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Preventive Oral Care

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00800696
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified April 2011 by Shaare Zedek Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 2, 2008
Last Update Posted : April 21, 2011
Sponsor:
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:

The purpose of the investigators project is to examine if the investigators may affect a reduction in respiratory infections in a pediatric long term care facility by institution of a comprehensive oral care program. The investigators wish to base their project on work such as of Yoneyama et al 2002, which hypothesized and showed that "silent" aspiration of oropharyngeal contents is a causative factor in development of respiratory infection in elderly institutionalized clients. It was found that an advanced oral hygiene program greatly reduced the incidence of respiratory infection. Although no similar research projects were found to have involved children, the investigators hope that a similar program of oral care will allow the investigators to likewise reduce the incidence of respiratory infection among the pediatric clients in our facility.

The investigators propose to examine two groups of children which are fed by gastrostomy feedings only. One group will continue to receive oral care as performed today. The study group will have their teeth brushed three times a day by the nursing staff by using a suction connected toothbrush, daily examination of the oropharynx by the nursing staff, and use of chlorhexidine varnish or another suitable antibacterial agent in the oropharynx.

The investigators will retrospectively examine our records (a 12 month period) for febrile days, antibiotic use and hospitalization days due to respiratory causes. The investigators will then compare these to the febrile days, antibiotic use and hospitalizations to the 12 month period [post implementation of the oral care program.

The importance of this program is to examine whether by implementation of a relatively inexpensive and low-tech intervention may meaningfully reduce the morbidity and mortality due to respiratory infection among our clients (which from our experience is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the investigators institution). The investigators expect that by reducing the incidence of respiratory disease among our clients that the investigators will greatly reduce suffering among the children and their families, improve their quality of life and ease the financial and organizational burdens as a result of caring for respiratory infections.

As was noted before, no prior research was found which studied the pediatric population in a long term care facilities. It is our belief that this project represents a unique research opportunity which may bring great benefit to the children and caregivers.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Fever Respiratory Infection Procedure: oral care

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 66 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Study Start Date : September 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Antibiotics Fever
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: oral care
intervention: The study group will have their teeth brushed three times a day by the nursing staff by using a suction connected toothbrush, daily examination of the oropharynx by the nursing staff, and use of chlorhexidine varnish or another suitable antibacterial agent in the oropharynx.
Procedure: oral care
The study group will have their teeth brushed three times a day by the nursing staff by using a suction connected toothbrush, daily examination of the oropharynx by the nursing staff, and use of chlorhexidine varnish or another suitable antibacterial agent in the oropharynx
No Intervention: control
continue to receive oral care as performed today.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hospitalization days per year [ Time Frame: year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fever [ Time Frame: year ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Months to 40 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clients who receive gastrostomy feedings only
  • ALEH Infirmary

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Oral Feeding
More Information

Responsible Party: Akiva Ehrlich RN, BSN, MPA, ALEH Infirmary
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00800696     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 58/08
First Posted: December 2, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 21, 2011
Last Verified: April 2011

Keywords provided by Shaare Zedek Medical Center:
antibiotics
Hospitalization
oral care

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infection
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents