Evaluating a Telemedicine Smoking Cessation Program in Rural Primary Care Practices
|Smoking||Behavioral: Telemedicine Smoking Cessation Program Behavioral: Telephone Quitline Smoking Cessation Program||Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Telemedicine for Smoking Cessation in Rural Primary Care|
- 7-day point prevalence abstinence [ Time Frame: Measured at Months 3, 6, and 12 ]
- Prolonged abstinence [ Time Frame: Measured at Months 3, 6, and 12 ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Participants will take part in a telemedicine smoking cessation program.
Behavioral: Telemedicine Smoking Cessation Program
Participants will receive four sessions of telemedicine smoking cessation counseling over an 8-week period. The telemedicine sessions will be delivered by two-way Webcams mounted on desktop computers in the doctors' offices.
Active Comparator: 2
Participants will take part in a telephone quitline smoking cessation program.
Behavioral: Telephone Quitline Smoking Cessation Program
Participants will receive four sessions of smoking cessation counseling delivered by telephone in their homes over an 8-week period.
People who live in rural areas are more likely to smoke cigarettes than people who live in urban and suburban areas. However, many smoking cessation resources and programs may not be available to residents of rural areas. Toll-free tobacco telephone quitlines are proven to help people stop smoking and are available to almost everyone living in the United States, but only 1% to 5% of smokers actually use them. Another option for helping people stop smoking may involve having doctors provide smoking cessation programs in their offices or clinics; however, most doctors' offices do not have the resources to provide this type of service. Telemedicine provides medical information over the phone or through the Internet by using various technologies, including Webcams or video conferencing equipment. It has been used successfully to provide psychiatric care and addictions counseling, but there have been no studies that have examined the effectiveness of a telemedicine smoking cessation program. The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of a telemedicine smoking cessation program that takes place in a doctor's office versus the effectiveness of a traditional telephone quitline smoking cessation program among rural smokers.
The study will be conducted at 25 rural doctors' offices in Kansas. Participants will be randomly assigned to participate in a telephone quitline program or a telemedicine program. Participants in the telephone quitline program will receive four sessions of telephone quitline counseling from smoking cessation counselors over an 8-week period. Participants in the telemedicine program will receive four sessions of telemedicine counseling from smoking cessation counselors over an 8-week period, which will be delivered through two-way Webcams at computers in the doctors' offices. All participants will receive educational handouts and individually tailored quit plans, including information on smoking cessation medications. At baseline and Months 3, 6, and 12, all participants will take part in telephone interviews with study researchers to assess smoking habits. At baseline and Month 12, participants will mail a saliva sample to researchers for the purposes of determining the level of nicotine in the body.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00843505
|United States, Kansas|
|University of Kansas Medical Center|
|Kansas City, Kansas, United States, 66160|
|Principal Investigator:||Kimber P. Richter, PhD, MPH, MA||University of Kansas|