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Everolimus in Treating Patients With Recurrent Low-Grade Glioma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00823459
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 15, 2009
Results First Posted : April 25, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 28, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Susan Chang, University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well everolimus works in treating patients with recurrent low-grade glioma. Everolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth or by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult Diffuse Astrocytoma Adult Mixed Glioma Adult Oligodendroglioma Adult Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma Recurrent Adult Brain Neoplasm Drug: Everolimus Other: Archival Tissue Analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


1. To determine progression-free survival at 6 months associated with use of RAD001 (everolimus) in patients initially diagnosed with low-grade glioma who undergo biopsy or subtotal resection at the time of recurrence with pathologic evidence of recurrent low-grade glioma (LGG).


  1. To further delineate the safety profile of RAD001 in patients with recurrent LGG.
  2. To assess overall survival (OS) in patients treated with RAD001.
  3. To assess the objective response rate (ORR) in patients treated with RAD001.
  4. To assess the correlation of protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression with response, progression status by 6 months, and OS in patients treated with RAD001.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 58 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of RAD001 in Patients With Recurrent Low Grade Glioma
Actual Study Start Date : January 23, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 12, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 13, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single-Arm Everolimus
Single-arm study with patients receiving Everolimus orally once daily dosing of 10 mg continuously from Day 1 of study until progression of disease or unacceptable toxicity. In addition archival tissue will be analysed for markers of P13K/mTOR pathway activation.
Drug: Everolimus
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 42-O-(2-Hydroxy)ethyl Rapamycin
  • Afinitor
  • Certican
  • RAD 001
  • RAD001
  • Votubia
  • Zortress

Other: Archival Tissue Analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival at 6 Months. [ Time Frame: At 6 months after treatment start ]
    Number of patients alive without progressive disease at 6 months. Assessment of progression was defined by RANO as a 25% increase in the sum of all the products of measurable lesions, clear worsening of any evaluable disease or any new lesion

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. RAD001 Safety Profile in Patients With Recurrent LLG [ Time Frame: 13 months ]
    Grade 4-5 treatment related adverse events as defined by CTCAE 3.0

  2. Objective Response Rate (ORR) in Patients Treated With RAD001. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Objective response is defined as complete or partial response as defined by RANO criteria as determined by MRI and steroid requirement. Complete response was defined by disappearance of all measurable disease with minimal or no steroids; a partial response was defined as 50% in sum of all products in perpendicular diameters of all measurable lesions with no new lesions on stable or decreasing steroids.

  3. Overall Survival (OS) in Patients Treated With RAD001. [ Time Frame: Time from registration till death, an average of 5 years ]
    Number of years from the day the patient started treatment until the date of death, an average of 5 years.

  4. To Assess the Correlation of Activation of the PI3K/mTOR Pathway With Survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Survival of patients with p-S6 staining of >19% (activated pathway)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status of >= 60
  • Patients must have a life expectancy > 8 weeks
  • All patients must sign an informed consent document indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of this study
  • Patients must sign an authorization for the release of their protected health information
  • Patients must have a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan performed within 14 days prior to initial protocol treatment
  • Patients must be registered in the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) Neuro-Oncology database prior to treatment with study drug
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin (Hb) > 9 g/dL
  • Serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • International normalized ratio (INR) < 1.5 (anticoagulation is allowed if target INR =< 1.5 on a stable dose of warfarin or on a stable dose of low molecular weight [LMW] heparin for > 2 weeks at the time of registration)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN
  • Fasting serum cholesterol =< 300 mg/dL OR =< 7.75 mmol/L AND fasting triglycerides =< 2.5 x ULN; NOTE: In case one or both of these thresholds are exceeded, the patient can only be included after initiation of appropriate lipid lowering medication
  • Patients must have histologically proven intracranial low-grade glioma at initial diagnosis; low-grade gliomas include: astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma and mixed oligoastrocytoma; pilocytic astrocytomas are excluded
  • Patients must have unequivocal evidence for tumor recurrence or progression by histology as determined by review of pathology by an attending neuro-pathologist at UCSF
  • If most recent histology shows progression to high grade glioma, patients must have had prior radiotherapy in order to be eligible
  • Paraffin-embedded sections of tissue acquired from surgery at the time of suspected recurrence must be available for analysis
  • Patients must have evidence for tumor recurrence or progression by MRI as determined by radiographic review of images by an attending neuro-oncologist or neuro-radiologist at UCSF
  • If the steroid dose is increased between the date of the MRI and registration on the trial, a new baseline MRI is required; this MRI must be performed after >= 5 days on a stable dose of steroids
  • An MRI must be used throughout the period of protocol treatment for tumor measurement
  • Patients must have evaluable disease
  • Patients may have had treatment (including radiotherapy) for any number of relapses prior to this recurrence
  • Patients must be at least 4 weeks from the completion of any radiation therapy
  • Patients must be less than 4 months from the surgical procedure for this recurrence
  • Patients must have recovered from the toxic effects of prior therapy:

    • 4 weeks from any investigational agent
    • 4 weeks from prior cytotoxic therapy (except 6 weeks from nitrosoureas, 3 weeks from procarbazine, 3 weeks from vincristine)
    • 3 weeks for non-cytotoxic or biologic agents e.g., interferon, tamoxifen, thalidomide, cis-retinoic acid, tarceva, etc; note a 3-week washout is required for prior treatment with bevacizumab

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have not recovered from the side effects of a major surgery or significant traumatic injury or patients that may require major surgery during the course of the study
  • Patients receiving chronic, systemic treatment with corticosteroids or another immunosuppressive agent; topical or inhaled corticosteroids, and treatment with low dose Decadron (=< 3 mg daily) are allowed
  • Other than surgery, patients may not have therapy for this recurrence (including radiation); supportive care such as steroids or anti-epileptics does not constitute treatment of recurrence
  • Patients must not have any significant medical illnesses that in the investigator?s opinion cannot be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy or would compromise the patient?s ability to tolerate this therapy
  • Patients with a history of any other cancer (except for adequately treated carcinoma of the cervix or basal or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin), unless in complete remission and off of all therapy for that disease for a minimum of 3 years are ineligible
  • Patients should not receive immunization with attenuated live vaccines within one week of study entry or during study period; close contact with those who have received attenuated live vaccines should be avoided during treatment with everolimus; examples of live vaccines include intranasal influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, oral polio, Bacillus Calmette-Gu?rin (BCG), yellow fever, varicella and TY21a typhoid vaccines
  • Uncontrolled brain or all leptomeningeal metastases, including patients who continue to require glucocorticoids for brain or leptomeningeal metastases
  • Patients who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions or other conditions that could affect their participation in the study such as:

    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure of New York heart Association Class III or IV
    • Unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within 6 months of start of study drug, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia or any other clinically significant cardiac disease
    • Severely impaired lung function
    • Uncontrolled diabetes as defined by fasting serum glucose > 1.5 x ULN (Note: Optimal glycemic control should be achieved before starting trial therapy)
    • Active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infections
    • Liver disease such as cirrhosis or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C)
  • A Hepatitis B/C blood test must be done at screening for all patients; patients who test positive for Hepatitis C antibodies and the Hepatitis B antigen are ineligible
  • A known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity
  • Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of RAD001 (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome or small bowel resection)
  • Impaired lung function: O2 saturation 88% or less at rest on room air by pulse oximetry; if O2 saturation is =< 88% at rest, further pulmonary function tests (PFTs) should be ordered to confirm normal pulmonary function and eligibility
  • Patients with an active, bleeding diathesis
  • Female patients who are pregnant or breast feeding, or adults of reproductive potential who are not using effective birth control methods; adequate contraception must be used throughout the trial and for 8 weeks after the last dose of study drug, by both sexes (women of childbearing potential [WOCBP] must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to administration of RAD001)
  • Male patient whose sexual partner(s) are WOCBP who are not willing to use adequate contraception, during the study and for 8 weeks after the end of treatment
  • Patients who have received prior treatment with an mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor (e.g., sirolimus, temsirolimus, everolimus)
  • Patients with a known hypersensitivity to RAD001 (everolimus) or other rapamycins (e.g., sirolimus, temsirolimus) or to its excipients
  • History of noncompliance to medical regimens
  • Patients unwilling to or unable to comply with the protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00823459

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United States, California
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Susan Chang
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Principal Investigator: Susan Chang, MD University of California, San Francisco
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Susan Chang, University of California, San Francisco:
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Responsible Party: Susan Chang, MD, Professor in Residence, University of California, San Francisco Identifier: NCT00823459    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00831324
Other Study ID Numbers: 08109
NCI-2011-01701 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
08109 ( Other Identifier: UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion )
First Posted: January 15, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 25, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 28, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs