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Study in Healthy Males to Measure Maraviroc in Blood, Saliva, Seminal Fluid, and Rectal Tissue

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00775294
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 20, 2008
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2011
Information provided by:
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Brief Summary:
This study is being conducted to look at how the body handles the drug maraviroc. It will measure the amount of maraviroc in blood, semen, saliva and in the rectum of men. The aim is to understand how much of the drug (taken by mouth) reaches the oral, reproductive and intestinal tracts. It is believed that the presence of this drug in these areas may be beneficial in preventing the AIDS virus (HIV) from being passed from one person to another. The study will take samples of blood, saliva, semen and rectal mucosal tissue to measure drug levels. This study will also collect information on side effects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV/AIDS Drug: Maraviroc Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Phase IV, Open Label Study in Healthy Male Subjects to Investigate the Extent of Maraviroc Exposure in Blood, Saliva, Seminal Fluid, and Rectal Mucosal Tissue Following Single and Multiple Dosing of Maraviroc
Study Start Date : May 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS
Drug Information available for: Maraviroc

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: maraviroc
Single arm trial looking at the pharmacokinetics of maraviroc in healthy volunteers.
Drug: Maraviroc
Healthy male volunteers will take maraviroc 300 mg orally twice daily for 15 doses (8 days)
Other Name: Selzentry

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To generate individual maraviroc pharmacokinetic parameters in seminal plasma after single and multiple dosing [ Time Frame: Study Days 1, 7, and 8 ]
  2. To generate composite maraviroc pharmacokinetic parameters in rectal tissue after single and multiple dosing [ Time Frame: Study days 1 and 7 or 8 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To generate matrix:blood plasma ratios of maraviroc in semen and rectal tissue after single and multiple dosing [ Time Frame: Days 1, 7 and 8 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 49 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy male subjects between the ages of 18 and 49 years, inclusive, with intact genital tract and gastrointestinal tract. (Healthy is defined as no clinically relevant abnormalities identified by a detailed medical history, full physical examination, including blood pressure and pulse rate measurement, 12-lead ECG for individuals >35yo and clinical laboratory tests).
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) of approximately 18 to 30 kg/m2; and a total body weight >/=50 kg (110 lbs).
  • Evidence of a personally signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the subject has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the trial.
  • Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests, and other trial procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence or history of clinically significant hematological, renal, endocrine, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, psychiatric, neurologic, or allergic disease (including drug allergies, but excluding untreated, asymptomatic, seasonal allergies at time of dosing).
  • Subjects with a history of having a gastrectomy, colostomy, ileostomy, or any other procedure altering the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Subjects with inflammatory bowel diseases (ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease) and have a clearly defined diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Subject who is unwilling to refrain from any sexual activity including intercourse and masturbation for 72 hours prior study visit Day 1 and until discharge from the study.
  • Subject who is unwilling to refrain from rectal insertion of medical/recreation devices and products and from receptive anal intercourse, for 72 hours before study visit Day -1 and through 7 days after the last biopsy unless instructed otherwise by the investigators.
  • History of febrile illness within 5 days prior to the first dose.
  • Any condition possibly affecting drug absorption (eg, gastrectomy).
  • A positive urine drug screen.
  • A positive result for HIV.
  • Active hepatitis B infection as defined by a positive Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) OR a positive Hepatitis B core antibody with a negative Hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb).
  • Active hepatitis C infection as defined by anti-hepatitis C virus serology (as determined by multi-antigen EIA) and detectable HCV RNA.
  • A positive test for syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, HSV-2 (active lesions) or trichomonas at screening.
  • History of regular alcohol consumption exceeding 14 drinks (1 drink = 5 ounces (150 mL) of wine or 12 ounces (360 mL) of beer or 1.5 ounces (45 mL) of spirits) per week.
  • Participation in a clinical study within 4 months preceding the first dose of trial medication.
  • Participation in a rectal biopsy study in the 12 months preceding the first dose of trial medication.
  • Use of prescription or nonprescription drugs, vitamins and dietary supplements within 7 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of trial medication. Herbal supplements must be discontinued 14 days prior to the first dose of trial medication. As an exception, acetaminophen may be used at doses of </= 1 g/day
  • Blood donation of approximately 1 pint (500 mL) within 56 days prior to dosing.
  • History of sensitivity to heparin or heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.
  • Unwilling to abstain from alcohol use from 24 hours prior to the first dose of study medication until after the follow-up visit.
  • Unwilling to abstain from cigarette smoking completely during inpatient pharmacokinetic visits and unwilling to limit smoking to a maximum of 5 cigarettes per day from 24 hours prior to the start of the study until study completion.
  • Unwilling or unable to comply with the dietary restrictions in regard to study drug administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00775294

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United States, North Carolina
UNC Hospitals CTRC
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27514
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
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Principal Investigator: Angela DM Kashuba, PharmD UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy
Principal Investigator: Kristine B Patterson, MD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Angela Kashuba, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy Identifier: NCT00775294    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB 08-0418
First Posted: October 20, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2011
Last Verified: May 2011
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Blood-Borne Infections
Communicable Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
HIV Fusion Inhibitors
Viral Fusion Protein Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
CCR5 Receptor Antagonists