IOP > 21 mmHg, glaucoma, or is a glaucoma suspect.
  12. Subjects with a history of diagnosed diabetes, autoimmune disease, connective tissue disease, or clinically significant atopic syndrome.
  13. Subjects on chronic systemic corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive therapy that may affect wound healing, and any immunocompromised subjects.
  14. Subjects who are using ophthalmic medication(s) other than artificial tears for treatment of any ocular pathology including ocular allergy.
  15. Subjects using systemic medications with significant ocular side effects.
  16. Subjects who are pregnant, lactating, or of child-bearing potential and not practicing a medically approved method of birth control.
  17. Subjects with known sensitivity to planned study concomitant medications.
  18. Subjects who are participating in any other ophthalmic drug or device clinical trial during the time of this clinical investigation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00850031

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Australia, Victoria
Vista Laser Eye Clinics
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3185
The Eye Institute
Bondi Junction, Australia, 2022
Paracelsus Medizinische Privat-Universität, PMU, Universitätsklinikum
Salzburg, Austria, 5020
Universitats-Augenklinik, Department of Ophthalmology
Bochum, Germany, 44892
New Zealand
The Fendalton Eye Clinic
Fendalton, Christchurch, New Zealand
Auckland Eye
Auckland, New Zealand
Singapore National Eye Centre
Singapore, Singapore, 168751
United Kingdom
Optical Express
London, United Kingdom, W1G 9AP
Sponsors and Collaborators
AcuFocus, Inc.
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Study Director: Perry Binder, MD
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: AcuFocus, Inc. Identifier: NCT00850031    
Other Study ID Numbers: ACU-P08-020A
First Posted: February 24, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 6, 2017
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by AcuFocus, Inc.:
Near visual acuity
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Refractive Errors
Eye Diseases