A Prospective Study to Evaluate FDG-PET, Breast MRI, and Breast Ultrasonography in Monitoring Tumour Responses in Patients With Locally Advanced Breast Cancer (LABC) Undergoing Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy (PETLAB)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00788489
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 11, 2008
Last Update Posted : October 4, 2011
Juravinski Cancer Centre Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ontario Clinical Oncology Group (OCOG)

Brief Summary:
The overall goal of this study is to determine how FDG-PET, breast MRI and breast ultrasound can be incorporated into the assessment of treatment responses in women with LABC undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A prospective cohort study will be conducted evaluating the ability of FDG-PET, breast MRI and breast ultrasound to detect the presence of residual tumour in patients with LABC who have completed treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to mastectomy.

Condition or disease
Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

Detailed Description:

Locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) is usually treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery and radiation. At present, monitoring of tumour responses to chemotherapy is primarily carried out using physical examination at the beginning of each chemotherapy cycle. Differentiating viable tumour tissue from inflammation or fibrotic scar tissue can be difficult. There is a growing body of evidence that newer imaging techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be better at determining whether or not the tumour is actually shrinking. The purpose of this study is to determine the sensitivity and specificity of PET, MRI and ultrasound in evaluating tumour responses to chemotherapy in patients with LABC and compare this with physical examination, which is the current standard of care.

Two of the objectives of this study are to 1) determine whether PET, MRI or ultrasound have a higher sensitivity/specificity than physical examination alone in determining which LABC patients achieve a complete pathologic response following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and 2) to investigate whether these additional investigations might lead to changes in clinical management by identifying non-responders earlier than with physical examination alone.

A prospective cohort study design will be conducted. Patients with LABC who receive chemotherapy will undergo physical examination, PET, MRI, and ultrasound at baseline, midway, and at the completion of chemotherapy. Approximately 100 patients will be accrued over a 5-year period.

This study will give clinicians further insight into the usefulness of PET, MRI, and ultrasound in monitoring treatment responses in patients with LABC. This could potentially lead to changes in clinical management of these patients.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 49 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Prospective Study to Evaluate the Role of 2-[18F]Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG)-Positron Emission Tomography (PET), Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and Breast Ultrasonography in Monitoring Tumour Responses in Patients With Locally Advanced Breast Cancer Undergoing Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
Study Start Date : January 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary outcomes are the sensitivity and specificity of physical examination, ultrasound, breast MRI and PET in predicting which patients have achieved a complete pathologic response (pCR) prior to undergoing surgery. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of mean SUV uptake on FDG-PET for patients with pCR versus patients without pCR following neoadjuvant chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  2. The size of the tumour measured by physical examination, breast ultrasound and MRI just prior to surgery will be compared to pathology tumour measurements found following mastectomy. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  3. Retrospective modelling to assess whether imaging test midway through chemotherapy affect management decisions [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Approximately 100 patients will be accrued over a 5-year period.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic proof of breast cancer (invasive ductal or lobular carcinoma - not breast sarcoma or lymphoma)
  • Patients having a clinical diagnosis of locally advanced breast cancer (T3 or T4, or N2 according to TNM classification) including inflammatory breast cancer.
  • Patients must be able to undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1 or 2 sufficient to undergo chemotherapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previously treated cancer other than nonmelanotic skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix, unless disease-free for 5 years or greater.
  • Evidence of metastatic disease (found on chest X-ray, liver ultrasound or bone scan).
  • Previous chemotherapy or hormonal therapy for breast cancer.
  • Active infection or other significant illnesses which could hamper their ability to tolerate chemotherapy
  • Significant concurrent medical problems (e.g. uncontrolled diabetes, active cardiac disease, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) making the patient unfit for surgery.
  • Any condition that could interfere with their ability to provide informed consent such as dementia or severe cognitive impairment.
  • Pregnant or lactating females (e.g. positive serum B-hCG pregnancy test).
  • Unable to lie supine for imaging with PET.
  • Inadequate hematologic, renal and liver function as measured by CBC (WBC < 4.0 x 109, Hb < 100 g/L, plt count < 100 x 109), and abnormal hepatic transaminases (AST, ALT, GGT, alkaline phosphatase > 2x normal), elevated total bilirubin, and elevated serum creatinine (Cr > 110 micromol/L).
  • Any contraindication to undergoing MRI or PET.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00788489

Canada, Ontario
Juravinski Cancer Centre
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8V 5C2
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ontario Clinical Oncology Group (OCOG)
Juravinski Cancer Centre Foundation
Principal Investigator: Som Mukherjee, MD MSc FRCP(C) Juravinski Cancer Centre

Responsible Party: Ontario Clinical Oncology Group (OCOG) Identifier: NCT00788489     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PETLAB-06Jan2006
First Posted: November 11, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 4, 2011
Last Verified: October 2011

Keywords provided by Ontario Clinical Oncology Group (OCOG):
breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases