Working… Menu

18F ML-10 for Early Detection of Response of Brain Metastases to WBRT

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00791063
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 14, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 13, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aposense Ltd.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential of [18F]-ML-10 to serve as a non-invasive imaging tool for the early detection of apoptosis in brain metastases in response to radiation therapy. Such early detection may improve clinical management of patients with brain metastases, as it may help early identification of non-responders, and subsequently potentially lead to optimization of radiation dose, early decision on focal irradiation of selected, non-responsive lesions, or early referral of the patient to surgery. The experimental design of the present study aims to evaluate the potential of non-invasive PET examination with [18F]-ML-10, to provide the clinician early in the course of treatment, via non-invasive molecular imaging of radiation-induced apoptosis, information on tumor responsiveness, that is currently available only several weeks to months after completion of the radiotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Solid Tumors Brain Metastases Other: 18F ML-10 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Early assessment of the efficacy of anti-cancer therapy is highly desirable and an unmet need in clinical oncology. Currently, treatment efficacy is mostly measured by following tumor size by anatomical imaging (CT scan or MRI). However, changes in tumor size may be observed only after several weeks to several months after completion of treatment. Meanwhile, in cases where there is no response, the patient is unnecessarily exposed to treatment's side effects, and precious time may be lost before the initiation of an alternative, potentially more beneficial line of therapy. Therefore, there is an urgent and serious need for better tools for monitoring of tumor response to anti-cancer treatments.

To address this need, [18F]-ML-10, a novel small molecular-weight probe (MW 205) was developed for clinical detection of apoptosis in vivo by positron emission tomography (PET). [18F]-ML-10 is a member of the ApoSense family of compounds, a novel class of molecular probes for molecular imaging of cell death. The first clinical indication for which [18F]-ML-10 is being developed is imaging of apoptosis in clinical oncology to monitor tumor response to radiation therapy.

Previous preclinical and clinical studies have substantiated the safety of [18F]-ML-10, its very high stability in vivo, its favorable biodistribution profile, and its efficacy in clinical detection of cell death. In preclinical studies, the selective retention of [18F]-ML-10 in the focus of the neurovascular cell death in cerebral ischemia was demonstrated in respective animal models. 18F-ML-10 has been examined in two clinical trials in Uppsala Imanet, Sweden, and has been found safe in administration to healthy subjects and to elderly subjects with acute ischemic cerebral stroke. In these clinical trials, [18F]-ML-10 was also found efficacious in the clinical imaging of apoptosis, being either physiological apoptosis as observed in the testes in young healthy males, and pathological cell death, as observed in the brains of patients with acute ischemic cerebral stroke.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: An Open-Label Study to Evaluate 18F ML-10 as a PET Imaging Radiotracer for Early Detection of Response of Brain Metastases to Whole Brain Radiation Therapy (WBRT)
Study Start Date : March 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 18F ML-10
Intervention - 18F ML-10 PET/CT imaging for early detection of response of brain metastases to WBRT
Other: 18F ML-10
Patients will undergo 2-3 brain PET/CT sessions; A pre-treatment session and 1-2 sessions post WBRT treatment. Each PET/CT session will be done following intravenous administration of 18F-ML-10, to assess tracer uptake by the tumor.
Other Name: 18F ML-10 PET/CT imaging

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of a change in the uptake of [18F]- ML-10 by the tumor as observed in comparing the PET scans before and after WBRT. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of a relationship between the change in uptake of [18F]- ML-10 by the tumor, observed in the PET scans obtained during the study, and tumor shrinkage in response to treatment, as assessed by MRI or CT according to the RECIST criteria. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  2. Detection of a potential change in the uptake of [18F]- ML-10 by the healthy brain tissue, as observed in comparing the PET/CT scans before and after WBRT, reflecting potential damage to intact brain tissue, as an adverse effect of the irradiation. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  3. Assessment of the correlation between the PET/CT region of interest (ROI), delineated by [18F]-ML-10 imaging, and the corresponding anatomical imaging. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  4. Assessment of the safety of [18F]-ML-10 when administered to cancer patients undergoing WBRT. [ Time Frame: one month ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with cancer, diagnosed as having brain metastases, wherein at least one of the tumors has the diameter of ≥ 1.5cm, as assessed by MRI or CT performed within 14 days prior to screening/enrollment.
  2. Patients scheduled for WBRT.
  3. Fully conscious patients who have been given written and verbal information, and have then provided informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Unstable medical condition, such as ischemic heart disease, liver disease or pulmonary disease, which may risk the patient during the study, as judged by the investigator.
  2. Renal failure, with serum creatinine > 1.5mg/dl.
  3. Any known psychiatric disorder other than mild depression or anxiety.
  4. Patients treated for diabetes mellitus either by oral hypoglycemic medications or insulin.
  5. Allergy to any known medication or to any imaging agent, or allergy-originated diseases, as judged by the investigator.
  6. Other condition that might jeopardize the safety of the patient or the evaluation of the study results, as judged by the investigator.
  7. Treatment with any non-marketed investigational drug within 30 days prior to administration of [18F]-ML-10.
  8. Current alcohol or drug abuse
  9. Pregnancy or lactation.
  10. Women of child-bearing potential who are not using an adequate and medically acceptable contraceptive method.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00791063

Sponsors and Collaborators
Aposense Ltd.
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Aaron Allen, M.D. Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva 49100, Israel
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Aposense Ltd. Identifier: NCT00791063    
Other Study ID Numbers: NST-CA001CTIL
First Posted: November 14, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 13, 2013
Last Verified: February 2013
Keywords provided by Aposense Ltd.:
cell death
PET imaging
brain metastases
whole brain radiation therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Brain Neoplasms
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases